Pearl powder

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Pearl powder (Chinese: 珍珠粉; pinyin: zhēnzhū fěn) is a preparation of crushed pearls used in China and elsewhere for skin care and in traditional Chinese medicine.

Preparation[edit]

Pearl powder is made from freshwater pearls or saltwater pearls below jewellery grade. These are sterilised in boiling water[1] and then milled into a fine powder using stainless steel grinding discs or by milling with small porcelain balls in moist conditions.[2] The powder is sold as such or mixed into creams.[3]

Cosmetic uses[edit]

Pearl powder is widely believed to help improve the appearance of the skin, and is used as a cosmetic by royal families in Asia.[3] It is also used as a treatment for acne. Some studies have claimed that pearl powder can stimulate the skin's fibroblasts, help regenerate collagen, and accelerate healing of certain skin conditions, wounds and burns.[4]

Medical uses[edit]

Pearl powder contains a number of amino acids, over 30 trace minerals,[4] and a high concentration of calcium.[3] In Chinese medicine, it is used as an anti-inflammatory and detoxification agent, and as a relaxant.[5]

The calcium content is considered beneficial for calcium deficient persons with issues such as osteoporosis. A typical dose is 1 gram of pearl powder taken by mouth, traditionally mixed into water or tea, twice weekly. Excessive doses may cause calcium toxicity.[3]

The powder is also used to treat stomach and intestinal conditions such as indigestion and chronic constipation. It is claimed to minimize pain from sores and ulcers, and to help reduce the sores and ulcers themselves.[3]

History[edit]

China[edit]

The use in China of pearl powder, both as medicine and as cosmetic, dates back at least to 320 AD. Pearl powder was an ingredient in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), in the treatment of eye diseases, tuberculosis and to prevent heart attacks. The empress Wu Ze Tian (625 AD – 705 AD) used pearl powder internally and on her skin. The medical book Bencao Gangmu of the Ming dynasty claimed that pearl can stimulate new skin growth and healing, release toxins, and remove sun damage and age spots.[4]

India[edit]

Pearl powder was also used in Ayurvedic medicine in the Indian subcontinent. Narahari, a physician of Kashmir, wrote in about 1240 that the pearl was an antidote to poisons, cured conditions of the eyes, consumption and "morbid disturbances", and increased general strength and health.[6] Powdered pearl was also an ingredient of love potions.[7] An Indian pharmacological work published in 1903 listed the powder as a tonic, stimulant and aphrodisiac.[8]

Philippines[edit]

In the Philippines from pre-colonial times, selected youths called binukot they are special typeof princes and princesses that were kept in seclusion and hidden from the sun in order to have fair and white skin. The binukot were fed crushed pearl powders to enhance the fairness and luminosity of their skin. Crushed pearl powder was also applied to their face and body to make their skin more pale and firm.[citation needed]

Europe[edit]

In medieval Europe, pearl powder was widely perceived to have therapeutic qualities. It was used in an attempt to treat the insanity of Charles VI of France (1368–1422), and the fever of which Lorenzo de Medici died in 1492.[9] Seventeenth-century German and English works claimed its effectiveness in a wide range of physical and mental conditions.[10] Francis Bacon (1561–1626) recommended it as a means of prolonging life.[9] Pearl powder was also used as a skin whitener by women in Europe during the nineteenth century;[4][11] one work, however, deprecated it as imparting a "pale, sickly hue", as well as being injurious to the skin and general health.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Carducci, Lisa (2002). As Great as the World: This is China. 五洲传播出版社. pp. 169–170. ISBN 9787508500966. 
  2. ^ Acton, Q. Ashton (2013). Iron Compounds—Advances in Research and Application: 2013 Edition: ScholarlyBrief. Scholarly Editions. pp. 203–204. ISBN 9781481689144. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Jamie Ott, "Pearl powder: Eat it, wear it, brush your teeth with it", examiner.com, March 10, 2011
  4. ^ a b c d "The use of pearl powder for beautiful, youthful skin through the ages". WHITERskin, 27 April 2014. 
  5. ^ Mao, Shing Ni (2011). The Natural Health Dictionary: Your comprehensive A-to Z guide for healing with herbs, nutrition, supplements, and secret remedies. Ask Dr. Mao. 
  6. ^ "The Book of the Pearl", p. 308
  7. ^ Conway, D.J.; Conway, Brian Ed. (2011). Crystal Enchantments: A Complete Guide to Stones and Their Magical Properties. Potter/TenSpeed/Harmony. p. 158. ISBN 9780307785862. 
  8. ^ "The Book of the Pearl", p. 310
  9. ^ a b "The Book of the Pearl", p. 313
  10. ^ "The Book of the Pearl", p. 312
  11. ^ Adams, Samuel; Adams, Sarah (1825). The Complete Servant: Being a Practical Guide to the Peculiar Duties and Business of All Descriptions of Servants ... with Useful Receipts and Tables. Knight & Lacey. p. 164. 
  12. ^ The Magazine of Domestic Economy, Volume 3. W.S. Orr & Company. 1838. p. 100. 
  • George Frederick Kunz & Charles Hugh Stevenson (1908), "The Book of the Pearl: Its History, Art, Science, and Industry", Courier Corporation. ISBN 9780486422763