Peña de Bernal
|Peña de Bernal|
|Elevation||2,510 m (8,230 ft) AMSL|
|Prominence||350 m (1,150 ft)|
|English translation||Rock of Bernal|
|Language of name||Spanish|
|Location||San Sebastián Bernal, Querétaro, México|
|Parent range||Sierra Gorda|
|Age of rock||65 million years|
|Mountain type||Porphyrytic monolith|
Peña de Bernal (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈpeɲa ðe βeɾˈnal]; in English: Bernal's Boulder or Bernal Peak) is a 433 m (1,421 ft) tall monolith, one of the tallest in the world. Peña de Bernal is located in San Sebastián Bernal, a small town in the Mexican state of Querétaro. It is one of the most touristic sites near the capital of Querétaro and considered one of the 13 Wonders of Mexico.
The porphyrytic monolith was thought to have been formed during the Jurassic period. A recent chemical analysis by researchers at the National Autonomous University of Mexico has determined that it is considerably younger, likely formed about 8.7 million years ago.
Many people perform a pilgrimage to the small chapel located at the highest point accessible through hiking.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Peña de Bernal.|
- "Geologic setting of the Peña de Bernal Natural Monument, Querétaro, México: An endogenous volcanic dome". Geosphere. Archived from the original on 2015-03-13.
- "Bernal". México Desconocido. Archived from the original on 2015-03-13.
- "Mexican Monolith Is World's Tallest Freestanding Rock". Georgia Newsday. Archived from the original on 2015-03-13.
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