Payne County, Oklahoma

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Payne County, Oklahoma
Payne County Courthouse (cropped).jpg
Payne County Courthouse
Seal of Payne County, Oklahoma
Seal
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Payne County
Location in the U.S. state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded May 2, 1890
Named for Capt. David L. Payne
Seat Stillwater
Largest city Stillwater
Area
 • Total 697 sq mi (1,805 km2)
 • Land 685 sq mi (1,774 km2)
 • Water 12 sq mi (31 km2)
Population (est.)
 • (2013) 79,066
 • Density 113/sq mi (44/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.paynecounty.org

Payne County is a county in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,350.[1] Its county seat is Stillwater.[2] The county was created in 1890 as part of Oklahoma Territory and is named for Capt. David L. Payne, a leader of the "Boomers".[3]

Payne County comprises the Stillwater, OK Micropolitan Statistical Area. The county lies northeast of the Oklahoma City metropolitan area though many consider it an extension of the Oklahoma City metro area due to commuter patterns and other indicators.

History[edit]

This county was established and named as the Sixth County by the Oklahoma Organic Act of 1890. It included land settled during the Land Run of 1889. The Organic Act settled a dispute between the towns of Stillwater and Perkins over which should be the county seat.[4]

Eastern Oklahoma Railway built two lines in Payne County between 1900 and 1902, then immediately leased them to the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway.

In 2010, the Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) was constructed into Payne County.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 697 square miles (1,810 km2), of which 685 square miles (1,770 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (1.8%) is water.[5]

Payne County is covered by rolling plains, mostly within the Sandstone Hills physiographic region, but with the western part of the county in the Red Bed plains. The county has two significant reservoirs: McMurtry Lake and Carl Blackwell Lake. The Cimarron River and Stillwater Creek drain most of the county.[4]

Major Highways[edit]

Airport[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 7,215
1900 20,909 189.8%
1910 23,735 13.5%
1920 30,180 27.2%
1930 36,905 22.3%
1940 36,057 −2.3%
1950 46,430 28.8%
1960 44,231 −4.7%
1970 50,654 14.5%
1980 62,435 23.3%
1990 61,507 −1.5%
2000 68,190 10.9%
2010 77,350 13.4%
Est. 2016 81,131 [6] 4.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]
Age pyramid for Payne County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 68,190 people, 26,680 households, and 15,314 families residing in the county. The population density was 99 people per square mile (38/km²). There were 29,326 housing units at an average density of 43 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.33% White, 3.63% Black or African American, 4.58% Native American, 3.00% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.77% from other races, and 3.64% from two or more races. 2.15% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 26,680 households out of which 25.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.60% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.60% were non-families. 30.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county, the population was spread out with 19.60% under the age of 18, 25.90% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 17.60% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 103.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,733, and the median income for a family was $40,823. Males had a median income of $31,132 versus $21,113 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,983. About 10.80% of families and 20.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.00% of those under age 18 and 8.50% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2017[12]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
Democratic 14,315 34.43%
Republican 20,560 49.44%
Unaffiliated 6,708 16.13%
Total 41,583 100%
Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 60.0% 16,651 31.7% 8,788 8.4% 2,321
2012 64.2% 16,481 35.8% 9,198
2008 63.5% 18,435 36.5% 10,601
2004 66.0% 19,560 34.1% 10,101
2000 61.2% 15,256 37.4% 9,319 1.5% 372
1996 48.1% 11,686 41.1% 9,985 10.9% 2,637
1992 42.2% 13,032 32.0% 9,886 25.8% 7,962
1988 59.6% 16,027 39.3% 10,568 1.2% 310
1984 72.6% 20,811 26.7% 7,653 0.6% 184
1980 62.1% 15,955 29.1% 7,466 8.8% 2,270
1976 56.4% 13,481 41.8% 9,987 1.8% 420
1972 73.8% 17,019 24.5% 5,644 1.8% 407
1968 53.7% 9,577 32.4% 5,772 13.9% 2,475
1964 47.1% 7,936 52.9% 8,906
1960 63.6% 9,943 36.4% 5,694
1956 59.8% 9,381 40.3% 6,320
1952 62.0% 10,605 38.0% 6,490
1948 44.0% 5,799 56.0% 7,390
1944 51.7% 6,048 48.1% 5,624 0.3% 30
1940 46.6% 6,772 53.0% 7,704 0.4% 63
1936 37.0% 4,783 62.5% 8,081 0.4% 57
1932 33.1% 3,874 66.9% 7,819
1928 72.2% 7,864 26.7% 2,904 1.2% 125
1924 48.5% 4,817 43.7% 4,342 7.8% 774
1920 54.8% 4,583 38.7% 3,238 6.6% 549
1916 36.7% 1,767 44.5% 2,140 18.8% 902
1912 41.7% 1,669 38.3% 1,534 20.1% 804

Economy[edit]

Agriculture was the basis of the county economy for more than fifty years. The primary crops were cotton, corn and wheat.[4]

World War II caused hundreds of students at Oklahoma A & M to leave school for military service. To offset this loss to the local economy, civic and college leaders, to lobby military leaders and Oklahoma Senator, Mike Monroney, to have the school designated as a war training center. This resulted in the establishment of twelve training programs for the Navy, with nearly 40,000 people.[4]

The wartime experience showed local political leaders that it would be essential to diversify the county's economic base. They formed an Industrial Foundation to attract manufacturing plants and industrial jobs. This effort succeeded and accelerated an increase in population.[4]

Education[edit]

"Old Central", first building constructed for Oklahoma A&M College, ca. 1894

Educational entities located in Payne County include:

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

NRHP sites[edit]

The following sites in Payne County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

Other landmarks include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 12, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Chronicles of Oklahoma. "Origin of County Names in Oklahoma." v. 2, N, 1. March 1924. Retrieved May 26, 2013.[1]
  4. ^ a b c d e Newsom, D. Earl. "Payne County," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society, 2009. Accessed April 4, 2015.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 22, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved February 22, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 22, 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 22, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 22, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ https://www.ok.gov/elections/documents/20170115%20-%20Registration%20By%20County%20%28vr2420%29.pdf
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°05′N 96°58′W / 36.08°N 96.97°W / 36.08; -96.97