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It overlooks the River Peillon. Higher still than the village are the ruins of a château dating from the thirteenth century.
Peille includes the quartiers of La Grave de Peille, where the cement works of VICAT is located, Paravieille, Gaudissart, St. Martin de Peille, La Paran, Les Lacs, Colletta Soubrana de la Grava, Colletta Soutrana de la Grava.
It is thought the area was once home to a little-known Liguriantribe the Oratelli of Peille Today the village is notable for its narrow streets, small squares, and architecture dating to the Medieval period. Examples of this architecture include the remnants of the village fortifications, the 14th century courthouse known as the "Palais des Consuls". On the very edge of the cliff face is a large building known as the "Palais des Lascaris" this too dates from the fourteenth century. The village has a twelfth-century church in the Romanesque style with ancient frescos decorating its interior.
The village is close to the Peille-Laghet fault trace and on the 1st November 1999 was the epicentre of the small Peille earthquake which measured (M[w] = 3.4) 
Courboulex, Françoise; Duval, Anne-Marie; Deschamps, Anne; Lomax, Antony; Larroque, Christophe (2001). "Les enseignements du petit séisme de Peille (Alpes-Maritimes, France)" [All that the small Peille earthquake (South-East of France) can teach us]. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences - Series IIA - Earth and Planetary Science (in French). 333 (2): 105–12. doi:10.1016/S1251-8050(01)01615-9. INIST:1121523.