A peanut gallery was, in the days of vaudeville, a nickname for the cheapest and ostensibly rowdiest seats in the theater, the occupants of which were often known to heckle the performers. The least expensive snack served at the theatre would often be peanuts, which the patrons would sometimes throw at the performers on stage to convey their disapproval. Phrases such as "no comments from the peanut gallery" or "quiet in the peanut gallery" are extensions of the name.
In popular culture
In 1943 the Howdy Doody children's radio show adopted the name for its live audience of children. Howdy Doody is most remembered for its later transition to television, which continued the Peanut Gallery audience, then on camera.
"Peanut gallery" may have been the source of the name for Charles Schulz's comic strip, Peanuts: a name Schulz bitterly resented and never understood. Schulz had wanted to keep the strip's original name, Li'l Folks. However, United Features Syndicate pointed out that that name had been used before. Thus, Peanuts was chosen.
A similar term was introduced to Brazilian football by coach Luiz Felipe Scolari. He called Palmeiras' complaining audience that sat in the closest seats "peanut gang" (Portuguese: Turma do Amendoim).
- Rowland, Ian (April 1999). "What's the origin of the expression 'peanut gallery'?". The Straight Dope. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
- Flexner, Stuart Berg (1982). Listening to America: An Illustrated History of Words and Phrases from Our Lively and Splendid Past. Simon and Schuster. p. 438. ISBN 9780671248956.
- Smith, Andrew F. (2002). Peanuts: The Illustrious History of the Goober Pea. University of Illinois Press. p. 129. ISBN 978-0-252-02553-2.
- Michaelis, David (2007). Schulz and Peanuts: A Biography. New York: HarperCollins. p. 219. ISBN 978-0-06-621393-4.
- "Frequently Asked Questions: The Peanuts Comic Strip". Charles M. Schulz Museum. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
- Inge, M. Thomas (2000). Charles M. Schulz: Conversations. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi. p. 146. ISBN 1-57806-304-3.
- "Felipão criou o apelido "Turma do Amendoim" no Palmeiras; leia trecho" [Felipão created the ‘Peanut gang’ nickname: read passage]. Folha de S. Paulo (in Portuguese). Folha da manhã. Folha Online. November 9, 2009. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
- C. J. Dennis (1914). "The Play (from Songs of a Sentimental Bloke)". Retrieved September 19, 2022.
- The dictionary definition of peanut gallery at Wiktionary