Petzen, seen from the northwest
|Elevation||2,126 m (6,975 ft) |
|Prominence||882 m (2,894 ft) |
|Location||Austria / Slovenia|
Petzen (German) or Peca (Slovene) is the highest mountain of the eastern Karawanks, the second-highest mountain of the Northern Karawanks and the most eastern two-thousand-metre mountain of Slovenia. It is a mighty mountain with a characteristic shape of a tableland with rocky peaks protruding from it. The mountain borders the Meža Valley and the Topla Valley to the south and east, and the Jaun Valley to the north, and is separated by the narrow valley of the Bela Creek from Hochobir. Two thirds of the mountain lies in Austria, and one third in Slovenia. The mountain reaches its highest elevation on the mountain crest of the Kordež Head (Slovene: Kordeževa Glava, German: Kordeschkopf, 2,125 metres or 6,972 feet). The border runs across it.
The mountain is built of Triassic Wetterstein limestone and Wetterstein dolomite. In the past, lead and zinc was mined on Peca, the shafts belonging to the Topla and Mežica mines. In addition to the ore, several rare minerals were discovered underground in the mountain, such as wulfenite and calcite. From the global standpoint, the Topla mine is it a rare proof of the sediment creation of lead-zinc ore deposits in supratidal zones. A mine on the mountain is accessible to mountain bikes.
A mountain hut was built at Little Peca (Slovene: Mala Peca; 1,665 metres or 5,463 feet) in 1928, which was burnt down during World War II, and rebuilt in 1957. Since 1936, the chapel of Sts. Cyril and Methodius stands next to it. The beginning of an abandoned pit, named Matjaž Cave after the King Matjaž, is situated in the vicinity, which is a historical monument. Inside it, there is a bronze statue of the sleeping king. The statue was designed in 1958 by the sculptor and mountaineer Marjan Keršič, cast in bronze by the sculptor France Rotar, and placed in the cave in 1962.
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- Rikanovič, Rada. Brenčič, Miha (2003). "Comparison of the CORINE Land Cover data and Agricultural Land Use Monitoring Data as a basis for groundwater vulnerability mapping in the Peca border region". Geologija: razprave in poročila [Geological Transactions and Reports]. Slovensko geološko društvo [Geological Society of Slovenia]. 46 (2): 440.
- Bole, Bernarda (2002). "Karbonatne kamnine Pece" [Carbonate Rocks of Mt. Peca]. Geologija: razprave in poročila [Geological Transactions and Reports] (in Slovenian): 59–69. ISSN 0016-7789. COBISS 887125.
- Javornik, Marjan (1999). "Topla". In Voglar, Dušan. Dermastja, Alenka. Enciklopedija Slovenije [Encyclopedia of Slovenia] (in Slovenian). 13. p. 288. ISBN 9788611153643.
- "Minerali iz podzemlja Pece" [Minerals from the Peca Underground] (in Slovenian). Prirodoslovni muzej Slovenije [Natural History Museum of Slovenia]. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- "Geosites and Geopart Localities in the Geopark area". Application for Membership in the Global Geoparks Network (PDF). Zavod RS za varstvo narave [Institute of the Republic of Slovenia for the Protection of Nature]. p. 22.
- "Cycling in the Mine". Podzemlje Pece: Tourist Mine and Museum. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- "Peca: Mala Peca". Zaplana.net. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- "Krkine planinske poti: Peca" [Krka's Mountain Paths]. Krka.si. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- "Peca - Matjaževa jama" [Peca: Matjaž Cave]. Registry of Immovable Cultural Heritage (in Slovenian). Ministry of Culture, Slovenia. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
- "Zgodovina" [History]. Pdmezica.si. Planinsko društvo Mežica [Mežica Mountaineering Club]. 1958 - 1969. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Petzen.|
- Peca/Petzen (Kordež Head). VR panorama (surround photography). Hribi.net. Retrieved 12 March 2012.