Pazooka tribe

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Pazukî is a Kurdish tribe who lives different regions in Kurdistan and also around Tahran. It is mentioned first time by Kurdish historical book Sharafnama which has been written by Sharaf Khan Bidlisi in 16. century.[1] There are some variants of the name Pazuki and they are known under the various names, like Bazikî, Bozukan, Bazukan etc.[2] Pazukî was originally a tribal confederation like Rojiki Kurds. Some branchs of them speak Kurmancî and the others speak Zazakî. But Henry Field (anthropologist) mentioned their Iranian branch also as a Turcophonic community almost a hundred years ago.[3]

The Origin of The Name Pazukî[edit]

There are two suggestions about the origin of the name Pazukî. The first one by Garnik Asatrian who thinks that it comes from Armenian botanical term pazuk which means beet. He shows some Kurdish tribal names which are originated from botanical terms, like Zilî, Sipkî, Mandikî and Pivazî.[4] But according to a recent research, there is one more possibility on it's etymology. It is suggested by Aksoy that pazuk may be connected with another Armenian word bazuk which means Pleiades.[5] His reference is to a Bozukan (from Pazukan) tradition which mentioned by Mark Sykes in his article "The Kurdish Tribes of Ottoman Empire" (1908). Sykes writes that "their tradition is that they used to worship a sword thrust in the ground and the moon and the stars, and they lived under the government of a Christian King named Tavit, who dwelt in the castle of Boso".[6] Aksoy thinks that it is possible to find some cultural continuities between Scythian and Pazuki world, may be by original Armenian clan of Pazukis or directly by Kurdish clan(s).[7]


There are some placenames in Turkish Kurdistan which refer to Pazukîs. For example, "Bozik Ușağı köyü" (Ovacık), "Bazikân" (Varto), "Bazikân" (Sasun), "Bazikî" (Urfa, Yaylak), "Bozik" (Urfa), "Bazük" (Adıyaman) etc.[8]

Famous Characters[edit]

The most famous person who belongs originally to Pazukî tribe, is former leader of PKK, Abdullah Öcalan.[9]


  1. ^ Cheref-ou`ddîne, Chèref-Nâmeh, St. Pétersbourg, 1868, see
  2. ^ Gürdal Aksoy, Dersim: Alevilik, Ermenilik, Kürtlük, İstanbul, 2016, İletişim Yayınları, see
  3. ^ "The tribe was broken up in the latter part of the sixteenth century, some families of it migrating to Persia. About a thousand families reside in Veramin and Khar, south-east and east of Teheran. Some of them speak Kurdish, some Turkish." H. Field, Contributions to the Anthropology of Iran, Chicago, 1939, Field Museum Press, p. 112, see
  4. ^ Garnik Asatrian, "Prolegomena to the Study of the Kurds", Iran and the Caucasus 13 (2009), p. 40, see
  5. ^ Gürdal Aksoy, "Bir Kürt Aşiretinin Uzak Geçmişi Hakkında Varsayımsal Sorular: PAZUKÎLER ve İSKİTLER", Ağustos 2016, see<
  6. ^ M. Sykes, "The Kurdish Tribes of Ottoman Empire", JRAIGBI. Vol. 38, Jul.-Dec. 1908, p. 465, see
  7. ^ for more information, see Aksoy, Bir Kürt Aşiretinin Uzak Geçmişi Hakkında Varsayımsal Sorular: PAZUKÎLER ve İSKİTLER
  8. ^ Aksoy, "Dersim: Alevilik, Ermenilik, Kürtlük", İstanbul, 2016.
  9. ^ Fikret Yaşar, "Kürdistan Tarihinde Pazuki Aşireti ve Öcalan", see