Peftjauawybast

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Peftjauawybast[2] or Peftjaubast was an ancient Egyptian ruler ("king") of Herakleopolis Magna during the 25th Dynasty.

Biography[edit]

He was likely installed as governor of the town during the coregency of pharaoh Osorkon III and his son Takelot III, in 754 BCE. Some time after the death of Osorkon III, Peftjauawybast proclaimed himself king, adopting a royal titulary and starting to date monuments since his "coronation", which should have occurred in around 749 BCE. It is possible that Takelot III permitted this behavior in exchange of his nominal loyalty. Peftjauawybast also married the princess Irbastudjanefu, a daughter of Rudamun, himself brother and successor of Takelot III, thus binding to the 23rd Dynasty.[3]

For this ruler two donation steles are known,[4] both dated to his Year 10 (the highest ruling year known for him, although his presence on the Victory stele of Piye allows to further expand his reign length), around 740 BCE. The steles mentions another wife, queen Tasheritenese, and two daughters one of which, Pediamennebnesttawy,[5] was a Chantress of Amun. Peftjauawybast is also attested on a golden statuette of the god Heryshaf, found in Herakleopolis.[3]

At the time of Piye's campaign of conquest (729 BCE), the Middle and Lower Egypt were contended by two factions: Piye and his allies/vassals, and the coalition led by the 24th Dynasty pharaoh Tefnakht. Since Peftjauawybast was faithful to the Kushite king,[6] Tefnakht's troops besieged Herakleopolis. Piye, however, was already marching to the Lower Egypt and after capturing Hermopolis he came in help of his vassal, who joyfully welcomed him.[7]

Detail of the Victory stele: Peftjauawybast is the far right kneeling king.

Peftjauawybast appears on Piye's Victory stele unearthed at Jebel Barkal, where is depicted as one of the four "kings" submitted by the Kushite conqueror; the other were Osorkon IV of Tanis, Iuput II of Leontopolis and Nimlot of Hermopolis.[8]

His succession is obscure, since we have no records until the installation of Pediese as governor of Herakleopolis in the early 26th Dynasty, several decades later.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kitchen, op. cit., table 16B
  2. ^ Pef-tjau-awy-Bast, is the name reported by Kenneth Kitchen.
  3. ^ a b Kitchen, op. cit., § 318-9
  4. ^ Cairo CG 45348; TN 11/9/21/4.
  5. ^ Kitchen, op. cit., Table 10
  6. ^ Kitchen, op. cit., § 198
  7. ^ Kitchen, op. cit., § 325
  8. ^ Alan B. Lloyd (ed), A companion of Ancient Egypt, vol. 1, Wiley-Blackwell 2010, p. 135.
  9. ^ Kitchen, op. cit., § 108

Bibliography[edit]