|Born||Margaret MacGregor Angus
9 November 1904
|Died||28 October 1993
London Borough of Camden, England
|Education||Royal College of Art|
|Known for||Painting, Design|
|Spouse(s)||James Maude Richards|
Peggy Angus (9 November 1904 – 28 October 1993) was the popular name of Margaret MacGregor Angus, a painter, designer and educator. Born in Chile, she spent her career in Britain.
Margaret MacGregor Angus was born in Chile on 9 November 1904, in a railway station, the eleventh of thirteen children of a Scottish railway engineer. She spent her first five years in Chile. In Britain, she grew up in Muswell Hill and became a pupil at the North London Collegiate School. At 17, she won a painting and teaching scholarship to the Royal College of Art in London. There her contemporaries included the sculptors Henry Moore and Barbara Hepworth, the painters Eric Ravilious and Edward Bawden, and illustrators Barnett Freedman and Enid Marx. Angus wanted to be a painter but soon transferred to the Design School at the RCA, where she was taught by Paul Nash. In order to earn a living, Angus took a teacher training course and began her first teaching post in 1925.
After her visit to Russia in 1932, she became one of the founding members of Artists' International Association, an organisation born out of social and political conflicts of the 1930s. Between 1938 and 1947, Angus was married to James Maude Richards, a young architect and writer, with whom she had a daughter, Victoria, and a son Angus. Later, Richards and Angus divorced. Richards became editor of the Architectural Review and introduced her to many modernist architects. She was a charismatic and formidable character, opinionated and inclined to exhibitionism but also generous spirited, extremely sociable and a great inspiration to many young people.
Angus had a great love of the outdoor life – camping and hiking – and was an intrepid traveller with her rucksack on her back. She eschewed a bourgeois lifestyle for places without modern conveniences, such as Furlongs on the Sussex Downs and her croft in the Outer Hebrides. In her childhood, she befriended gypsies in north London encampments and learnt a little Romany. She travelled widely in Europe and across the Middle East to India and Pakistan, looking at patterns and popular culture. Angus spent a year in Indonesia on a scholarship studying Folk Art in Java and Bali. She went twice to the USSR, in 1932 as a delegate for the Art Masters Association, and again in the late 1960s with her friends Ursula Mommens and Pearl Binder and teachers of music, art and drama, arranged through the Society of Cultural Relations with the USSR.
Design work and art
Angus became best known for her industrial designs, tiles and wallpapers. Her significant achievements included a tile mural for the Susan Lawrence School in east London, a 'live exhibit' for the Festival of Britain, a tile mural at the British Pavilion at the 1958 Bruxelles Exhibition, and tile designs for Sir Frederick Gibberd at London Heathrow Airport Underground Station. She also designed a new form of marbling design for glass cladding for the original buildings at Gatwick Airport, which produced by the firm TW Ide was given the trade name 'Anguside'. The massive post-war increase in new public architecture led to a large number of commissions from F.R.S. Yorke of YRM (Yorke Rosenberg and Mardell) for tile designs, particularly for new schools and colleges. Her tile designs were produced commercially by Carter and Sons of Poole, Dorset. In 1952, she was made a member of the national Council of Industrial Design.
Angus was also interested in mural painting and made several murals for private clients. She tested her designs on demonstration lengths of lining paper. Architects who saw these encouraged her to develop a hand-printed wallpaper business. This coincided with the 1960s expansion of DIY and the development of 'choose your own colour mix' vinyl emulsion paints which she used with hand-cut linoleum printing blocks. She won the Sanderson Centenary wallpaper prize but their subsequent commercial version, which had the regularity of a machine printed design, was far less restful to the eye than the subtle changes of pigment and pressure when done by her own methods. The artist always wanted her designs to be a sympathetic background on which to hang pictures. She continued to print her own designs with the help of a team of willing apprentices.
Angus's paintings of the family of Ramsay MacDonald and of John Piper hang in the National Portrait Gallery in London. Ishbel MacDonald was a lifelong friend; Angus occasionally stayed at Chequers with her and enjoyed the subversiveness of drawing cartoons for the Daily Worker while she was there.
From 1933 onwards Angus rented a shepherd's cottage, Furlongs, near Beddingham at the foot of the South Downs, and made that a home to which a circle of artists of gathered. These included Eric Ravilious and John Piper. Ravilious considered that his time at Furlongs:
...altered my whole outlook and way of painting, I think because the colour of the landscape was so lovely and the design so beautifully obvious ... that I simply had to abandon my tinted drawings.
Ravilious made many drawings and paintings of the Downs around Furlongs and of the cottage inside and out. He and Peggy both made paintings together at the quarry and cement works at Asham nearby. Other visitors included Herbert Read, Olive Cook and Edwin Smith and Percy Horton and architects Moholy-Nagy, Serge Chermayeff, Ernő Goldfinger, Frederick Gibberd, Maxwell Fry and Jane Drew. Her lifelong friendship with John Piper and Myfanwy Evans resulted in a long correspondence about Folk Art and Popular Art.
Peggy Angus was a part-time teacher for much of her life and believed her teaching was as important as creating her own work. Post-war she taught briefly alongside Quentin Bell at a private girls school in Sussex (they had been friends and colleagues in the Artists International Association). From 1930-1946, Angus taught art at secondary schools in Sussex and London, before returning to North London Collegiate School.
As Head of Art at the North London Collegiate School for Girls, her own old school, she believed in setting up communal projects where pupils works could be displayed to their best advantage. These project also improved the school's visual environment and expanded her influence beyond the art rooms. She wanted to encourage a sense of patronage and visual literacy for all, including those not thinking of following an artistic career. She remained as a teacher in 1947 till 1970.
- Carolyn Trant, Art for Life: the Story of Peggy Angus (2 vols., 2005. Incline Press) [Limited edition]
- Tanya Harrod (2 November 1993). "'Peggy Angus:Obituary.". The Independent. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
- Peggy Angus. September 2006. Retrieved 19 January 2009.
- Arber, Katie (2002). Peggy Angus, designer of modern tiles for a modern Britain. Decorative Arts Society 1850 to the Present. pp. 121–134.
- James Russell (2 September 2014). "Peggy Angus, Painter, Teacher at Towner Eastbourne". Public Catalogue Foundation. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
- East Sussex Record Office: Report of the County Archivist, April 2006 to March 2007. August 2007. Retrieved 19 January 2009.
- Rachel Cooke (5 July 2014). "'Peggy Angus was a warrior. Women weren't supposed to be like that'.". The Observer. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
- David Bailey (2004). Steeped in History (Winter). Retrieved 19 January 2009.
- Ramsay MacDonald with members of his family (includes Peggy Angus; Ishbel Allan MacDonald (Mrs Peterkin); Malcolm John MacDonald; Ramsay MacDonald), BBC Your paintings. retrieved 18 January 2014.
- Paul Laity (30 April 2011). "Eric Ravilious:ups and Downs". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
- Arber, Katie (2002). "Peggy Angus, designer of modern tiles for a modern Britain". The Journal of the Decorative Arts Society 1850 - the Present.
- Freemann, Laura (August 2, 2014). "Pussy's in the well". Spectator in the Well.