Pelagic pipefish

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Pelagic pipefish
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Syngnathiformes
Family: Syngnathidae
Genus: Syngnathus
Species:
S. phlegon
Binomial name
Syngnathus phlegon
A. Risso, 1827

Pelagic pipefish, Syngnathus phlegon, is a pipefish species of the family Syngnathidae.

Distribution[edit]

This species inhabits the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea as well as the nearby waters of the eastern Atlantic Ocean.[2][1]

Description[edit]

This marine pelagic-neritic fish can reach a total length of 20.0 cm. The general shape of the body is very similar to that of congeners like Syngnathus abaster. It is characterized by the presence of spines along the bony rings surrounding the body. The basic color is blue with white belly and a dark spot on each ring.[2]

Fossil of Syngnathus phlegon from Pliocene of Italy

Biology[edit]

The pelagic pipefish is mainly an offshore species which occurs in pelagic and coastal waters, often in small groups. This species is ovoviviparous: the males bear the fertilised eggs laid by the females in a brood pouch found under the tail.[1]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Breder, C.M. i D.E. Rosen, 1966. Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p.
  • Costa F. Atlante dei pesci dei mari italiani Mursia 1991 ISBN 8842510033
  • Dawson, C.E., 1986. Syngnathidae. p. 628-639. A: P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen y E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris, Vol. 2.
  • Fenner, Robert M.: The Conscientious Marine Aquarist. Neptune City, New Jersey, USA: T.F.H. Publications, 2001.
  • Helfman, G., B. Collette y D. Facey: The diversity of fishes. Blackwell Science, Malden, Massachusetts, USA, 1997.
  • Hoese, D.F. 1986:. A M.M. Smith y P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany.
  • Louisy P., Trainito E. (a cura di) Guida all'identificazione dei pesci marini d'Europa e del Mediterraneo. Milano, Il Castello, 2006. ISBN 888039472X
  • Maugé, L.A. 1986. A J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse y D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Bruxelles. Vol. 2.
  • Moyle, P. y J. Cech.: Fishes: An Introduction to Ichthyology, 4th. ed., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. 2000.
  • Nelson, J.: Fishes of the World, 3rd. ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons. 1994.
  • Wheeler, A.: The World Encyclopedia of Fishes, 2nd. Ed., London: Macdonald. 1985.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Wiswedel, S. (2014). "Syngnathus phlegon". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2014: e.T198766A46263297. Retrieved 9 June 2018.
  2. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2018). "Sygnathus phlegon" in FishBase. February 2018 version.