Pedro Pablo Kuczynski

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This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Kuczynski and the second or maternal family name is Godard.
Pedro Pablo Kuczynski
Pedro Pablo Kuczynski.jpg
President of Peru
Elect
Taking office
28 July 2016
Prime Minister Fernando Zavala (Designate)
Vice President Martín Vizcarra (Elect)
Mercedes Aráoz (Elect)
Succeeding Ollanta Humala
Prime Minister of Peru
In office
16 August 2005 – 27 July 2006
President Alejandro Toledo
Preceded by Carlos Ferrero
Succeeded by Jorge del Castillo
Minister of Economy and Finance
In office
16 February 2004 – 16 August 2005
Prime Minister Carlos Ferrero
Preceded by Jaime Quijandría
Succeeded by Fernando Zavala
In office
28 July 2001 – 11 July 2002
Prime Minister Roberto Dañino
Preceded by Javier Silva Ruete
Succeeded by Javier Silva Ruete
Minister of Energy and Mines
In office
28 July 1980 – 3 August 1982
Prime Minister Manuel Ulloa Elías
Preceded by René Balarezo
Succeeded by Fernando Montero
Personal details
Born Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Godard
(1938-10-03) 3 October 1938 (age 77)
Lima, Peru
Political party Independent (Before 2014)
Peruvians for Change (2014–present)
Other political
affiliations
Alliance for the Great Change (2010–2013)
Spouse(s) Jane Casey (Divorced)
Nancy Lange
Children Carolina
Alex
John
Suzanne
Alma mater Exeter College, Oxford
Princeton University
Signature
Website Official website

Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Godard (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈpeðɾo ˈpaβlo kuˈtʃinski ɣoˈðaɾð]; born October 3, 1938), better known simply as PPK, is a Peruvian economist, politician and public administrator who was elected as President of Peru in 2016.[1] He served as Prime Minister of Peru from 2005 to 2006, when he was previously Minister of Economy and Finance.

Kuczynski worked in the United States before entering Peruvian politics.[2] He held positions at both the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund before being designated as general manager of Peru's Central Reserve Bank. He later served as Minister of Energy and Mines in the early 1980s under President Fernando Belaúnde Terry, and as Minister of Economy and Finance and Prime Minister under President Alejandro Toledo in the 2000s.[3]

Kuczynski was a presidential candidate in the 2011 presidential election, placing third. His opponents Ollanta Humala and Keiko Fujimori went on to the June 5, 2011 runoff election, in which Humala was elected.[4] Kuczynski went on to stand in the 2016 election, where he defeated Fujimori in the second round.[5]

Early life and career before politics[edit]

Kuczynski was born at the Clínica Delgado in Lima, Peru, the son of Madeleine Godard, who was of Swiss-French descent, and Maxime Hans Kuczynski, a German Jewish immigrant of Polish descent who was born near Poznań, and was one of the earliest public health leaders in Peru.[6][7][8] His parents, who were Jewish on his father's side and Christian on his mother's, fled Germany in 1933 to escape the Nazis.[9] He received his early education at Markham College in Lima, Peru, and Rossall School in Lancashire, England where he was a pupil in Maltese Cross House between 1953 and 1956. He won a foundation scholarship to study at Exeter College, Oxford, and graduated with a degree in politics, philosophy and economics in 1960. Later, he received the John Parker Compton fellowship to study public affairs at Princeton University in the United States, where he received a master's degree in 1961. He began his career at the World Bank in 1961 as a regional economist for six countries in Central America, Haiti and the Dominican Republic.[10]

In 1967, Kuczynski returned to Peru to work at the country's central bank during the government of President Fernando Belaunde Terry. Kuczynski went into exile in the United States in 1969 due to political persecution after Belaunde Terry's government fell to the military dictatorship of General Juan Velasco Alvarado in a coup d'etat. Kuczynski then joined the World Bank as the chief economist managing the northern countries of Latin America, moving on to become Chief of Policy Planning. From 1973 to 1975, he was a partner of Kuhn, Loeb & Co., the international investment bank headquartered in New York City. In 1975, he returned to Washington, D.C to become chief economist for the International Finance Corporation (the private finance arm of the World Bank). Subsequently, he was appointed President of Halco Mining in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, an international consortium mining company with operations in West Africa.

From 1983 to 1992, he was co-chairman of First Boston in New York City, an international investment bank. In 1992, he founded, with six other partners, the Latin American Enterprise Fund (LAEF) in Miami, Florida, a private equity firm that focused on investments in Mexico, Central and South America. The institutional investors in LAEF included more than 15 of the world's largest university endowments, foundations, and pension funds.

Kuczynski has been a director of various companies in Peru and elsewhere. Registered in the state of Florida, he co-owns personal savings vehicle Westfield Capital LLC and is an officer of office-rental partnership South Bayshore Properties.

Political career[edit]

In 1980, after the election which named Fernando Belaúnde Terry as president, Kuczynski was invited to return to Peru to serve as Minister of Energy and Mines. In this position, he sponsored law 23231 which, through tax exemptions and other incentives, promoted oil and gas exploration and exploitation after a period of relative neglect. Kuczynski resigned in 1982 in order to return to the private sector in the United States.

During the rest of the 1980s and 1990s, Kuczynski was mainly involved in the private-equity fund-management business in the United States. He made small personal donations to the presidential campaigns of George H.W. Bush and of George W. Bush and to the state-senator campaign of his wife's cousin in Wisconsin.[11]

In 2000, Kuczynski joined the presidential campaign of Alejandro Toledo Manrique, then an economics professor at the ESAN university in Lima. After Toledo was elected president in 2001, Kuczynski served as Minister of Economy and Finance from July 2001 to July 2002,[12] and again from February 2004 to August 2005. In August 2005, he was appointed as Prime Minister, a position he held until Toledo's presidential term expired in 2006.

In 2007, Manuel Dammert Ego Aguirre, a sociologist and politician, alleged that while he held public office Kuczynski was involved in facilitating the activities, in various projects in Peru, of a financial entity known as First Capital Partners, in particular in relation to the Olmos diversion project, the Jorge Chávez International Airport, the Transportadora de Gas, and the Conrisa consortium. It is true that for a few days former partners of Kuczynski in LAEF (above) had ¨inappropriately and incorrectly¨ listed Kuczynski as a founding partner of First Capital. However this ¨error¨ was corrected within days, and as a consequence Kuczynski sued Dammert for defamation and falsification of documents. Kuczynski's suit was upheld at the first and second instance, but on appeal to Peru's Supreme Court Dammert's right to ask on matters of public interest was upheld, without ruling on the merits of Dammert's claims, which have been discussed extensively by Kuczynski.[13][14]

After working with the Toledo administration, he founded Agua Limpia, a Peruvian non-governmental organization that provides drinking water systems to communities in Peru. Agua Limpia is supported by the Inter-American Development Bank, Scotia Bank of Canada and others.[15]

On December 1, 2010, Kuczynski announced that he would stand as a candidate for President of Peru in the upcoming elections.[16] Kuczynski ran for President of Peru in the general election, though he did not pass into the run-off as head of the Alianza por el Gran Cambio (Alliance for the Great Change), formed by the Christian People's Party, the Alliance for Progress, the Humanist Party and the National Restoration Party.[10]

In 2015, he announced that he would again be running for President, but now with a political party which he had built himself (Peruanos Por el Kambio).[10]

Kuczynski won 21 % of the popular vote in Peru's general elections on April 10 to qualify for a runoff vote against Keiko Fujimori,[17] in which he narrowly triumphed (50,12 %).[18]

Family and personal life[edit]

His father, Maxime Hans Kuczynski, born in Poznań, today in Poland and part of Germany at that time after partition of Poland in the 18th century, was a bacteriologist who served in the German army during World War I on the Balkan front. He was a renowned pathologist and tropical disease specialist, in particular expert on Verruga peruana or Carrion's disease. He trained at the Universities of Rostock and Berlin, where he was professor of pathology. An officer in the German army on the Eastern and Turkish fronts in the First World War, he travelled widely in Russia, China, West Africa, and Brazil. Leaving Germany in 1933 because of his Jewish roots, he was invited to Peru in 1936 by President Óscar R. Benavides to set up the public health service in the interior of the country. Maxime Hans Kuczynski reformed the San Pablo leprosarium on the Amazon at the Brazilian frontier, set up a public health colony on the Perene river, and was later professor of tropical medicine at National University of San Marcos in Lima.[19]

Pedro Pablo Kuczynski Godard has been married twice, first to Jane Dudley Casey (daughter of Joseph E. Casey, member of the U.S. House for the 3rd district of Massachusetts), their offspring being corporate executive and technology entrepreneur Carolina Madeleine Kuczynski, the journalist Alex Kuczynski,[12] and John-Michael Kuczynski. His current wife is Nancy Lange, with whom he has had a daughter. Contrary to false information spread during Mr. Kuczynski's second presidential race, Nancy Lange is not a cousin of the actress Jessica Lange: they are only very distantly related and do not know each other. Kuczynski's younger brother Miguel Jorge is a fellow of Pembroke College, Cambridge; and their first cousin is Jean-Luc Godard, the renowned French-Swiss film director. Kuczynski's brother-in-law Harold Varmus received the Nobel Prize for cancer research in 1989.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://resultadoselecciones2016.onpe.gob.pe/PRP2V2016/Resultados-Ubigeo-Presidencial.html#posicion
  2. ^ "Mitos y verdades sobre PPK". Ppk.pe. Retrieved 2011-06-04. 
  3. ^ "Presidencia del Consejo de Ministros". Pcm.gob.pe. Retrieved 2011-06-04. 
  4. ^ "Elecciones Presidenciales, Congresales y de Parlamento Andino Peru 2011". Elecciones2011.onpe.gob.pe. Retrieved 2011-06-04. 
  5. ^ http://larepublica.pe/politica/774449-tendencia-que-favorece-ppk-en-resultados-onpe-no-se-revertira
  6. ^ Bartholomew Dean 2004 “El Dr. Maxime Kuczynski-Godard y la medicina social en la Amazonía peruana” Introduction in La Vida en la Amazonía Peruana: Observaciones de un medico. by Maxime Kuczynski-Godard. Lima: Fondo Editorial de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (Serie Clásicos Sanmarquinos)(Compilation and introductory essay of second edition, originally published in 1944)(digital copy: Ficha biblioteca de San Marcos)
  7. ^ http://internacional.elpais.com/internacional/2016/04/11/america/1460393870_462276.html
  8. ^ http://scielo.isciii.es/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0211-95362009000100005
  9. ^ http://www.timesofisrael.com/peru-leading-presidential-contender-is-son-of-polish-jews-who-fled-nazis/
  10. ^ a b c "Profile of Pedro Pablo Kuczynski". Peru Reports. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  11. ^ "Las donaciones a los Bush". Diario16. Retrieved 2011-06-04. 
  12. ^ a b "WEDDINGS/CELEBRATIONS; Alex Kuczynski, Charles Stevenson Jr.". New York Times. December 1, 2002. Retrieved 25 April 2010. 
  13. ^ "First Capital, pieza clave de PPK". LaRepublica.pe. Retrieved 2011-06-04. 
  14. ^ [1][dead link]
  15. ^ Agualimpia ONG 2011/
  16. ^ "Kuczynski será candidato a la Presidencia y el lunes presentará a sus aliados | El Comercio Perú". Elcomercio.pe. Retrieved 2011-06-04. 
  17. ^ "2016 presidential elections". Peru Reports. Retrieved 23 May 2016. 
  18. ^ http://larepublica.pe/politica/774449-tendencia-que-favorece-ppk-en-resultados-onpe-no-se-revertira
  19. ^ Bartholomew Dean 2004 “El Dr. Máxime Kuczynski-Godard y la medicina social en la Amazonía peruana” Introduction in La Vida en la Amazonía Peruana: Observaciones de un medico. by Máxime Kuczynski-Godard. Lima: Fondo Editorial de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (Serie Clásicos Sanmarquinos)(Compilation and introductory essay of second edition, originally published in 1944)(digital copy: Ficha biblioteca de San Marcos)

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
René Balarezo
Minister of Energy and Mines
1980–1982
Succeeded by
Fernando Montero
Preceded by
Javier Silva Ruete
Minister of Economy and Finance
2001–2002
Succeeded by
Javier Silva Ruete
Preceded by
Jaime Quijandría
Minister of Economy and Finance
2004–2005
Succeeded by
Fernando Zavala
Preceded by
Carlos Ferrero
Prime Minister of Peru
2005–2006
Succeeded by
Jorge del Castillo
Preceded by
Ollanta Humala
President of Peru
Taking office 2016
Incumbent