Peist

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Peist
Former municipality of Switzerland
Peist1.jpg
Coat of arms of Peist
Coat of arms
Peist is located in Switzerland
Peist
Peist
Peist is located in Canton of Graubünden
Peist
Peist
Coordinates: 46°50′N 9°40′E / 46.833°N 9.667°E / 46.833; 9.667Coordinates: 46°50′N 9°40′E / 46.833°N 9.667°E / 46.833; 9.667
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Plessur
Area
 • Total 7.93 km2 (3.06 sq mi)
Elevation 1,340 m (4,400 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 209
 • Density 26/km2 (68/sq mi)
Postal code 7029
SFOS number 3929
Surrounded by Arosa, Fideris, Furna, Jenaz, Langwies, Molinis, St. Peter-Pagig
Website
SFSO statistics

Peist is a former municipality in the district of Plessur in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. On 1 January 2013 the former municipalities of Peist, Calfreisen, Castiel, Langwies, Lüen, Molinis and St. Peter-Pagig merged into the municipality of Arosa.[1]

History[edit]

Peist is first mentioned in 1084 as de Paiste.[2]

Geography[edit]

Schanfigg valley near Peist; the railway station is shown

Before the merger, Peist had a total area of 17.9 km2 (6.9 sq mi).[3] Of this area, 57% is used for agricultural purposes, while 35.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (5.7%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

The former municipality is located in the Schanfigg sub-district of the Plessur district. It consists of the linear village of Peist on the northern slope of the mid-Schanfigg.

Nearby is the Peist railway station, on the Chur-Arosa railway line.

Demographics[edit]

Peist had a population (as of 2010) of 209.[3] As of 2008, 4.0% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[4] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -7%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (93.4%), with Portuguese being second most common ( 3.1%) and Italian being third ( 1.3%).[3]

As of 2000, the distribution of the sexes in the population was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.[5] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Peist is; 41 children or 17.9% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 27 teenagers or 11.8% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 15 people or 6.6% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 43 people or 18.8% are between 30 and 39, 23 people or 10.0% are between 40 and 49, and 21 people or 9.2% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 35 people or 15.3% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 17 people or 7.4% are between 70 and 79, there are 7 people or 3.1% who are between 80 and 89.[4]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 53.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (24.8%), the FDP (11.1%) and the CVP (7.2%).[3]

In Peist about 69.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Peist has an unemployment rate of 2.54%. As of 2005, there were 25 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 11 businesses involved in this sector. 39 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 5 businesses in this sector. 8 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 5 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2]

year population
1780 312
1850 236
1900 160
1950 180
2000 229

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz (German) accessed 9 February 2013
  2. ^ a b Peist in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 11 February 2013 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "SFSO" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  4. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009

External links[edit]