Pearl Calahasen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Pearl Calahasen
20130902-Pearl Calahasen.jpg
Member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta for Lesser Slave Lake
In office
March 20, 1989 – May 5, 2015
Preceded by Larry Shaben
Succeeded by Danielle Larivee
Alberta Minister of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development
In office
March 15, 2001 – December 15, 2006
Preceded by 'Ministry Established
Succeeded by Guy Boutilier
Alberta Associate Minister of Aboriginal Affairs
In office
May 26, 1999 – March 15, 2001
Succeeded by 'Ministry Abolished
Alberta Minister without Portfolio in charge of Children's Services
In office
May 31, 1996 – May 26, 1999
Succeeded by Iris Evans
Personal details
Born (1952-12-05) December 5, 1952 (age 65)
Grouard, Alberta
Political party Progressive Conservative
Alma mater University of Alberta
University of Oregon

Pearl Calahasen (born December 5, 1952) is a Canadian politician, who represented the electoral district of Lesser Slave Lake in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta from 1989 to 2015. A member of the Progressive Conservative party and former cabinet minister (holding the positions of Minister without Portfolio in charge of Children's Services, Associate Minister of Aboriginal Affairs, and Minister of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development). Calahasen was the first Métis woman elected to public office in Alberta, and after the 2012 Alberta election, she was Alberta's longest currently-serving MLA.

Early life[edit]

Calahasen was born in 1952[1] and raised in Grouard, Alberta.[2] She attended the University of Alberta, from which she received a Bachelor of Education, and the University of Oregon, from which she received a master's degree.[2]

Political career[edit]

Electoral record[edit]

Calahasen first sought election in the 1989 Alberta election, when she ran as the Progressive Conservative candidates in the riding of Lesser Slave Lake.[3] She won a plurality of votes, capturing 47.6% and defeating her nearest rival, Liberal Denise Wahlstrom, by nearly one thousand votes.[3] This was the closest election of her political career to date; in subsequent elections, she won shares of the votes ranging from 55.5% (in the 1993 election) to 74.2% (in the 2001 election).[3]

At the time of her election in 1989, Calahasen was the first Métis woman elected to public office in Alberta.[4]

Cabinet roles[edit]

Calahasen served as a backbencher in Ralph Klein's government until 1996, when Klein appointed her Minister without Portfolio responsible for Children's Services.[5] She served in this capacity until 1999, when she was shuffled to the position of Associate Minister of Aboriginal Affairs.[6] In 2001 she was promoted to full minister, of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development.[7] Calahasen initially supported Lyle Oberg in the 2006 P.C. leadership election,[8] but switched her endorsement to Ed Stelmach after Oberg dropped off the ballot;[9] despite this support, she was not included in Stelmach's cabinet once he became premier in 2006.[10]

Legislative initiatives[edit]

Calahasen has sponsored a number of bills over her career in the legislature.

As a backbencher[edit]

Despite not being a member of cabinet, in 1990, Calahasen sponsored the Metis Settlements Act, a government bill which incorporated Métis settlements as a new class of municipality.[11] It passed with the support of the opposition, although New Democrat Bob Hawkesworth expressed concern that the settlements were not given sufficient autonomy from government.[12] The same year, she sponsored the Nechi Community College Act, a private bill that would have established the Nechi Community College but did not reach second reading.[13][14]

In 1995, Calahasen sponsored the Colin Chor Wee Chew Legal Articles Act, another private bill which didn't progress to second reading.[15] She also sponsored the Public Health Amendment Act, designed to allow nurse practitioners to fulfill some of the functions of doctors in communities in which doctors were in short supply.[16] The bill passed with the support of the opposition Liberals, but some members, including Terry Kirkland, Colleen Soetaert, Percy Wickman, Gary Dickson, Lance White, and Howard Sapers, argued that the bill left out too many details and left the details in the realm of legislation, inappropriately empowering bureaucrats at the expense of the legislature.[16][17]

As a minister[edit]

As Associate Minister of Aboriginal Affairs, Calahasen sponsored the First Nations Sacred Ceremonial Objects Repatriation Act, a 2000 government bill that allowed for the repatriation of first nations artifacts.[18] It passed with full opposition support.[19]

Election results[edit]

1989 general election[edit]

Alberta general election, 1989: Lesser Slave Lake
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Pearl Calahasen 3,249 47.58% -9.62%
Liberal Denise Wahlstrom 2,286 33.47%
New Democratic Philip Lukken 1,294 18.95% -23.85%
Total 6,829 100.00%
Rejected, spoiled and declined 9
Eligible electors / Turnout 12,074 56.63% +17.38%
Progressive Conservative hold Swing -16.74%
Source(s)
"Lesser Slave Lake Official Results 1989 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 1, 2010. 

1993 general election[edit]

Alberta general election, 1993: Lesser Slave Lake
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Pearl Calahasen 4,260 55.48% +7.90%
Liberal Denise Wahlstrom 3,093 40.28% +6.81%
New Democratic Larry Sakaluk 326 4.24% -14.71%
Total 7,679 100.00%
Rejected, spoiled and declined 24
Eligible electors / Turnout 12,743 60.48% +3.85%
Progressive Conservative hold Swing +7.36%
Source(s)
"Lesser Slave Lake Official Results 1993 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved March 1, 2010. 

1997 general election[edit]

Alberta general election, 1997: Lesser Slave Lake
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Pearl Calahasen 3,389 60.58% +5.10%
Liberal Ralph Chalifoux 1,139 20.36% -19.92%
Social Credit Robert Alford 624 11.16%
New Democratic Glenn Laboucan 442 7.90% +3.66%
Total 5,594 100.00%
Rejected, spoiled and declined 23
Eligible electors / Turnout 13,368 42.09% -18.39%
Progressive Conservative hold Swing +12.51%
Source(s)
"1997 general election". Elections Alberta. Retrieved January 15, 2012. 

2001 general election[edit]

Alberta general election, 2001: Lesser Slave Lake
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Pearl Calahasen 4,766 74.16% +13.58%
Liberal Rick Noel 1,429 22.23% +1.87%
New Democratic Doris Bannister 232 3.61% -4.29%
Total 6,427 100.00%
Rejected, spoiled and declined 47
Eligible electors / Turnout 14,185 45.64% +3.55%
Progressive Conservative hold Swing +7.73%
Source(s)
"Lesser Slave Lake Official Results 2001 Alberta general election" (PDF). Elections Alberta. Retrieved March 27, 2010. 

2004 general election[edit]

Alberta general election, 2004: Lesser Slave Lake
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Pearl Calahasen 3,903 64.94% -9.22%
Alberta Alliance Valerie Rahn 969 16.12%
Liberal Jonathan Plackaitis 530 8.82% -13.41%
New Democratic Doris Bannister 354 5.89% 2.28%
Greens Ian Hopfe 254 4.23%
Total 6,010 100.00%
Rejected, spoiled and declined 57
Eligible electors / Turnout 19,259 31.50% -14.14%
Progressive Conservative hold Swing -12.67%
Source(s)
"Lesser Slave Lake Statement of Official Results 2004 Alberta general election" (PDF). Elections Alberta. Retrieved January 15, 2012. 

2008 general election[edit]

Alberta general election, 2008: Lesser Slave Lake
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Pearl Calahasen 3,384 65.18% +0.24%
Liberal Steve Noskey 1,109 21.36% +12.54%
New Democratic Habby Sharkawi 426 8.21% +2.32%
Greens Bonnie Raho 273 5.26% +1.03%
Total 5,192 100.00%
Rejected, spoiled and declined 43
Eligible electors / Turnout 20,310 25.78% -5.72%
Progressive Conservative hold Swing -6.39%
Source(s)
The Report on the March 3, 2008 Provincial General Election of the Twenty-seventh Legislative Assembly. Elections Alberta. July 28, 2008. pp. 462–467. 

2012 general election[edit]

Alberta general election, 2012: Lesser Slave Lake
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative Pearl Calahasen 3,518 48.71% -16.47%
Wildrose Darryl Boisson 2,847 39.42%
New Democratic Steve Kaz 427 5.91% -2.30%
Liberal Steven Townsend 235 3.25% -9.29%
Independent Donald G. Bissell 195 2.70%
Total 7,222 100.00%
Rejected, spoiled and declined 50
Eligible electors / Turnout 18,723 38.84% +13.06%
Progressive Conservative hold Swing -27.95%

2015 general election[edit]

results by polling division, 2015
Alberta general election, 2015: Lesser Slave Lake
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
New Democratic Danielle Larivee 3,915 43.23% +37.32%
Wildrose Darryl Boisson 3,198 35.31% -4.11%
Progressive Conservative Pearl Calahasen 1,944 21.46% -27.25%
Total valid votes 9,057 100.00%
Rejected, spoiled and declined 50
Eligible voters / Turnout 20,277 44.91% +6.07%
New Democratic gain from Progressive Conservative Swing +32.29%
Source(s)
"2015 Provincial General Election Results". Elections Alberta. Archived from the original on 2017-07-30. Retrieved 2017-07-30. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alberta Teachers' Association (October 1989). A Guide to Alberta's 22nd Legislature. 
  2. ^ a b "Pearl Calahasen's Legislative Assembly of Alberta biography". Archived from the original on October 5, 2006. Retrieved 2009-10-05. 
  3. ^ a b c "Alberta's past election results". Retrieved 2008-03-06. 
  4. ^ "National Aboriginal Achievement Awards biography of Pearl Calahasen". Archived from the original on 2007-12-06. Retrieved 2008-04-15. 
  5. ^ "Alberta Teacher's Association account of the 1996 cabinet shuffle". Retrieved 2008-04-14. [dead link]
  6. ^ "Alberta Teachers' Association account of the 1999 cabinet shuffle". Retrieved 2008-04-14. [dead link]
  7. ^ "Legislative Reports (Alberta)". Canadian Parliamentary Review. 24 (2). Summer 2001. Retrieved 2008-04-15. 
  8. ^ "News and Comment, Turtle Island Native Network". Retrieved 2008-04-15. 
  9. ^ "Artists for Dinning, MLA Pham for Morton". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. November 29, 2006. Retrieved 2018-06-02. 
  10. ^ "Stelmach names smaller cabinet". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. December 15, 2006. Retrieved 2018-06-02. 
  11. ^ https://www.assembly.ab.ca/ISYS/LADDAR_files%5Cdocs%5Chansards%5Chan%5Clegislature_22%5Csession_2%5C19900605_2000_01_han.pdf |chapter-url= missing title (help) (PDF). Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Legislative Assembly of Alberta. June 5, 1990. 
  12. ^ https://www.assembly.ab.ca/ISYS/LADDAR_files%5Cdocs%5Chansards%5Chan%5Clegislature_22%5Csession_2%5C19900626_2000_01_han.pdf |chapter-url= missing title (help) (PDF). Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Legislative Assembly of Alberta. June 26, 1990. 
  13. ^ https://www.assembly.ab.ca/ISYS/LADDAR_files%5Cdocs%5Chansards%5Chan%5Clegislature_22%5Csession_2%5C19900424_1430_01_han.pdf |chapter-url= missing title (help) (PDF). Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Legislative Assembly of Alberta. April 24, 1990. 
  14. ^ "Bill Status Report for the 22nd Legislature - 2nd Session (1990)" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-04-15. 
  15. ^ "Bill Status Report for the 23rd Legislature - 3rd Session (1995)" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-04-15. 
  16. ^ a b https://www.assembly.ab.ca/ISYS/LADDAR_files%5Cdocs%5Chansards%5Chan%5Clegislature_23%5Csession_3%5C19950411_2000_01_han.pdf |chapter-url= missing title (help) (PDF). Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Legislative Assembly of Alberta. April 11, 1995. 
  17. ^ https://www.assembly.ab.ca/ISYS/LADDAR_files%5Cdocs%5Chansards%5Chan%5Clegislature_23%5Csession_3%5C19950426_2000_01_han.pdf |chapter-url= missing title (help) (PDF). Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Legislative Assembly of Alberta. April 26, 1995. 
  18. ^ https://www.assembly.ab.ca/ISYS/LADDAR_files%5Cdocs%5Chansards%5Chan%5Clegislature_24%5Csession_4%5C20000306_1330_01_han.pdf |chapter-url= missing title (help) (PDF). Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Legislative Assembly of Alberta. March 6, 2000. 
  19. ^ https://www.assembly.ab.ca/ISYS/LADDAR_files%5Cdocs%5Chansards%5Chan%5Clegislature_24%5Csession_4%5C20000418_2000_01_han.pdf |chapter-url= missing title (help) (PDF). Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Legislative Assembly of Alberta. April 18, 2000. 

External links[edit]

Alberta Provincial Government of Ralph Klein
Cabinet posts (3)
Predecessor Office Successor
' Minister without portfolio responsible for Children's Services
1996–1999
Iris Evans was given the title "Minister of Children's Services" rather than being considered a minister without portfolio.
Iris Evans
' Associate Minister of Aboriginal Affairs
1999–2001
Position abolished
New portfolio Minister of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development
2001–2006
Guy Boutilier