Kijŏng-dong, Kijŏngdong, or Kijŏng tong is a supposed village in P'yŏnghwa-ri (Korean: 평화리; Hanja: 平和里), Kaesong-si,[a] North Korea. It is situated in the North's half of the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ). Also known in North Korea as Peace Village (Korean: 평화촌; Hanja: 平和村; MR: p'yŏnghwach'on), it has been widely referred to as 'Propaganda Village' (Korean: 선전마을; Hanja: 宣傳마을; RR: seonjeon maeul) by those outside North Korea, especially in South Korean and Western media.
Kijŏng-dong is one of two villages permitted to remain in the 4-kilometre-wide (2.5 mi) DMZ set up under the 1953 armistice during the Korean War; the other is the South Korean village of Daeseong-dong, 2.22 kilometers (1.38 mi) away.
The North Korean government says the village contains a 200-family collective farm, serviced by a child care center, kindergarten, primary and secondary schools, and a hospital. However, the South says the town is an uninhabited village built in the 1950s in a propaganda effort to encourage South Korean defection and to house the DPRK soldiers manning the network of artillery positions, fortifications and underground marshalling bunkers that surround the border zone.
The village features a number of brightly painted, poured-concrete multi-story buildings and apartments, many apparently wired for electricity. The town was oriented so that the bright blue roofs and white sides of the buildings next to the massive DPRK flag would be the most distinguishing features when viewed from across the border. Scrutiny with modern telescopic lenses, however, has led to the conclusion that the buildings are concrete shells lacking window glass or even interior rooms, with building lights turned on and off at set times and empty sidewalks swept by caretakers in an effort to preserve the illusion of activity.
The village is surrounded by extensive cultivated fields clearly visible to visitors to the North Korean side of the DMZ.
The North Korean government responded by building an even taller one, the Panmunjom flagpole, at 160 m (525 ft) with a 270 kg (595 lb) flag of North Korea in Kijŏng-dong, 1.2 km (0.7 mi) across the demarcation line from South Korea ( ), in what some have called the "flagpole war". For over a decade, the flagpole was the tallest supported flagpole in the world. In 2010, the flagpole became the second tallest flagpole in the world at the time, after the National Flag Square in Baku, Azerbaijan at 162 m (531 ft). It is now the fifth tallest and tallest supported flagpole in the world.
Massive loudspeakers mounted on several of the buildings deliver DPRK propaganda broadcasts directed towards the South. Originally the content extolled the North's virtues in great detail and urged disgruntled soldiers and farmers simply to walk across the border to be received as brothers. Eventually, as its value in inducing defections proved minimal, the content was switched to condemnatory anti-Western speeches, agitprop operas, and patriotic marching music for up to 20 hours a day. For a period from 2004 to 2016, both North and South agreed to end their loudspeaker broadcasts at each other. The broadcasts have since resumed after escalating tensions as a result of the January 2016 nuclear test.
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Kijong-dong was built specially in the north area of DMZ. Designed to show the superiority of the communist model, it has no residents except soldiers.
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- [ Kijong-dong Village. Is it or isn't it real ?]