Pechersky Ascension Monastery

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pechersky Ascension Monastery
Печёрский Вознесенский монатырь
Pechersky Ascension Monastery.jpg
Pechersky Ascension Monastery is located in Nizhny Novgorod
Pechersky Ascension Monastery
Location within Nizhny Novgorod
Monastery information
Full name Pechersky Ascension male Monastery
Order Orthodox
Established 1328
Diocese Nizhny Novgorod and Arzamas
People
Founder(s) Dionysius
Site
Location Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Coordinates 56°19′22″N 44°02′59″E / 56.32278°N 44.04972°E / 56.32278; 44.04972
Visible remains church, cloister, inner court and earthworks
Public access yes

Pechersky Ascension Monastery (Russian: Печёрский Вознесенский монастырь, Pechyorsky Vozensensky Monastyr) is a monastery in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia. It is the principal monastery of the Nizny Novgorod Eparchy (diocese) and the seat of the Bishop of Nizhny Novgorod and Arzamas.

History[edit]

Pechersky Voznesensky Monastery is usually said to have been founded ca. 1328-1330 by St. Dionysius, who came to Nizhny Novgorod from Kiev Pechersk Lavra (i.e., Kiev Monastery of the Caves, pechery meaning 'caves') with several other monks, and dug for himself a cave on the step Volga shore some 3 km southeast of the city. Later on, he founded at that site a monastery with a church of Resurrection of the Lord.

The monastery soon became an important spiritual and religious center of the Principality of Suzdal and Nizhny Novgorod.

The monastery was destroyed by a landslide on June 18, 1597; surprisingly, no one died. The same year the monastery was rebuilt about 1 km upstream (north) of the old site.

Although there are no caves in the modern monastery, the appellation Pechersky, linking it to the old Kiev cloyster, has been preserved. Moreover, the entire section of Nizhny Novgorod surrounding the monastery, occupying uplands above the Volga south of the city center, is known as Pechery.

The monastery was closed by NKVD in 1924, and reopened in 1994.

Principal buildings[edit]

In the refectory section of the Ascension Cathedral

The principal buildings of the monastery include:

  • Ascension Cathedral (Вознесенский собор), constructed in 1630—1632.
  • The Church of Dormition of Our Lady (Успенская церковь), 1648.
  • The Church of Saint Venerable Euthimios of Suzdal, built over the monastery's inner gate (Надвратная церковь во имя св. преп. Евфимия Суздальского), 1645.
  • The Church of SS Peter and Paul (Церковь во имя св. апостолов Петра и Павла), 1738.
  • Bishop's residence (архиерейские палаты), 1632.
  • Hegumen's building (игуменский корпус), 1765.
  • Monks' residence (братский корпус), 17th century.

The belfry of the Ascension Cathedral (which also serves as a clock tower) is noticeably out of plumb. It has been leaning almost since the time it was originally constructed.

The monastery is surrounded by a red brick wall with small towers, making it look like a small kremlin.

The diocesal archeological museum and a book and icon shop operate in the monastery. In the latter, one can request a variety of prayers for the living and dead, in accordance with the posted fee list.

Holy relics[edit]

External links[edit]

56°19′22″N 44°02′59″E / 56.32278°N 44.04972°E / 56.32278; 44.04972