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Petzen Bergmassiv VoelkermarkterStausee.jpg
Petzen, seen from the northwest
Highest point
Elevation 2,126 m (6,975 ft) [1]
Prominence 882 m (2,894 ft) [2]
Isolation 18.4 kilometres (11.4 mi)
Coordinates 46°30′N 14°47′E / 46.500°N 14.783°E / 46.500; 14.783Coordinates: 46°30′N 14°47′E / 46.500°N 14.783°E / 46.500; 14.783
Petzen is located in Alps
Location in the Alps
Location Austria / Slovenia
Parent range Karawanks

Petzen (German) or Peca (Slovene) is the highest mountain of the eastern Karawanks,[3] the second-highest mountain of the Northern Karawanks[4] and the most eastern two-thousand-metre mountain of Slovenia.[5] It is a mighty mountain with a characteristic shape of a tableland with rocky peaks protruding from it.[6] The mountain borders the Meža Valley and the Topla Valley to the south and east, and the Jaun Valley to the north, and is separated by the narrow valley of the Bela Creek from Hochobir.[7] Two thirds of the mountain lies in Austria, and one third in Slovenia.[7] The mountain reaches its highest elevation on the mountain crest[8] of the Kordež Head (Slovene: Kordeževa Glava, German: Kordeschkopf, 2,125 metres or 6,972 feet).[1] The border runs across it.[7]

The mountain is built of Triassic Wetterstein limestone and Wetterstein dolomite.[9] In the past, lead and zinc was mined on Peca, the shafts belonging to the Topla and Mežica mines.[10] In addition to the ore, several rare minerals were discovered underground in the mountain, such as wulfenite and calcite.[11] From the global standpoint, the Topla mine is it a rare proof of the sediment creation of lead-zinc ore deposits in supratidal zones.[12] A mine on the mountain is accessible to mountain bikes.[13]

The lower slopes on the Slovenian side are forested, whereas the higher slopes are home to a variety of Alpine flora, including several species of flowers [5][7]

A mountain hut was built at Little Peca (Slovene: Mala Peca; 1,665 metres or 5,463 feet) in 1928, which was burnt down during World War II, and rebuilt in 1957.[7] Since 1936, the chapel of Sts. Cyril and Methodius stands next to it.[14] The beginning of an abandoned pit,[15] named Matjaž Cave after the King Matjaž, is situated in the vicinity,[16] which is a historical monument.[16] Inside it, there is a bronze statue of the sleeping king. The statue was designed in 1958 by the sculptor and mountaineer Marjan Keršič,[16] cast in bronze by the sculptor France Rotar, and placed in the cave in 1962.[17]


  1. ^ a b Dobnik, Jože. "Kordeževa glava" [Kordež Head]. (in Slovenian). Sinergise, d. o. o., Geoedetic Administration of the Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  2. ^ "Kordeschkogel -peakbagger". Retrieved 16 February 2015. 
  3. ^ Perko, Drago; Orožen Adamič, Milan (1998). "Vzhodne Karavanke" [Eastern Karavanke]. Slovenija: pokrajina in ljudje [Slovenia: The Landscape and the People]. p. 135. ISBN 9788611150338. 
  4. ^ Štrucl, Ivo (1970). "Stratigrafske in tektonske razmere v vzhodnem delu severnih Karavank". Geologija: razprave in poročila [Geological Transactions and Reports]. Slovensko geološko društvo [Geological Society of Slovenia]. 13: 5. ISSN 0016-7789. 
  5. ^ a b "Naravne znamenitosti: Peca". Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  6. ^ Tomšič, Žare (2007). "Mountains and Peaks". RRA Koroška [Regional Development Agency of Carinthia]. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Dobnik, Jože (2011) [2006]. "Pot kurirjev in vezistov NOB" [Path of Couriers and Operators of the National Liberation War]. Planinska zveza Slovenije [Mountaineering Association of Slovenia]. Geodetska uprava Republike Slovenije [Surveying and Mapping Authority of the Republic of Slovenia]. Društvo Domicilnega odbora kurirjev in vezistov NOV Slovenije [Society of the Domicile Board of the Couriers and Operators of the National Liberation War of Slovenia]. Točka Dom na Peci [The Veliki Snežnik Point]. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  8. ^ Rikanovič, Rada. Brenčič, Miha (2003). "Comparison of the CORINE Land Cover data and Agricultural Land Use Monitoring Data as a basis for groundwater vulnerability mapping in the Peca border region". Geologija: razprave in poročila [Geological Transactions and Reports]. Slovensko geološko društvo [Geological Society of Slovenia]. 46 (2): 440. 
  9. ^ Bole, Bernarda (2002). "Karbonatne kamnine Pece" [Carbonate Rocks of Mt. Peca]. Geologija: razprave in poročila [Geological Transactions and Reports] (in Slovenian): 59–69. ISSN 0016-7789. COBISS 887125. 
  10. ^ Javornik, Marjan (1999). "Topla". In Voglar, Dušan. Dermastja, Alenka. Enciklopedija Slovenije [Encyclopedia of Slovenia] (in Slovenian). 13. p. 288. ISBN 9788611153643. 
  11. ^ "Minerali iz podzemlja Pece" [Minerals from the Peca Underground] (in Slovenian). Prirodoslovni muzej Slovenije [Natural History Museum of Slovenia]. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  12. ^ "Geosites and Geopart Localities in the Geopark area". Application for Membership in the Global Geoparks Network (PDF). Zavod RS za varstvo narave [Institute of the Republic of Slovenia for the Protection of Nature]. p. 22. 
  13. ^ "Cycling in the Mine". Podzemlje Pece: Tourist Mine and Museum. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  14. ^ "Peca: Mala Peca". Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  15. ^ "Krkine planinske poti: Peca" [Krka's Mountain Paths]. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  16. ^ a b c "Peca - Matjaževa jama" [Peca: Matjaž Cave]. Registry of Immovable Cultural Heritage (in Slovenian). Ministry of Culture, Slovenia. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  17. ^ "Zgodovina" [History]. Planinsko društvo Mežica [Mežica Mountaineering Club]. 1958 - 1969. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 

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