Pechora Radar Station

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Pechora Radar Station
Печорская радиолокационная станция
Kola Peninsula, Russia [1]
Pechora-pan-cropped.jpg
The Daryal radar in Pechora
Pechora Radar Station is located in Russia
Pechora Radar Station
Pechora Radar Station
Coordinates65°12′36″N 57°17′42″E / 65.210°N 57.295°E / 65.210; 57.295
TypeRadar Station
CodeRO-30
Site information
OwnerRussia
Open to
the public
no
Conditionoperational
Site history
Built1984 (1984)
Built bySoviet Union
Materialsconcrete
Garrison information
Garrison378th independent radio-technical unit [2]

Pechora Radar Station (Russian: Печорская радиолокационная станция, tr. Pechorskaya radiolokatsionnaya stantsiya) is an early warning radar near Pechora in the Komi Republic, northern Russia. It is a key part of the Russian early warning system against missile attack and was built by the Soviet Union, becoming operational in 1984.[2][3][4] It is run by the Russian Aerospace Defence Forces.

Daryal radar overview[edit]

Pechora is a Daryal radar, a bistatic passive electronically scanned array early warning radar consisting of two separate large phased-array antennas separated by around 500 metres (1,640 ft) to 1.5 kilometres (4,921 ft). The transmitter array is 30 by 40 metres (98 ft × 131 ft) and the receiver is 80 by 80 metres (260 ft × 260 ft) in size. The system is a VHF system operating at a wavelength of 1.5 to 2 meters (150 to 200 MHz). The claimed range of a Daryal installation is 6,000 kilometres (3,728 mi).[5]

Originally, at least seven Daryal facilities were planned, however, only the first two facilities completed, Pechora and Gabala, were ever operational.[3] Two Daryal-U type were to be built at sites in Balkhash and Mishelevka, Irkutsk; neither were completed. The US Clinton administration offered financial assistance in completing the Mishelevka facility in exchange for amending the ABM treaty to allow US deployment of a national missile defense system.[6] Russia rejected this proposal and in 2002 the US unilaterally withdrew from the ABM treaty.

Two Daryal-UM systems were to be constructed in Skrunda, Latvia and Mukachevo, Ukraine. The Mukachevo one in Ukraine was never completed after the fall of the Soviet Union and the Skrunda facility was turned over to Latvia to be demolished.[3][7] The Yeniseysk (Krasnoyarsk) Daryal-U site caused concern in the west over compliance with the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty during its construction in the 1980s. Following years of negotiations, in September 1989 the Soviets admitted it was a violation of the treaty, construction ceased and the facility was eventually dismantled.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Стоит в Печоре монолит [It is a monolith in Pechora] (Video) (in Russian). Волна-плюс [Volna-Plus]. 2005.
  2. ^ a b Holm, Michael (2011). "378th independent Radio-Technical Unit". Soviet Armed Forces 1945-1991. Retrieved 2012-03-09.
  3. ^ a b c Podvig, Pavel (2002). "History and the Current Status of the Russian Early-Warning System" (PDF). Science and Global Security. 10: 21–60. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.692.6127. doi:10.1080/08929880212328. ISSN 0892-9882. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-15.
  4. ^ Karpenko, A (1999). "ABM AND SPACE DEFENSE". Nevsky Bastion. 4: 2–47.
  5. ^ Радиолокационная станция "Дарьял" [Radar Daryal] (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Defence. n.d. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
  6. ^ "Mishelevka". GlobalSecurity.org. n.d. Retrieved 2011-12-22.
  7. ^ "LPAR facility". Controlled Demolition, Inc. Retrieved 2011-12-23.
  8. ^ "Yeniseysk (Krasnoyarsk)". GlobalSecurity.org. n.d. Retrieved 2011-12-22.