Peder Anker

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Peder Anker
Peder Anker and family.jpg
Anker and his family
1st Norwegian Prime Minister in Stockholm
In office
18 November 1814 – 30 June 1822
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byMathias Sommerhielm
Personal details
Born(1749-12-08)8 December 1749
Christiania, Kingdom of Sweden and Norway
Died10 December 1824(1824-12-10) (aged 75)
Christiania, Kingdom of Sweden and Norway
Spouse(s)Anne Elisabeth Cold
ChildrenKaren Wedel-Jarlsberg
Bogstad Manor
Memorial for Peder Anker on Peder Ankers plass in Oslo

Peder Anker (8 December 1749 – 10 December 1824) was a prominent Norwegian landowner, businessman and politician. He served as Prime Minister of Norway from 1814 until 1822.[1]

Biography[edit]

Peder Anker was a member of a Danish-Norwegian noble family. He was born in Christiania, the son of the wealthy merchant Christian Anker. He had three brothers Iver (1745-1772), Bernt (1746-1805) and Jess (1753-1798). Following education in Christiania and a year as student at the University of Copenhagen, Peder Anker and his brothers spent five years traveling with private tutors in Great Britain, France, Germany, and Italy. They were pupils of the noted Swedish naturalist Carl von Linné at Uppsala University in 1764. He was granted Danish nobility in 1778 and was awarded the title of General War Commissioner in 1788.[2]

Peder Anker bought Bogstad Manor with additional forest land and extended the existing house to make a splendid mansion. Bogstad had for about 100 years belonged to members of the Leuch family, his grandmother's family. He also acquired iron mines and foundries, notably Bærums Verk and Hakadal Verk. The Vækerø manor (Vækerø gård) near Oslo was established as a port for the export of lumber. Anker rose to become one of Norway's richest individuals.[3][4][5]

Peder Anker was a delegate to the Norwegian Constituent Assembly at Eidsvoll in 1814, representing Akershus Amt. He distinguished himself as a "unionist", whose members opposed complete independence for Norway. On 18 November 1814 he was appointed Prime Minister of Norway to Stockholm after the Union between Sweden and Norway was established, and remained in this office until 30 June 1822.[6][7]

Honors[edit]

Peder Anker was decorated with the Royal Order of the Seraphim and the Order of Charles XIII. He was awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of Dannebrog in 1812. In 1815, he was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

Legacy[edit]

Several roads in Norway have been named in honor of Peder Anker including Peder Ankers vei in Jar, Peder Anker gate in Halden, and Peder Ankers Plass in Oslo.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peder Anker (1749-1824) (Løvenskiold-Vækerø AS) Archived 2015-05-18 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Anker (Store norske leksikon. Author: Terje Bratberg)
  3. ^ Hopstock, Carsten (1999). "Peder Anker". In Helle, Knut. Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). 1. Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 7 March 2009.
  4. ^ Hakadal Verk (Store norske leksikon)
  5. ^ Knut Are Tvedt: Vækerø gård (Store norske leksikon)
  6. ^ 1814-prosjektet (University of Oslo)
  7. ^ Peder Anker (Eidsvoll 1814)
  8. ^ Peder Ankers Plass i Oslo (norskegater.com)

Other sources[edit]

Related Reading[edit]

Holmøyvik, Eirik (2012) Maktfordeling og 1814 (Bergen, Fagbokforlaget) ISBN 978-82-450-1276-7

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
position created
Prime Minister of Norway
1814–1822
Succeeded by
Mathias Sommerhielm