Peñaranda, Nueva Ecija

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Official seal of Peñaranda
Map of Nueva Ecija showing the location of Peñaranda
Map of Nueva Ecija showing the location of Peñaranda
Peñaranda is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°21′N 121°00′E / 15.350°N 121.000°E / 15.350; 121.000Coordinates: 15°21′N 121°00′E / 15.350°N 121.000°E / 15.350; 121.000
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Nueva Ecija
District 4th District
Barangays 10
 • Mayor Ferdinand R. Abesamis
 • Total 95.00 km2 (36.68 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 27,410
 • Density 290/km2 (750/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3103
IDD:area code +63 (0)44
Income class 4th class; rural

Peñaranda is a fourth class municipality in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 27,410 people.[3]

It is bordered by municipalities of General Tinio and San Leonardo and the city of Gapan.

The area was originally called Mapisong, and it was a part of the municipality of Gapan. The area was organized into a municipality by José Maria Peñaranda, a Spanish engineer, and subsequently named after him.

Peñaranda was once known for its high quality crop called ikmo, a plant used by older Filipinos as a chewing substance. Recently however, the crop is on the brink of extinction. Rice remains a flourishing farm produce.


Peñaranda is politically subdivided into 9 barangays.

  • Callos
  • Las Piñas
  • Poblacion I
  • Poblacion II
  • Poblacion III
  • Poblacion IV
  • Santo Tomas
  • Sinasajan
  • San Josef


World War II[edit]

In December 1941, Japanese fighter and bomber planes were found invading the town municipalities of Peñaranda during the Japanese Invasion. In 1942, the Japanese Occupation forces entered Peñaranda, Nueva Ecija. Military general headquarters, garrisons and concentration camps of the Imperial Japanese Armed Forces were built and established in the town municipality.

In 1942 to 1945, the Hukbalahap Communist group and local guerrilla groups ambushed the municipal town in Peñaranda and attacked the Japanese. However, the guerrillas and Hukbalahap Communists groups were unsuccessful and they retreated from the Japanese. Upon the arrival of the local Filipino troops and officers of the Philippine Commonwealth Army units, the municipal town was liberated from the Japanese forces.

In 1945, entering to the Philippine Commonwealth Army troops of the 2nd, 21st, 22nd, 23rd, 25th and 26th Infantry Division of the Philippine Army took in Peñaranda, Nueva Ecija together with the local recognized guerrilla units and Hukbalahap Communist fighters we fronted the battles against the Japanese troops by defeated from successful to the Philippine troops and recognized guerrillas beginning the Invasion of Peñaranda during World War II.


Population census of Peñaranda
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 8,410 —    
1918 9,250 +0.64%
1939 9,423 +0.09%
1948 9,623 +0.23%
1960 10,768 +0.94%
1970 14,226 +2.82%
1975 15,142 +1.26%
1980 16,753 +2.04%
1990 20,500 +2.04%
1995 22,661 +1.90%
2000 24,749 +1.91%
2007 26,725 +1.07%
2010 27,410 +0.93%
2015 29,882 +1.66%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[4][5][6][7]


Every May, Peñaranda residents stage a musical drama called "Araquio", a re-enactment of Christians' quest led by Queen Helena and King Constantine for the Holy Cross where Jesus Christ was nailed. Actors and actresses garbed in colorful and cute costumes dramatize this century old tradition which features sword fights between the Christians and Moors.

Peñaranda is also known for its mouth-watering, native rice cakes such as espasol, putong puti and sapin-sapin .



  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: Nueva Ecija". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  4. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  6. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  7. ^ "Province of Nueva Ecija". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 

External links[edit]