|Population||172 (2006 census)|
|LGA(s)||District Council of Orroroo Carrieton|
Pekina is a town in the Mid North region of South Australia. The town is located in the District Council of Orroroo Carrieton local government area, 270 kilometres (170 mi) north of the state capital, Adelaide. At the 2006 census, Pekina and the surrounding area had a population of 172. The name of the town is thought to derive from the Aboriginal word for "creek water".
European settlement in the Pekina district began in earnest in 1846 when Price Maurice brought 3000 sheep to the district. The Pekina station, "one of the most profitable sheep runs" in South Australia, became a stopping-point for coaches on the run between Blinman and Burra. In 1871, the station was resumed and broken up for closer settlement. The region was settled by German and especially Irish migrant farmers. Problems with drought, rust and locusts in the 1880s meant the town grew slowly with only around 75 residents at the beginning of the 20th century.
Pekina's Irish Roman Catholic heritage has seen the district nicknamed "Vatican Valley".
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Pekina (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
- "Pekina". South Australian place names. State Library of South Australia. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
- "Pekina". South Australian History. Flinders Ranges History.
- "Pekina". District Council of Orroroo Carrieton. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
- "Former Pekina Animal Pound". South Australian Heritage Register. Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 12 February 2016.