Paykan

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Paykan
Paykan.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerIran Khodro
Also calledRootes Arrow
Hilman Hunter
Dodge Husky
Chrysler Vogue
Production
  • 1967–2005 Sedan
  • 1969-2015 pickup
Body and chassis
Body style4-door sedan
4-door estate
2-door coupe utility (pick up)
LayoutFront-engine, rear-wheel-drive
Powertrain
Engine
  • 1598 cc 4
  • 1725 cc I4
  • 1796 cc I4 Peugeot
TransmissionManual transmission
Dimensions
Wheelbase98 in (2,489 mm) (saloon)
Length171 in (4,343 mm) (sedan)
Width63 in (1,600 mm) (saloon)
Height56 in (1,422 mm) (saloon)
Curb weight2,100 lb (953 kg) (saloon)
Chronology
SuccessorIKCO Arisun(Pickup)
Soren(sedan)
A Paykan in the countryside.

The Paykan (Persian: پيکان‎ meaning Arrow) is the first Iranian made automobile produced by Iran Khodro (formerly called "Iran National") between 1967 and 2005. The car was very popular in Iran from its introduction until its discontinuation. It is often colloquially referred as the Iranian chariot.

The Paykan was a Hillman Hunter built under license, but had some unique body work and locally-developed variants (most notably, the pickup, which used a different body shell from the one sold elsewhere).

History[edit]

The design was introduced to Iran by Mahmoud Khayami, co-founder and, by then, owner of the Iran Khodro (formerly called "Iran National") company and factory, who accurately predicted that Iran was in need of a simple "no-frills" automobile within the price range of ordinary people.[citation needed]

In 1967, Rootes began exporting Hillman Hunters to Iran Khodro in "complete knock down" (CKD) kit form, for assembly in Iran. By the mid-1970s, full-scale manufacturing of the car (minus the engine) had started in Iran.

In 1977, Roy Axe designed a new Paykan facelift model using many interior and exterior parts from the Chrysler Alpine.

In 1978, Peugeot took over the Rootes company after it collapsed under the ownership of Chrysler Europe; a year later, Peugeot ended Hillman Hunter production in Ireland. Following this, the Paykan's engine production tooling was moved to Iran and was in full-scale manufacturing under Peugeot license. This ended in 2005 with the final Paykan leaving the assembly line.

Irankhodro tried to replace Paykan with a so called "New Paykan" but Peugeot did not agree with the naming. This revealed the fact that the intellectual ownership of the Paykan brand and logo still belongs to the PSA (Peugeot Société Anonyme) as a legacy of the demise of Rootes group.

Design[edit]

Although the Paykan was based on a 1966 Hillman Hunter, there were many changes and modifications made to it over the years – notably the substitution of the original 1725cc Rootes engine with a Peugeot 504-derived unit. The modifications to the exterior included revised headlights and taillights. A Paykan Pickup was also offered.[1] There was another pickup truck based on the Hillman Hunter sold in South Africa – the Dodge Husky – but the two models used different bodies. The South African version has a thicker B-pillar and retains the sedan's lines along the side panels. The tailgate and rear window are also subtly different.

The Iranian government reportedly offered Iran Khodro a large cash incentive to end Paykan production by 2005, labeling the car as an environmental hazard because of its unacceptably high fuel consumption. During its last years, the order backlog was nearly two years long.[citation needed]

The Samand, commonly referred to as the "New Paykan", is currently being produced by Iran Khodro as a modern substitute for the Paykan class of cars. In 2005, Iran Khodro announced that it had sold the discontinued Paykan's automobile production line to the Khartoum Transportation Company in Sudan, while auto-parts production for the Paykan still continues by third party manufacturers in Iran.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Iran Khodro Paykan Pick up, tocmp.org Archived 2016-04-15 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 15 February 2016

External links[edit]