Green chromide

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Green chromide
Karimeen (green chromide) caught from Ashtamudi Lake
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Cichlidae
Genus: Etroplus
Species: E. suratensis
Binomial name
Etroplus suratensis
(Bloch, 1790)

The green chromide (Etroplus suratensis) is a species of cichlid fish from freshwater and brackish water in southern India and Sri Lanka.[1] It is also known as the pearlspot or karimeen (കരിമീന്‍‌) in Malayalam, koral in Bengali, kundal in Oriya and Kalundar in Konkani. Green chromide can be a perfect fish for Pisciculture[citation needed]. In India, it is found throughout Kerala, especially in Kerala backwaters around Alleppey (Alappuzha), Kottayam, Quilon (Kollam), and in western flowing rivers in Karnataka, backwaters of Andhra Pradesh and Chilika lake. It feeds on algae, plant material and insects.

Etroplus suratensis Day 89.jpg
Green chromide (കരിമീന്‍‌)

The fish, known locally in Kerala as karimeen, is considered a delicacy.[2] Some of the prominent dishes are the Karemeen Fry, Karemeen Molly and Karemeen Pollichathu. This fish is fairly expensive and is available throughout the year. It is caught mainly using gillnets. It commonly reaches 20 centimetres (7.9 in) in length, and the maximum length is twice that.[1]

In 2010 state fisheries minister of Kerala declared karimeen as the official fish of Kerala state. Year 2010-'11 was observed as 'The Year of the Karimeen". Karemeen Polichathu is commonly wrapped in banana leaves.[3]


  1. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2011). "Etroplus suratensis" in FishBase. July 2011 version.
  2. ^ Fresh water fish
  3. ^ "Karimeen leaps from frying pan to State fish". The Hindu. July 9, 2010. Retrieved 20 November 2012. 

External links[edit]

very tasty