PKP Pecheneg machine gun

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PKP Pecheneg "6P41" machine gun
PKP Pecheneg Conscript day in Moscow 2011.jpg
A PKP Pecheneg on display with a bipod
TypeMedium machine gun
General purpose machine gun
Place of originRussia
Service history
In service2001–present[1]
Used bySee Users
WarsSecond Chechen War
Russo-Georgian War
Syrian Civil War[2]
Iraqi Civil War[3]
Invasion of Crimea
War in Donbass
Production history
VariantsSee Variants
Mass8.2 kg (18 lb) without a bipod[5]
8.7 kg (19 lb) with a bipod
12.7 kg (28 lb) with an infantry tripod mount[6]
Length1,200 mm (47 in)
Barrel length658 mm (25.9 in)[6]

Rate of fire600–800 RPM[7]
Muzzle velocity900 m/s (2,953 ft/s)[8]
Effective firing range1,500 m (0.93 mi)[9]
Feed systemBelt feed: 100-, 200-, 250-round[8]

The PKP Pecheneg (Pulemyot Kalashnikova Pekhotny "Pecheneg", Russian: Печенег)[10][11][12][13] is a Russian 7.62×54mmR general-purpose machine gun[6]. It is a further development and modification of the PK machine gun.[14] It is said to be more accurate than all its predecessors due to a heavier, non-removable, forced-air-cooling barrel with radial cooling ribs and a handle which eliminates the haze effect from hot gases and keeps the barrel cooler, making the weapon more reliable.[15] Furthermore, the weapon is capable of having a telescopic sight or other sights mounted on it, increasing its accuracy and effective range.

The GRAU index of the PKP Pecheneg is 6P41 or 6P41N (PKP Pecheneg-N) when fitted with a mounting rail for a night vision sight. It is currently in use by Russian Army Spetsnaz and other troops in significant numbers. Even though it was developed mainly for infantry use, it also has been fitted to several light vehicles.[14]

The PKP Pecheneg is a standard 7.62×54mmR PKM machine gun without the rapid barrel-change option, and intended for use from an integral bipod as a squad support weapon. It can provide more sustained firepower than the standard-issue RPK-74, and the 7.62×54mmR cartridge offers a longer effective range and better penetration of light structures and improvised covers in urban and forest environments.


The PKP Pecheneg is named for the Pecheneg people, a warlike tribe of Turkic origin who lived in what later became steppes of Southern Russia and Ukraine.


A close-up of the scope mounting rail on a 6P41N (PKP Pecheneg-N). The receiver cover release on the right is similar to those of the AK-family.

The PKP Pecheneg medium machine gun can be considered as a modification of the PKM machine gun, but it is built for only one tactical role; that is, as a full calibre light machine gun for mechanized infantry and Spetsnaz troops. Its key difference from the parent design is the barrel, which is not a "quick-change" barrel, meaning that it is not intended to be replaced in the field, although it can be removed for inspection and maintenance.[6] The barrel is somewhat heavier than that of the PKM, and has radial cooling ribs. This is enclosed in a steel jacket, which runs up to the muzzle to provide forced air cooling, similar to the distinctive Lewis machine gun designed during the World War I era. Cooling air enters the jacket through oval windows at the rear of the jacket, and exits at the muzzle, propelled by the pressure differential created by the high-velocity gun gases escaping from the muzzle. Whereas early versions of the PKP Pecheneg had a standard PKM-type flash suppressor, resulting in significant muzzle blast once the gun had warmed up, current production version guns have a special flash suppressor that eliminates the issue. The rear of the barrel-encasing steel jacket features a permanently attached carrying handle with a characteristic elongated profile, as it is also intended to protect the line of sight from mirages generated by convection of air heated up by the barrel.

The PKP Pecheneg has a cyclic rate of fire of around 600–800 rounds per minute (RPM). The manufacturer claims that it can fire 600 rounds per minute in continuous sustained fire without any danger to the barrel[6] and its practical sustained rate of fire is 250 rounds per minute.[16]

Another change from the PKM parent design is the location of the integral, non-removable folding bipod which is placed near the muzzle. This feature improves stability and long-range accuracy when firing from the bipod, but it also limits the arc of fire available without moving the position of bipod or shooter. Another consequence of said placement is that the PKP Pecheneg is less comfortable to fire from the shoulder or the hip, as it does not have a handguard and the bipod is located too far forward to be used to hold the gun. However, it has sling swivels and can still be fired from the hip using a sling and carrying handle to hold the machine gun,[6] or by supporting it under the ammunition box with the off hand.

In all other technical respects, such as action, feed, sights and stock, the PKP Pecheneg is similar to modern PKM machine guns. It also retains the standard PKM mounting interface and therefore can be used from the same tripod, but it is always issued as a light machine gun (without tripod mount).[6]


External video
Video of Pecheneg Bullpup being fired
Russian soldier from the 4th Guards Tank Division with the PKP Pecheneg and RPG-26.
  • PKP Pecheneg – The PKP Pecheneg is chambered in 7.62×54mmR cartridge and a further modernization of the PK machine gun. It has been adopted by the Russian armed forces, Russian Ministry of Interior and other military agencies around the world.
  • PKP Pecheneg-N – The PKP Pecheneg-N is similar to the PKP Pecheneg but features a mounting rail for night vision sights.
  • PKP Pecheneg-SP – The Pecheneg-SP is an improved variant of the PKP Pecheneg, and its GRAU index is 6P69. It has two main versions; a standard version and a special forces version. Titanium is now used for its construction. It was also reported that it now features a Picatinny rail for mounting the 1P89-3 unified optical sight and other optical sights, a telescopic folding stock and at the request of the Russian military, an additional tactical handle for the convenience when firing. According to the manufacturers, during transportation the gun can be folded, making it 30 mm (3 cm) shorter than the regular Kalashnikov rifle. It uses a shortened barrel and a suppressor for noiseless and flameless fire. Its serial production started in February 2017.[17]
  • Pecheneg Bullpup – The Pecheneg Bullpup is a bullpup conversion of the PKP Pecheneg developed by the Degtyarev plant[18] at the request of the Russian armed forces and Russian Ministry of Interior for a more compact version for use in urban combat or when traveling in tight spaces (armored vehicles, helicopters, etc.). It has two main variants. The Russian weapon designers have come up with a solution to this problem by converting it into a bullpup. This configuration change has reduced the weapon length by 280 mm (11 in) as well as reducing its weight. The stock has been replaced with a butt plate and the trigger/grip was moved forward. To accommodate the trigger being moved forward, the ammunition box now has to sit at a 135° angle. The charging handle has been modified as well for easier access and the carrying handle has been replaced with a Picatinny rail mount. The lower heat/handguard is now skeletonized to save weight, through which runs the gas tube. Underneath the gas tube is a 6 o’clock Picatinny rail for mounting accessories such as a grip or laser sight.[19]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Эхо Москвы :: Новости / Россия приступила к серийному производству нового пулемета 'Печенег'". Эхо Москвы. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
  2. ^ "British Accuracy International AW sniper rifle in Syria – Armament Research Services".
  3. ^ "British Accuracy International AW sniper rifle in Syria – Armament Research Services".
  4. ^ " 'Pecheneg' Kalashnikov infantry machine-gun ",, Retrieved 2010-04-05
  5. ^ "Open Joint Stock Company "V.A.Degtyarev Plant" / 7.62mm 6P41 Pecheneg machine gun".
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Popenker, Max R."PKP Pecheneg machine gun
  7. ^ "Open Joint Stock Company "V.A.Degtyarev Plant" / 7.62mm 6P41 Pecheneg machine gun". Retrieved 27 November 2014.
  8. ^ a b "7.62mm Pecheneg Machine Gun ",, Retrieved 2010-04-05
  9. ^ "7.62-mm "Petcheneg" Machine Gun Archived 17 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine", TsNIITochMash, Retrieved 2010-04-05
  10. ^ Lawrence, Erik (13 March 2015). "Practical Guide to the Operational Use of the PK/PKM Machine Gun". Erik Lawrence Publications – via Google Books.
  11. ^ "PKP Pecheneg (6P41) General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) - Russia".
  12. ^ Bonds, Ray; Miller, David (13 February 2003). "Illustrated Directory of Special Forces". Voyageur Press – via Google Books.
  13. ^ "The Russians Plan To Replace the PKM With The PKP "Pecheneg" - Popular Airsoft".
  14. ^ a b "Pecheneg |". Retrieved 2017-06-26.
  15. ^ "Modern Firearms". Retrieved 27 November 2014.
  16. ^
  17. ^ Самый секретный пулемет России- глубокая модернизация пулемета «Печенег» (in Russian)
  18. ^ "PKP tuning from "Zenit" (with photos)". Archived from the original on 25 December 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
  19. ^ "BREAKING: Pecheneg PKP BULLPUP Machine Gun - The Firearm Blog". The Firearm Blog. 2016-09-23. Retrieved 2017-06-26.
  20. ^ "Here Are All The Russian Weapons Separatists Are Using In Ukraine".
  21. ^ "YouTube". Retrieved 27 November 2014.
  22. ^ "-". 17 April 2013. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
  23. ^ Defence Web. "Namibia receives Russian small arms". defenceweb. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
  24. ^ "Syrian army general's weapons request". Washington Post.
  25. ^ Oryx (17 August 2015). "Oryx Blog: From Russia with Love, Syria's PKP Pechenegs".

External links[edit]