Pedro V of Portugal
This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Pedro V in full Royal Regalia
|King of Portugal and the Algarves|
|Reign||15 November 1853 – 11 November 1861|
|Acclamation||16 September 1855|
|Regent||Fernando II (1853–1855)|
16 September 1837|
Necessidades Palace, Lisbon
11 November 1861 (aged 24)|
Necessidades Palace, Lisbon
|Burial||Pantheon of the Braganzas|
|Spouse||Princess Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen|
|Father||Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry|
|Mother||Queen Maria II of Portugal|
Early life and reign
As the eldest son of Queen Maria II and her de jure uxoris co-monarch Ferdinand II, Pedro was a member of the House of Braganza. As heir apparent to the throne he was styled Prince Royal (Portuguese: Príncipe Real), and was also the 19th Duke of Braganza (Duque de Bragança).
Pedro was a conscientious and hard-working monarch who, under the guidance of his father, sought radical modernisation of the Portuguese state and infrastructure. Under his reign, roads, telegraphs, and railways were constructed and improvements in public health advanced. His popularity increased when, during the cholera outbreak of 1853–1856, he visited hospitals handing out gifts and comforting the sick.
Pedro married Princess Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, eldest daughter of Karl Anton, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and Princess Josephine of Baden, by proxy in Berlin on 29 April 1858 and then in person in Lisbon on 18 May 1858. It was a happy marriage until Queen Stephanie died a year later from diphtheria. As Pedro and Stephanie's marriage was childless, the Portuguese throne passed to his brother Luís.
Titles, styles and honours
Titles and styles
|Royal styles of|
King Pedro V of Portugal
|Reference style||His Most Faithful Majesty|
|Spoken style||Your Most Faithful Majesty|
- 16 September 1837 – 15 November 1853: His Royal Highness The Prince Royal of Portugal, Duke of Braganza
- 15 November 1853 – 11 November 1861: His Most Faithful Majesty The King of Portugal and the Algarves
Pedro V's official styling as King of Portugal:
By the Grace of God and by the Constitution of the Monarchy, Pedro V, King of Portugal and the Algarves, of either side of the sea in Africa, Lord of Guinea and of Conquest, Navigation, and Commerce of Ethiopia, South Africa, Arabia, Persia and India, etc.
As heir apparent to the Portuguese crown, Pedro held the following titles:
- Duke of Braganza (23rd)
- Duke of Barcelos (18th)
- Duke of Guimarães (20th)
- Marquis of Vila Viçosa (22nd)
- Count of Ourém (24th)
- Count of Barcelos (24th)
- Count of Faria and Neiva (24th)
- Count of Arraiolos (26th)
- Count of Guimarães (21st)
- He was Grand Master of the following orders:
- Austrian Empire: Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Stephen of Hungary - 1854
- Belgium: Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold - 1854
- Empire of Brazil: Grand Cross of the Order of the Southern Cross
- Ernestine duchies: Grand Cross of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order
- Second French Empire: Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour
- Netherlands: Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion
- Kingdom of Prussia:
- Kingdom of Sardinia:
- Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach: Grand Cross of the Order of the White Falcon
- Kingdom of Saxony: Knight of the Order of the Rue Crown
- Spain: Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece - 1846
- Two Sicilies: Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Ferdinand and of Merit
- United Kingdom: Knight of the Order of the Garter - 24 June 1858
The ancestry of Peter V, comprising five generations:
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pedro V of Portugal.|
- "While remaining patrilineal dynasts of the duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha according to pp. 88, 116 of the 1944 Almanach de Gotha, Title 1, Chapter 1, Article 5 of the 1838 Portuguese constitution declared, with respect to Ferdinand II of Portugal's issue by his first wife, that 'the Most Serene House of Braganza is the reigning house of Portugal and continues through the Person of the Lady Queen Maria II'. Thus their mutual descendants constitute the Coburg line of the House of Braganza"
- The autopsy proved the queen had died a virgin. The marriage had never been consummated. Mónica, Maria Filomena. Cenas da Vida Portuguesa, Lisboa: Quetzal, 1999.
- Pinto 1883, pp. XV–XVI.
- Castelo Branco e Torres 1838, pp. XXIV–XXV, XXXIV.
- Pinto 1883, p. XVI.
- "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
- Le livre d'or de l'ordre de Léopold et de la croix de fer, Volume 1 /Ferdinand Veldekens
- "Toison Espagnole (Spanish Fleece) - 19th century" (in French), Chevaliers de la Toison D'or. Retrieved 2018-08-07.
- Wm. A. Shaw, The Knights of England, Volume I (London, 1906) page 60
- Pinto 1883, pp. XV–XLVII.
- Castelo Branco e Torres, João Carlos Feo Cardoso de (1838). Resenha das familias titulares do Reino de Portugal: acompanhada das notícias biographicas de alguns individuos das mesmas famílias (in Portuguese). Lisbon: Imprensa Nacional.
- Pinto, Albano da Silveira (1883). Resenha das familias titulares e grandes de Portugal (in Portuguese). I. Lisbon: Francisco Arthur da Silva.
Pedro V of Portugal
Cadet branch of the House of AvizBorn: 16 September 1837 Died: 11 November 1861
Queen Maria II
| King of Portugal and the Algarves
King Luís I