Pehr G. Gyllenhammar
Pehr G. Gyllenhammar
Pehr Gustaf Gyllenhammar
28 April 1935
|Alma mater||Lund University|
|Title||CEO of Volvo|
(m. 1959; died 2008)
(m. 2010; div. 2012)
Lee Welton Croll (m. 2013)
|Children||Cecilia (b. 1961)|
Charlotte (b. 1963)
Oscar (b. 1966)
Sophie (b. 1969)
Daughter (b. 2016)
Pehr Gustaf Gyllenhammar (born 28 April 1935) is a Swedish businessman. He is mainly known for his 24 years as CEO and chairman of Volvo, between 1970 and 1994. In the early 1980s he took the initiative for the European Round Table of Industrialists (ERT).
Gyllenhammar is now Vice Chairman of Rothschild Europe. Gyllenhammar was made Commander of the "Ordre National du Mérite" in France in 1980 and he was made Commander of the Legion of Honour in France in 1987. Gyllenhammar became an Honorary Master of the Bench of the Inner Temple, London in 2001,
Gyllenhammar was born in Gothenburg, Sweden to a Jewish family. He is the son of Pehr Gyllenhammar Sr. and Aina (née Kaplan). He did his military service at Bohuslän Regiment (I 17) in Uddevalla from 1954 to 1955 and became a sergeant. Gyllenhammar graduated from Lund University with a degree in law in 1959 and did internship at law firms in Sweden and studied maritime law in the United States and then aspects of Industrialism at the Centre d’Etudes Industrielles in Geneva, Switzerland in 1968.
He was employed at the insurance company Amphion AB in Gothenburg from 1961 to 1964 and became Deputy Chief Administrative Officer of Skandia Group in 1965. Gyllenhammar became Deputy CEO in 1968 in 1970 he replaced his father, Pehr Gyllenhammar Sr., as CEO. After only a few months he moved to Volvo where he became the CEO in 1971. He replaced his father-in-law Gunnar Engellau, who became chairman, in that position.
Gyllenhammar became one of the most famous businessmen in Sweden at Volvo. He mixed success with failure. He oversaw a wide-reaching diversification of Volvo's business, buying, among other things pharmaceutical company Pharmacia. What finally forced him to leave Volvo was a failed merger with French company Renault.
After Volvo, Gyllenhammar withdrew from Swedish public life and moved to London where he eventually became chairman of insurance company Aviva. He returned to Swedish business in 2004 as Chairman of Investment AB Kinnevik. Gyllenhammar is no longer a member of Investment AB Kinnevik's board.
Gyllenhammar was the CEO of Svenska skeppshypotekskassan and Ship Transport Secondary Loan Fund (Skeppsfartens sekundärlånekassa) in Gothenburg from 1970 to 1976, chairman there from 1976, board member of Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken from 1979 to 1994 including vice chairman from 1979 to 1994. Gyllenhammar was board member of United Technologies in Hartford, Connecticut from 1981, Swedish Intercontinental Airlines from 1982, Kissinger Associates in New York City from 1982 to 1997, Atlas Copco from 1982, Hamilton Brothers Petroleum in Denver, Colorado from 1982, S. Pearson & Son in London from 1983 to 1997, Swedish Employers Association from 1979, Sveriges Industriförbund from 1979, FA-rådet from 1981, member of the Reuters Holdings PLC from 1984.
He was also a board member of Philips Electronics NV in Eindhoven from 1990 to 1995, Régie Nationale des Usines Renault SA in Paris from 1990 to 1993 and well as chairman of Procordia from 1990 to 1992. Gyllenhammar was board member of Polygram NV from 1996 and became chairman of the board of Commercial Union PLC in 1998 and senior advisor of Lazard Frères & Co LLC in New York City in 1996. Gyllenhammar was the chairman of Aviva and deputy chairman of Rothschild Europe, chairman of Reuters Founders Share Company Limited and of the European Financial Services Roundtable. He was also a member of the International Advisory Committee of Chase Manhattan Bank 1972-1995.
Majid Al Futtaim Group
He became a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences in 1974, honorary member of Gothenburg nation at Lund University in 1975 and an Honorary Degree of Doctor of Medicine of the University of Gothenburg in 1981. Gyllenhammar also conferred the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Technology at Brunel University London, England in 1987, the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Engineering at the Technical University of Nova Scotia, Canada in 1988, the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Social Sciences at the University of Helsinki in 1990, the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Law at the University of Vermont, USA, in 1993, and the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Economics at the School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg in 2003. He is also a fellow of the Norwegian Academy of Technological Sciences. Gyllenhammar became an Honorary Master of the Bench of the Inner Temple in London in 2001.
Gyllenhammar has in the past been an outspoken supporter of the Liberal People's Party. In his 1973 book I Believe in Sweden (Jag tror på Sverige) he was steadfast in his support for the Scandinavian model and argued for the kind social liberalism the Liberal People's Party used to support. Gyllenhammar served on the Party board and was widely considered as a future leader of the party. At times, he revealed an ambition to become Prime Minister of Sweden.
Gyllenhammar was married 1959–2008 to Christina Engellau (1936-2008), the daughter of Volvo CEO Gunnar Engellau and Margit (née Höckert). They had three daughters and one son: Cecilia, Charlotte, Sophie, and Oscar. He married the horse sports journalist Christel Behrmann in 2010. They divorced in 2012. In April 2013 he married the British-Canadian doctor of psychology, Lee Welton Croll. Their first child was born in 2016.
- Cecilia von Krusenstjerna, his oldest daughter who grew up as the "Princess of Göteborg", has written a novel about the childhood of an upper class girl, the daughter of a business man in Göteborg, marked by eating disorder and self-disgust. The novel is strongly critical towards Cecilia's upper-class background and, she admits, contains critic of both her parents but also purely fictional elements. In the novel, the father is described as constantly unfaithful and the mother as failing to love her daughter. Cecilia refuses to give any detail of what is purely fiction in the novel, but claims both her parents have read it and supports her. Cecilia gave up a career as a journalist and has chosen not to make a career because of those of her parents.
- Charlotte Gyllenhammar, a younger daughter, is a well-established artist with numerous exhibitions, public art commissions, and representation at various museums in Sweden.
- Sophie Gyllenhammar Mattson worked as a consultant before embarking a successful career as a designer of gold and jewels and has established her own brand "Sophie by Sophie".
- Oscar Gyllenhammar was working for Icon Medialab before starting his own IT company Compost in 2000 and has since made a failed attempt to start an internet portal (autoo.se) "together with some friends".
Awards and decorations
- H. M. The King's Medal, 12th size gold (silver-gilt) medal worn around the neck on the Order of the Seraphim ribbon (1981)
- Commander First Class of the Order of Vasa (1973)
- Commander First Class of the Order of the White Rose of Finland (1986; Commander 1977)
- Commander of the Order of St. Olav (1984)
- Commander of the Order of Leopold (1989)
- Commander of the Legion of Honour (1987)
- Commander of the National Order of Merit (1980)
- Hållbus, Susanna (2016-04-28). "PG Gyllenhammar, 81, pappa igen" [PG Gyllenhammar, 81, becomes a father again]. Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 2016-04-28.
- Vem är det: svensk biografisk handbok. 1985 [Who is it: Swedish biographical handbook. 1985] (in Swedish). Stockholm: Norstedt. 1984. pp. 408–409. ISBN 91-1-843222-0.
- Höglund, Jan (24 March 2011). "Gyllenhammar hade Nato-uppdrag" [Gyllenhammar had NATO assignments]. Göteborgs-Posten (in Swedish). Retrieved 16 March 2017.
- Scobbie, Irene (2010). The A to Z of Sweden. The A to Z guide series ; 239. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow. p. 86. ISBN 9780810872189. LIBRIS 11859466.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-07-29. Retrieved 2014-01-07.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Gafvelin, Elisabeth, ed. (1998). Vem är det: svensk biografisk handbok. 1999 [Who is it: Swedish biographical handbook. 1999] (in Swedish). Stockholm: Norstedt. pp. 401–402. ISBN 91-1-300536-7. LIBRIS 3681522.
- Norrström, Maria (23 October 2003). "Pressinbjudan Gyllenhammar" (in Swedish). School of Business, Economics and Law. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
- Pehr Gustaf Gyllenhammar
- Majid Al Futtaim Group website Archived September 14, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- "Mr Pehr Gyllenhammar". European Financial Services Roundtable. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
- "Medlemmer: GYLLENHAMMAR, Pehr Gustaf" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Academy of Technological Sciences. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
- Thunberg, Karin (2004-04-03). "Jag ljög om mitt efternamn" [I lied about my family name]. Svenska Dagbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 2007-07-26.
- "Kofi Annan inviger minnesmärke" [Kofi Annan inaugurates commemorative monument] (in Swedish). Göteborg Culture Administration. Retrieved 2007-07-26.[permanent dead link]
- "Charlotte Gyllenhammar CV" (PDF). Göteborg Culture Administration. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-02-27. Retrieved 2007-07-26.
- "Sophie by Sophie/Biography". Archived from the original on 2007-07-17. Retrieved 2007-07-26.
- "Icon-avhoppare startar Compost". Dagens Industri (in Swedish). 2000-10-11. Retrieved 2007-07-26.
- "Bilsajten Autoo.se i konkurs". Dagens Industri (in Swedish). 2007-07-04. Retrieved 2007-07-26.
- "Sök medaljförläning" [Search awarded medals] (in Swedish). Royal Court of Sweden. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
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