|Last champions||Hamburger SV (1st)|
|Most successful club(s)||Olympique Lyonnais (1st)|
|2012 Peace Cup|
The Peace Cup is an invitational pre-season friendly football tournament for club teams, currently held every two years by the Sunmoon Peace Football Foundation. It is contested by the eight clubs from several continents, though 12 teams participated in 2009. The first three competitions were held in South Korea, and the 2009 Peace Cup Andalucia was held in Madrid and Andalusia, Spain. Previous winners are PSV, Tottenham Hotspur, Lyon, Aston Villa, and Hamburger SV who are current champions.
The tournament was originally organised and held in South Korea and contested in 2003, 2005, and 2007 between eight clubs from various countries, including the Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma, which is owned by the organizing company.
History and Cup format
Origins In The City Of Rome
The origin of the Peace cup is in a tournament that was held in Stadio Olimpico in Rome on September 10, 2000. 3 teams participated: AS Roma, Beitar Jerusalem, AlWaqass From Jordan. All 3 games were held in the same evening, each had 45 minutes length. Scores: Beitar Jerusalem -> AlWaqass 7-0: Scorers: Yaniv Abargil 3, Alon Mizrahi 2, Benjamin Haddad 1, Umar AlJabbaar 1 (OG), AS Roma -> AlWaqass 13:0: Scorers: Abel Balbo 4, Damiano Tommasi 1, Gaetano D'Agostino 2, Vincenzo Montella 6, AS roma -> Beitar Jerusalem 0-1: Scorer Yaniv Abargil. Beitar Jerusalem won the cup.
The second time that the Peace cup was held was also in Rome: held on September 3, 2001. 3 teams participated: ASEC Abidjan From Ivory Coast, Maccabi Haifa, SS Lazio. 3 games were held in the same evening, each had 45 minutes length. Scores: SS Lazio -> Maccabi Haifa 4:0: Scorrers: S. Inzaghi, Cesar, Berrettoni, Iván de la Peña, ASEC Abidjan -> Maccabi haifa 1:0: Scorrer: Kante Seydou, SS Lazio -> ASEC Abidjan 1:3: Scorers: F. Couto (SS Lazio) ; Kone Bakari, Beugre Haiba, Kossi (ASEC Abidjan). ASEC Abidjan won the cup.
New Format Made by South Koreans
Since 2003, the Peace Cup is being held every two years, the Sunmoon Peace Football Foundation invites football clubs from various nations. South Korea's Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma participates in every tournament as both the club and foundation are sponsored by the same organization, the Unification Church.
From 2003 to 2007, the Peace Cup was played between eight clubs, divided into two groups of four teams. The winner of each group qualified for the final, which was played in a single match. 2009 Peace Cup Andalucia was held in Spain, and 12 teams participated in the competition.
The fifth competition took place in South Korea in July 2012. In October 2012 it was announced that the Peace Cup will no longer be held, following the death of Unification Church founder Sun Myung Moon.
Controversy over naming
The original name of the competition was to be Sunmoon Peace Cup, named after Sun Myung Moon, the founder of the Sunmoon Peace Football Foundation. However, after being criticized that it was too religious, the organization changed its named to World Peace King Cup and started preparation for its first tournament. Before the inauguration of the cup, the Asian Football Confederation warned that the term "world" can only be used by competitions organized by FIFA, and "king" can be used by competitions held by a kingdom.
Summaries of previous tournaments
|2005||Tottenham Hotspur||3–1||Olympique Lyonnais|
|2009||Aston Villa||0–0 (aet) (4–3 p.)||Juventus|
||Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma|
Winners and finalists
|Olympique Lyonnais||1 (2007)||2 (2003, 2005)|
|PSV Eindhoven||1 (2003)||0|
|Tottenham Hotspur||1 (2005)||0|
|Aston Villa||1 (2009)||0|
|Hamburger SV||1 (2012)||0|
|Bolton Wanderers||0||1 (2007)|
|Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma||0||1 (2012)|
Most Valuable Players
The Golden ball is awarded to the player on the basis of a vote taken among the media accredited to each Peace Cup tournament. There are also Silver Ball and Bronze Ball for the second and third best players respectively.
|Year||Golden Ball||Silver Ball||Bronze Ball|
|2005||Robbie Keane||Mido||Lee Young-Pyo|
|2007||Karim Benzema||Jussi Jääskeläinen||Nicolas Anelka|
|2009||Ashley Young||Hulk||Marc Albrighton|
|2003||Mark van Bommel||PSV||2|
|2005||Robbie Keane||Tottenham Hotspur||4|
|2012||Mitchell Schet||FC Groningen||2|
- Warming Up for the Kick-off, Wall Street Journal, August 2, 2010
- "Jerez se convierte hoy en una de las sedes oficiales de la 'Peace Cup 2009'" (in Spanish). AndaluciaPress. Archived from the original on April 22, 2009. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- "Peace Cup might go to Spain". The Washington Times. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- "Peace Queen Cup 2006". RSSSF. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- Ynet Report: (Hebrew) http://www.ynet.co.il/articles/1,7340,L-105769,FF.html
- Beitar Jerusalem's Report: (Hebrew) http://www.beitar-jerusalem.org.il/news/news0900.htm#i7
- Walla Report: (Hebrew) http://news.walla.co.il/item/19745
- RSSSF Report about 2000 and 2001 tournaments including standings tables , scorrers , winners, referred to as "Shalom Cup" the Hebrew name: http://www.rsssf.com/tabless/shalom-roma.html (ERROR in source: hapoel tel aviv is mentioned in the bottom of standing table of 2001 tournament , instead of Maccabi Haifa that is mentioned above.)
- 국제 클럽축구대항전 피스컵, 2012년 한국 개최. Sports Seoul (in Korean). Naver. 2011-08-02. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
- Church Scraps Peace Cup, Super Sport, October 29, 2012
- "History of Peace Cup" (in Korean). Retrieved 2009-08-02.
- "Sundowns in Peace Cup". BBC. 2005-01-27. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- "Galaxy to compete in inaugural World Peace King Cup". USA Today. 2003-02-05. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
- "Peace Cup History". Goal.com. Retrieved 15 July 2009.
- "who will win the gold?" (in Korean). media daum. 2007-07-19. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- "Park Ji-Sung gets Golden Ball" (in Korean). hani.co.kr. Retrieved 2009-07-15.