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Pedro was a conscientious and hard-working monarch who, under the guidance of his father, sought radical modernisation of the Portuguese state and infrastructure. Under his reign, roads, telegraphs, and railways were constructed and improvements in public health advanced. His popularity increased when, during the cholera outbreak of 1853–1856, he visited hospitals handing out gifts and comforting the sick.
15 November 1853 – 11 November 1861: His Most Faithful Majesty The King of Portugal and the Algarves, of either side of the sea in Africa, Lord of Guinea and of Conquest, Navigation and Commerce of Ethiopia, Arabia, Persia and India, etc.
Castelo Branco e Torres, João Carlos Feo Cardoso de (1838). Resenha das familias titulares do Reino de Portugal: acompanhada das notícias biographicas de alguns individuos das mesmas famílias (in Portuguese). Lisbon: Imprensa Nacional.
Pinto, Albano da Silveira (1883). Resenha das familias titulares e grandes de Portugal (in Portuguese) I. Lisbon: Francisco Arthur da Silva.
* also an infante of Castile and León, Aragon, Sicily and Naples,** also an infante of Spain and an archduke of Austria,*** also an infante of Spain,**** also an imperial prince of Brazil,***** also a prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Duke in Saxony****** claimant infante
The House of Saxe-Coburg and Braganza was not a recognized house in the former Kingdom of Portugal and monarchs following Maria II and Ferdinand II officially continued to be members of the House of Braganza