Pea Ridge Union order of battle

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Colored print shows many soldiers dressed in gray uniforms, plus a few native Americans, charging other soldiers dressed in blue. The Blue forces at left are firing cannons at their attackers at right.
Battle of Pea Ridge

The Battle of Pea Ridge (March 7–8, 1862) saw a Confederate States Army led by Earl Van Dorn attack a Union Army commanded by Samuel Ryan Curtis in northwestern Arkansas. Van Dorn split his army into two columns under Sterling Price and Benjamin McCulloch and sent both circling behind the Union positions, forcing Curtis to face to his own rear. Curtis sent a division under Eugene Asa Carr northeast and two more divisions under Peter Joseph Osterhaus and Jefferson C. Davis to the northwest. On the first day, Price's attack drove Carr's troops back in brutal fighting near Elkhorn Tavern. The second attack miscarried when McCulloch and his second-in-command were killed and his third-in-command was captured. On the second day, preceded by an accurate artillery bombardment conducted by Franz Sigel, Curtis' army advanced and drove Van Dorn's forces from the field. The battle secured Missouri for the Union, though the state was afterward subjected to guerilla warfare and raiding columns.[1]

The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the battle. The Pea Ridge Confederate order of battle is shown separately.[2]

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]

Other[edit]

Army of the Southwest[edit]

Army Headquarters[edit]

BG Samuel R. Curtis

Units attached to Army Headquarters[3]
Division Brigade Unit Commander Killed Wounded Missing Casualties
Headquarters
BG Samuel R. Curtis
SamuelCurtis01.jpg
Not Brigaded 24th Missouri Volunteer Infantry
Companies A, B, F, H, I
Maj Eli W. Weston 3 16 7 26
3rd Regiment Iowa Volunteer Cavalry
Companies A, B, C, D, M
Col Cyrus Bussey 24[4] 17 9 50
Bowen’s Missouri Cavalry Battalion, 4 companies
4 12-pounder mountain howitzers
Maj William D. Bowen 1 3 2 6

First and Second Divisions[edit]

BG Franz Sigel

1st and 2nd Divisions: Franz Sigel[5]
Division Brigade Unit Commander Killed Wounded Missing Casualties
First Division
Col Peter J. Osterhaus
Peter J Osterhaus.jpg
First Brigade
Col Peter J. Osterhaus
25th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment Col William N. Coler 3 18 3 24
44th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment Col Charles Knobelsdorff 1 2 0 3
17th Missouri Volunteer Infantry, Company A detached Maj August H. Poten 0 2 8 10
Second Brigade
Col Nicholas Greusel
36th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment
Company F detached
Col Nicholas Greusel 4 37 34 75
12th Missouri Volunteer Infantry, Company E detached Maj Hugo Wangelin 3 29 2 34
Artillery 4th Independent Battery, Ohio Light Artillery
4 rifled 6-pounder guns & 2 12-pounder howitzers
Cpt Louis Hoffman 1 4 0 5
Welfley’s Independent Battery, Missouri Light Artillery
3 12-pounder howitzers & 2 12-pounder Napoleons
Cpt Martin Welfley 0 5 0 5
Second Division
BG Alexander Asboth (w)
ASAsboth.jpg
First Brigade
Col Frederick Schaefer
2nd Missouri Volunteer Infantry Ltc Bernard Laiboldt 8 34 12 54
15th Missouri Volunteer Infantry, Company B detached Col Francis J. Joliat 0 0 11 11
Not Brigaded 3rd Missouri Volunteer Infantry, Companies B, C, E Maj Joseph Conrad 0 0 0 0
4th Missouri Volunteer Cavalry
Companies A, C, D, E, F, I
Maj Emeric Meszaros 5 8 3 16
5th Missouri Volunteer Cavalry Col Joseph Nemett 3 11 3 17
Artillery 1st Missouri Flying Artillery Battery
4 rifled 6-pounder guns & 2 12-pounder howitzers
Cpt Gustavus M. Elbert 3 8 8 19
2nd Independent Battery, Ohio Light Artillery
4 6-pounder guns & 2 12-pounder howitzers
Lt William B. Chapman 1 2 0 3

Third and Fourth Divisions[edit]

3rd and 4th Divisions: Independent[6]
Division Brigade Unit Commander Killed Wounded Missing Casualties
Third Division
Col Jefferson C. Davis
Jefferson C. Davis.jpg
First Brigade
Col Thomas Pattison
8th Indiana Infantry Regiment Col William P. Benton 5 27 0 32
18th Regiment Indiana Infantry Ltc Henry D. Washburn 3 23 0 26
22nd Regiment Indiana Infantry
Company B detached
Ltc John A. Hendricks (k)
Maj David W. Daily, Jr.
9 33 0 42
1st Battery Indiana Light Artillery
4 rifled 6-pounder guns & 2 6-pounder guns
Cpt Martin Klauss 0 5 6 11
Second Brigade
Col Julius White
Brig General Julius White.jpg
37th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment Ltc Myron Barnes 20 121 3 144
59th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment Ltc Calvin H. Frederick 9 57 0 66
Battery A, 2nd Illinois Light Artillery
2 rifled 6-pounder guns & 2 6-pounder guns
& 2 12-pounder howitzers
Cpt Peter Davidson 0 17 0 17
Not Brigaded 1st Missouri Volunteer Cavalry Regiment
Companies B, F, G, H, I, K, L, M
Col Calvin A. Ellis 2 2 2 6
Fourth Division
Col Eugene A. Carr (w)
Eugene A. Carr, Brigadier General U.S.A., Brevet Major General U.S.A (cropped).jpg
First Brigade
Col Grenville M. Dodge (w)
GMDodge.jpg
4th Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment Ltc John Galligan (w) 18 139 3 160
35th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment Col Gustavus A. Smith (w)
Ltc William P. Chandler (w)
14 47 52 113
3rd Regiment Illinois Volunteer Cavalry Maj John McConnell 9 36 13 58
1st Independent Battery, Iowa Light Artillery
4 6-pounder guns & 2 12-pounder howitzers
Cpt Junius A. Jones (w)
Lt Virgil A. David
3 14 0 17
Second Brigade
Col William Vandever
William Vandever.jpg
9th Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment Ltc Francis J. Herron (w/c)
Maj William H. Coyl (w)
38 176 4 218
25th Missouri Volunteer Infantry Col John S. Phelps (w) 12 71 11 94
3rd Independent Battery, Iowa Light Artillery
4 6-pounder guns & 2 12-pounder howitzers
Cpt Mortimer M. Hayden 2 17 3 22

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Foote 1986, pp. 282–293.
  2. ^ Shea & Hess 1992, pp. 331–334.
  3. ^ Shea & Hess 1992, p. 334.
  4. ^ Shea & Hess 1992, p. 274, Curtis complained to Van Dorn that his native American warriors murdered the wounded.
  5. ^ Shea & Hess 1992, p. 331–332.
  6. ^ Shea & Hess 1992, pp. 332–334.

References[edit]

  • Foote, Shelby (1986). The Civil War A Narrative: Fort Sumter to Perryville. 1. New York, N.Y.: Random House. ISBN 0-394-74913-8.
  • Shea, William L.; Hess, Earl J. (1992). Pea Ridge: Civil War Campaign in the West. Chapel Hill, N.C.: The University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 0-8078-2042-3.

External links[edit]