Pedro Guevara

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Pedro Guevara
Pedro Guevara 1923.jpg
Senator of the Philippines from the Fourth Senatorial District
In office
Serving with Rafael Palma
Preceded by Post created
Succeeded by Ramon J. Fernandez
Resident Commissioner to the U.S. House of Representatives from the Philippine Islands
In office
March 4, 1923 – February 14, 1936
Serving with Isauro Gabaldon (1923-1929)
Camilo Osías (1929-1935)
Francisco Afan Delgado (1935-1936)
Preceded by Jaime C. De Veyra
Succeeded by Quintin Paredes
Member of the Philippine National Assembly from Laguna's Second District
In office
Preceded by Crispin Oben
Succeeded by Crisanto Guysayko
Personal details
Born (1879-02-23)February 23, 1879
Santa Cruz, Laguna, Captaincy General of the Philippines
Died January 19, 1938(1938-01-19) (aged 58)
Manila, Commonwealth of the Philippines
Political party Nacionalista

Pedro Guevara (February 23, 1879 – January 19, 1938), was a Philippine soldier, lawyer, legislator, and Spanish writer who became Resident Commissioner of the Philippines during the American colonial period.

Early life[edit]

Born in Santa Cruz, Laguna, Philippines, on February 23, 1879.


He attended the Ateneo Municipal de Manila and graduated from Colegio de San Juan de Letran, Manila, in 1896.

Philippine Revolution[edit]

He joined the Filipino forces during the Philippine Revolution and assisted in promoting the peace agreement of Biak na Bato at San Miguel, Bulacan, in 1897. He later rejoined the Filipino forces during the revolution, and also served throughout the Spanish–American War and the Philippine–American War, attaining the rank of lieutenant colonel.

Political career[edit]

Later, he became a journalist for the Spanish language newspaper Soberania Nacional and Vidas Filipinas and a municipal councilor of San Felipe Neri, Rizal in 1907. He studied law at La Jurisprudencia and became a lawyer in private practice. His political life started when he became a member of the Philippine House of Representatives from 1909 to 1912 and a member of the Philippine Senate from 1916 to 1922. In 1921, Guevara was chair of the Philippine delegation to the Far Eastern Bar Conference at Beijing, China. He later was elected as a Nationalist Resident Commissioner to the House of Representatives of the Sixty-eighth United States Congress for a three-year term and four succeeding three-year terms (March 4, 1923 – February 14, 1936). During this time, Guevara worked tirelessly for the approval of the Tydings–McDuffie Act which would establish the Commonwealth of the Philippines and eventually its independence in 10 years. Later, he served as delegate of Laguna during the Constitutional Convention of 1934 which framed the 1935 Philippine Constitution. His term ended on February 14, 1936, when a successor qualified in accordance with the newly established Commonwealth of the Philippines was selected.


Upon retirement, Pedro Guevara resumed his law practice. He died of a heart attack in Manila on January 19, 1938, and was buried at the Manila North Cemetery.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Jaime C. de Veyra
Resident Commissioner from the Philippines to the United States Congress
Served alongside: Isauro Gabaldon, Camilo Osías and Francisco A. Delgado
Succeeded by
Quintin Paredes