Peckman River

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Peckman River
River
PeckmanRiverColor.jpg
Peckman River viewed from Commerce Road in Cedar Grove
Country United States
State New Jersey
Counties Passaic, Essex
Source
 - location Eagle Rock Reservation, West Orange, Essex County, New Jersey, United States
 - elevation 624 ft (190 m)
 - coordinates 40°48′28.67″N 74°14′18.54″W / 40.8079639°N 74.2384833°W / 40.8079639; -74.2384833
Mouth Passaic River
 - location Woodland Park, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States
 - elevation 119 ft (36 m)
 - coordinates 40°53′36.69″N 74°12′49.50″W / 40.8935250°N 74.2137500°W / 40.8935250; -74.2137500Coordinates: 40°53′36.69″N 74°12′49.50″W / 40.8935250°N 74.2137500°W / 40.8935250; -74.2137500
Length 8.5 mi (14 km)

The Peckman River is a tributary of the Passaic River in Essex and Passaic Counties, New Jersey in the United States.

The Peckman River originates in the township of West Orange and flows northeasterly through the townships of Verona, Cedar Grove and Little Falls to its confluence with the Passaic River in the borough of Woodland Park (formerly West Paterson).

Devil's Hole[edit]

The Peckman River passes through a number of urban and suburban areas, as well as the Lower Norton Reservoir, before narrowing and terminating in Eagle Rock Reservation in West Orange. Few features define the waterway save for a short waterfall and pool, known as Devil's Hole, located in Cedar Grove and which is used locally as a swimming hole. The falls were created by the addition of Van Orden's Dam during the Dutch settlement of the region.[1] Historians state that the water from Devil's Hole previously powered a steam boiler at the Van Orden Corset Company factory south of the site.[2][3] On June 18, 2014, a teenager from Newark, NJ drowned while swimming in the hole.[4]

Flooding[edit]

As a tributary of the Passaic River, the Peckman River has been the subject of frequently flooding, particularly from the mid-2000s. The United States Army Corps of Engineers attributes this flooding to an increase in storms and heavy rainfall, which exceed the drainage capacity of the surrounding area. The USACE notes that recent floods have degraded the ecology of Passaic River Basin, largely as a result of erosion, and consistent with the long-term impact seen in watersheds which are heavily urbanized. Moreover, development throughout the region has reduced the drainage capacity of the basin.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cedar Grove. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  2. ^ "Cedar Groove Historical Society booklet" (PDF). Cedargrovehistoricalsociety.org. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  3. ^ "ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCE INVENTORY TOWNSHIP OF CEDAR GROVE, ESSEX COUNTY, NEW JERSEY" (PDF). Cedargroovenj.org. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  4. ^ Tamiyah Yancey. "Update: Man dies after jumping into water at Devil's Hole in Cedar Grove". NorthJersey.com. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  5. ^ "FACT SHEET-Peckman River Basin, New Jersey > New York District > Fact Sheet Article View". Nan.usace.army.mil. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 

External links[edit]