Pelasgia, Phthiotis

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Pelasgia
Πελασγία
Pelasgia is located in Greece
Pelasgia
Pelasgia
Coordinates: 38°57′N 22°50′E / 38.950°N 22.833°E / 38.950; 22.833Coordinates: 38°57′N 22°50′E / 38.950°N 22.833°E / 38.950; 22.833
Country Greece
Administrative region Central Greece
Regional unit Phthiotis
Municipality Stylida
 • Municipal unit 128.33 km2 (49.55 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Municipal unit 2,860
 • Municipal unit density 22/km2 (58/sq mi)
Community[1]
 • Population 1,615 (2011)
 • Area (km2) 52.09
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Vehicle registration ΜΙ

Pelasgia (Greek: Πελασγία, formerly Γαρδίκι - Gardiki),[2] is a town and a former municipality in Phthiotis, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Stylida, of which it is a municipal unit.[3] The municipal unit has an area of 128.334 km2, the community 52.089 km2.[4] In the 2011 census, the municipal unit of Pelasgia numbered 2,860 inhabitants, the town proper 1,497.[1]

History[edit]

The village is located at the northern entrance of the Malian Gulf, some 2 km south of the acropolis of the ancient city of Larisa Kremaste.[5]

The ancient city is still mentioned until the early Byzantine period, but was abandoned after the Slavic invasions of the 7th century and reappears only in the 11th century under the new, Slavic, name of Gardiki,[5] which the settlement bore until 1927, when it was renamed to Pelasgia.[2]

In the 11th century, Gardiki—referred to in Byzantine sources also as hetera Gardikia (ἑτέρα Γαρδικία), "the other Gardiki", to distinguish it from the town of the same name near Trikala—was an episcopal see (a suffragan see of the Metropolis of Larissa).[5] The Jewish traveller Benjamin of Tudela, who visited it in 1165, found it almost deserted, with only a few Greek and Jewish families resident.[5] Nevertheless, under Emperor Isaac II Angelos in 1189 it is listed as among the metropolitan sees, albeit without any suffragans.[5] A manuscript list indicates that there was a Greek bishop named John in 1191–92.[6]

In the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade, the town came under Frankish rule, and was known as Gardichy, Cardiche, Lacardica, and Gaudica.[5] The local see accordingly came under the Latin Church.[6] Lequien (II, 979) and Gams[7] mention five Latin bishops from 1208 to 1389, the first being Bartholomew, to whom many letters of Pope Innocent III are addressed;[6] Bartholomew was also bishop of Velestino and Demetrias,[5] and seems to have been the only residential Latin bishop.[8]

In 1222 it was recovered by the Epirote Greeks and the see was restored to its Greek Orthodox clergy, becoming an archbishopric and eventually again a metropolis.[5] In 1275 it was ceded by the ruler of Thessaly, John I Doukas, along with Zetounion, Gravia, and Siderokastron, to the Duchy of Athens as part of the dowry of his daughter Helena Angelina Komnene.[9][10] In ca. 1294 the town was granted by the Duke of Athens Guy II de la Roche to Boniface of Verona, who held its lordship at least until the Battle of Halmyros in 1311.[5]

Along with other towns in southern Thessaly such as Domokos and Pharsalus, in the mid-1320s Gardiki came briefly under the rule of the Catalan Company, which had taken over the Duchy of Athens in the aftermath of Halmyros.[5][11] Latin bishops of the Dioecesis Cardicensis are still mentioned in 1363 and ca. 1396.[5] The town surrendered to the Ottoman Turks after the fall of Euboea in 1470, and its inhabitants were deported to Constantinople.[5]

The diocese is today listed by the Roman Catholic Church as a titular see.[12]

The substantial boundary walls of the ancient acropolis are still visible, and mosaics from an early Christian basilica have been uncovered a short distance away near the shore.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority. 
  2. ^ a b "Πανδέκτης: Gardiki -- Pelasgia". Retrieved 20 October 2010. 
  3. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  4. ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Koder & Hild 1976, p. 161.
  6. ^ a b c Sophrone Pétridès, "Cardica" in Catholic Encyclopedia (New York 1908)
  7. ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 432
  8. ^ Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. 1, pp. 166–167; vol. 3, p. 153; vol. 4, p. 135; vol. 5, p. 143
  9. ^ Koder & Hild 1976, pp. 72, 161.
  10. ^ Fine 1994, p. 188.
  11. ^ Fine 1994, p. 243.
  12. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), "Sedi titolari", p. 858

Sources[edit]