Pegaeae

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In Greek mythology, the Pegaeae (/pəˈi/; Πηγαῖαι) were a type of naiad that lived in springs. They were often considered great aunts of the river gods (Potamoi), thus establishing a mythological relationship between a river itself and its springs.

List of Pegaeae[edit]

The number of Pegaeae included but was not limited to:[1]

Names Notes
Group
The Anigrides daughters of the river god Anigros, were believed to cure skin diseases[2][3]
The Corycian Nymphs
• Coryceia
• Cleodora
• Daphnis
• Melaina
The Cyrtonian nymphs local springs in the town of Cyrtones, Boeotia[4]
The Deliades daughters of Inopus, god of the river Inopus on the island of Delos[5]
The Himerian Naiads [6][7]
The Inachides daughters of the river god Inachus[8][9]
Io
• Amymone
Philodice [10]
• Messeis
• Hyperia
The Ionides [11]
• Calliphaea
• Iasis
Pegaea
• Messeis
• Synallaxis
The Ithacian nymphs dwelled in sacred caves on Ithaca[12]
The Leibethrides [13][14]
• Libethrias
• Petra
The Mysian Naiads dwelled in the spring of Pegae near the lake Askanios in Bithynia and were responsible for the kidnapping of Hylas[15][16]
• Euneica
• Malis
• Nycheia [17]
The Ortygian nymphs local springs of Syracuse, Sicily[18]
The Rhyndacides daughters of the river god Rhyndacus
The Spercheides daughters of the river god Spercheus
Individuals:
Albunea
Alexirhoe daughter of the river god Grenikos[19]
• Archidemia [20]
Arethusa [21][22][23]
Castalia or Cassotis [24]
Comaetho daughter or wife of the river god Cydnus[25]
Cyane
Dirce transformed into a spring (presumably into a nymph personifying it) after her death
• Gargaphie or Plataia one of the daughters of the river god Asopus
• Hagno one of the nurses of infant Zeus
Ismene [26]
• Langia [27]
• Magea [20]
• Milichie [20]
Metope wife of Asopus
Pegasis daughter of the river god Grenikos[28]
Peirene
• Pharmaceia nymph of a poisonous spring in Attika and Orithyia's playmate[29][30]
• Psanis a local spring in Arcadia
Salmacis
• Strophia a spring on Mount Cithaeron near Thebes; barely personified[31]
Telphousa
• Temenitis [20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Theoi Project - List of Nymphs and types of Nymphs
  2. ^ Strabo, Geography 8.3.19
  3. ^ Pausanias, Guide to Greece 5.5.11
  4. ^ Pausanias, Guide to Greece 9.24.4
  5. ^ Callimachus, Hymn IV to Delos, 252
  6. ^ Pindar, Odes Olympian, 12
  7. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 5. 5. 1
  8. ^ Callimachus, Aitia Fragment 66
  9. ^ Gaius Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 4. 374 ff
  10. ^ Tzetzes on Lycophron, 511
  11. ^ Pausanias, Guide to Greece 6.22.7
  12. ^ Homer, Odyssey 13.96 ff
  13. ^ Strabo, Geography 9.2.25; 10.3.17
  14. ^ Pausanias, Guide to Greece 9.34.4
  15. ^ Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 1. 1225 ff.
  16. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 14
  17. ^ Theocritus, Idylls, 13. 44
  18. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 5.5.1
  19. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses 11. 762 ff
  20. ^ a b c d Pliny the Elder, Natural History 3. 89, in a list of Sicilian springs, of which only Arethousa and Cyane are known to have been personified
  21. ^ Strabo, Geography 6. 2. 4
  22. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses 5. 407 & 487 ff
  23. ^ Virgil, Aeneid 3. 694 ff
  24. ^ Pausanias, Guide to Greece 10.8.9; 10.24.7
  25. ^ Nonnus, Dionysiaca, 2. 143-144 & 40 141-143
  26. ^ Bibliotheca 2.6
  27. ^ Statius, Thebaid 4.716
  28. ^ Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 3.300
  29. ^ Plato, Phaedrus 229
  30. ^ Smith, William, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, v. 3, page 238
  31. ^ Callimachus, Hymn 4 to Delos 75 ff

Sources[edit]