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Entrance to the Beiping Municipal Government office in 1935.

Beiping or Peiping (Chinese: 北平; pinyin: Běipíng; Wade–Giles: Pei3-p'ing2), meaning "Northern Peace" in Chinese, is a former name of Beijing, which means "Northern Capital". The city was called Beiping from 1368 to 1403 and from 1928 to 1949, when the Chinese capital was at Nanjing, or "Southern Capital".[1] In 1403 and again in 1949, the city's name was changed from Beiping to Beijing or Northern Capital. From 1937 to 1945, the city under Japanese occupation served as the capital of a puppet regime and was renamed Beijing but most Chinese histories use the name Beiping for the city during that time period.[1]

Street sign for Beiping West Road in Taipei, where the city of Beijing was called Beiping for decades before 1949.

For decades after 1949, the Republic of China on Taiwan, which does not officially recognize the establishment of the People's Republic of China on the mainland, continued to identify the city as Beiping.

Other uses[edit]

Beiping can also refer to historical names of other places in Chinese history, including:

See also[edit]