Pear Tree, Derby

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"Pear Tree" redirects here. For the tree, see Pear.
Pear Tree
Pear Tree terrace.jpg
Crewe Street, a typical terraced street in Pear Tree
Pear Tree is located in Derbyshire
Pear Tree
Pear Tree
 Pear Tree shown within Derbyshire
District Derby
Shire county Derbyshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town DERBY
Postcode district DE23
Dialling code 01332
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Derby South[1]
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire

Coordinates: 52°54′00″N 1°28′19″W / 52.899972°N 1.472082°W / 52.899972; -1.472082

Pear Tree (or Peartree) is an inner city suburb of the city of Derby, in Derbyshire, England, located about 1.2 miles (1.9 km) south of the city centre. Neighbouring suburbs include Litchurch, Normanton and Osmaston. The area became urbanised in the late 19th century and is characterised by terraced housing originally built for industrial workers.

History[edit]

The suburb derives its name from Pear Tree Farm which formerly existed in the area, and was owned by the Peach family from the 18th century. Much of the farmland was sold off for development in the 1860s and 1870s, and the farmhouse demolished. Streets of terraced housing were built up to accommodate workers, industry having been encouraged to develop by the opening of the Birmingham and Derby Junction Railway, which skirts the eastern side of Pear Tree, in 1839. Local businessman Francis Ley opened his Vulcan Iron Works on a site next to the railway line in 1874. It expanded massively in subsequent decades and was a major employer in the area until it was closed and demolished in 1986. Although the demise of Ley's has allowed for some modern redevelopment, much of the original terraced housing typical of the area is of a good quality and has survived.[2]

Like neighbouring Normanton, Pear Tree now has a large multicultural community, with a particularly high number of residents of Asian origin.

Government[edit]

Pear Tree is mainly located within Arboretum Ward, one of the seventeen wards which make up Derby. The ward elects three councillors to Derby City Council. As of the 2015 local elections, all three councillors for Arboretum represent the Labour Party.[3]

In the 19th century, much of Pear Tree was part of the township and civil parish of Litchurch, which existed independently of Derby between 1860 and 1888 before being integrated into the newly-created civil parish and county borough of Derby.[4][5]

In the Parliament of the United Kingdom, Arboretum is one of the wards that make up the constituency of Derby South.

Geography[edit]

Pear Tree is an inner city suburb located about 1.2 miles (1.9 km) south of Derby city centre and about 1.1 miles (1.8 km) south-west of the River Derwent. The area is approximately 177 feet (54 m) above sea level.

Landmarks[edit]

Sculpture by Denis O'Connor marking the site of the Baseball Ground

Until recently, Pear Tree's most famous landmark was the Baseball Ground, home of Derby's professional football club, Derby County F.C., for most of the twentieth century. However, the stadium was demolished in 2004 having been largely unused since the club's departure to Pride Park some seven years earlier. The site is now being developed to provide private housing and some social with landscaped grounds and a memorial to the site's historic past.

Famous residents[edit]

Peace activist Alice Wheeldon lived on Pear Tree Road, where her family home sheltered conscientious objectors avoiding conscription during the First World War. She was convicted of plotting to assassinate Prime Minister David Lloyd George.[6]

Steve Bloomer was a footballer for Derby County, Midlesbrough and England. Born in Cradley, Worcestershire, he moved to Derby as a child, living at a number of addresses in Pear Tree and Normanton and attending the Pear Tree and St James' Road schools.[7] The Bloomer family lived at 35 Portland Street in Pear Tree towards the end of his playing days.

Another famous resident and footballer was John (Jack) Bowers (1908-1970) who played for Derby County between 1928 and 1936 and during this time appeared three times for England. He then joined Leicester City but his career was interrupted by the Second World War. From 1943 he spent two years as coach to Notts County youth team and then returned to Derby County as assistant trainer. He lived on Pear Tree Road with his wife (born Edith Mason) where they kept a china shop. Where their home was is now a park. They had two children, John and Susan. The son, John, also played for Derby County and was on the unveiling committee when the clock from the Baseball Ground was installed in its new position at Pride Park in 2009. [8]

Transport[edit]

The main railway line from Derby to Birmingham, part of the Cross Country Route, forms the eastern boundary of the area. Peartree railway station, located to the south-east of Pear Tree on Osmaston Park Road, is located on the line but is only served by a limited number of stopping trains on the Crewe to Derby route. The station, which originally opened in 1839, is managed by East Midlands Trains.[9] North of Peartree on the line is Ramsline Halt, which was briefly used in the 1990s for Football Specials serving the Baseball Ground but is now disused.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ordnance Survey Election Maps website". Ordnance Survey. 
  2. ^ Craven, Maxwell (1996). The Illustrated History of Derby's Suburbs. Derby: Breedon Books. pp. 130–132. ISBN 1 85983 031 5. 
  3. ^ "Councillors". Derby City Council. Retrieved 5 June 2015. 
  4. ^ Craven, Maxwell (2005). Derby Street by Street. Derby: Breedon Books. ISBN 1-85983-426-4. 
  5. ^ "Litchurch CP/Tn". A Vision of Britain Through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 5 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Fight to clear Derby suffragette Alice Wheeldon's name". BBC News. 19 January 2012. Retrieved 8 June 2015. 
  7. ^ Rippon, Nicola (2013). Derbyshire's Own. Stroud: History Press. p. 24. ISBN 978-0-7509-5324-5. 
  8. ^ http://www.dcfc.co.uk/page/125News/0,,10270~1597537,00.html)
  9. ^ "Peartree (PEA)". National Rail Enquiries. Retrieved 6 June 2015.