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|Pedro Sebastian Pelaez|
June 29, 1812|
Pagsanjan, Laguna, Captaincy General of the Philippines
|Died||June 3, 1863
Manila, Captaincy General of the Philippines
|Known for||Secularization of Catholic parishes and defense of Filipino Clergies' Rights|
Pedro Pelaez (1812–1863) was a Filipino Servant of God Catholic priest who favored the rights for Filipino clergy during the 19th century. He was diocesan administrator of the Archdiocese of Manila for a brief period of time. In the early 19th century, Pelaez fought for the secularization of Filipino priests and is considered the "Godfather of the Philippine Revolution." His cause towards Beatification is underway, leaving him the current title as "Servant of God."
Pelaez was born on June 29, 1812, to Jose Pelaez, alcalde mayor of Laguna and Josefa Sebastian. When both of his parents died in 1823, he was taken as a houseboy in the Dominican convent in Manila. At the same time, he was sent to study at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran where he finished a degree in Bachelor of Arts. He then enrolled at the University of Santo Tomas to finish academic degrees on priesthood. Pelaez studied under the famous priest Francisco Ayala.
Along with Father Mariano Gómez, Pelaez started organizing activities that demanded the return of control of Philippine parishes to Filipino seculars. Pelaez died during an earthquake in Manila, Philippines.
Cause for Sainthood
The Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines requested that may it be that Fr. Pelaez, may receive the cause for Beatification, in honour towards his untiring efforts for the secularization of Catholic parishes to the Filipinos as well as in defend to the Filipino rights of their land against the Spaniards. The Congregation for the Causes of Saints allowed this cause, but hasn't given yet an official nihil obstat for the Canonization by the Holy See.
- Karnow 1989.
- "Pedro S. Pelaez" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-02-20.
- "Dr. Pedro Pablo Pelaez champion of Filipino clergy, the first truly national leader". The Kahimyang Project. 9 July 2015.
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