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Pearl River

Coordinates: 22°46′N 113°38′E / 22.767°N 113.633°E / 22.767; 113.633
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(Redirected from Pearl River (China))
Pearl River (珠江)
Canton River (粤江; 粵江)
Pearl River in Humen near Humen Town
The course of the Pearl River system through China and Vietnam
CountryChina, Vietnam
ProvinceYunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi, Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macau, Cao Bằng, Lạng Sơn
Physical characteristics
Sourcevarious sources of its tributaries
MouthSouth China Sea
 • location
and Guangdong
Length2,400 km (1,500 mi)
Basin size453,700 km2 (175,200 sq mi)[1]
 • average9,500 m3/s (340,000 cu ft/s)[2]
 • maximum34,000 m3/s (1,200,000 cu ft/s)
Pearl River
Canton River
Traditional Chinese粵江
Simplified Chinese粤江
Literal meaningGuangdong River

The Pearl River (Chinese: 珠江; pinyin: Zhūjiāng; lit. 'pearl river', or 粤江; 粵江; Yuèjiāng; 'Yue river') is an extensive river system in southern China. "Pearl River" is often also used as a catch-all for the watersheds of the Pearl tributaries within Guangdong, specifically the Xi ('west'), Bei ('north'), and Dong ('east'). These rivers all ultimately flow into the South China Sea through the Pearl River Delta. Measured from the farthest reaches of the Xi River, the 2,400-kilometer-long (1,500 mi) Pearl River system constitutes China's third-longest, after the Yangtze River and the Yellow River, and its second largest by volume, after the Yangtze. The 453,700 km2 (175,200 sq mi) Pearl River Basin drains the majority of Guangdong and Guangxi provinces (collectively known as Liangguang), as well as parts of Yunnan, Guizhou, Hunan and Jiangxi; it also drains the northernmost parts of Vietnam's Northeast Cao Bằng and Lạng Sơn provinces. The Pearl River is famed as the river that flows through Guangzhou.

As well as referring to the system as a whole, the Pearl River name is applied to a specific branch within it. This Pearl River is the widest distributary within the delta, although notably short; the waters that converge east of the Bei are first referred to as the Pearl River just north of Guangzhou. The Pearl River's estuary, Bocca Tigris, is regularly dredged so as to keep it open for ocean vessels. The mouth of the Pearl River forms a large bay in the southeast of the delta, the Pearl River Estuary, the Bocca Tigris separates Shiziyang in the north, Lingdingyang in the south, and Jiuzhouyang at the southern tip of the estuary surrounded by the Wanshan Archipelago. This bay separates Macau and Zhuhai from Hong Kong and Shenzhen.

The name "Pearl River" comes from the pearl-colored shells that lie within the Pearl's riverbed as it flows through the city of Guangzhou. A 500 kV power line, suspended from three of the tallest pylons in the world, crosses the river near the Nansha Bridge.

River Pearl and Canton Tower

Image gallery[edit]




In culture[edit]

Numerous brands are named after the river. The Zhujiang Brewery in Guangzhou is one of the three largest domestic breweries in China, and Pearl River Bridge is a popular food manufacturer in the city.

See also[edit]



  1. ^ "珠江概况". 珠江水利网. Archived from the original on 2013-01-22. Retrieved 2013-03-08.
  2. ^ "Chapter 5: Plate D-6 — GES DISC: Goddard Earth Sciences, Data & Information Services Center". Disc.sci.gsfc.nasa.gov. Archived from the original on 2013-02-03. Retrieved 2012-11-08.

22°46′N 113°38′E / 22.767°N 113.633°E / 22.767; 113.633