Pelasgus

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In Greek mythology, Pelasgus (Ancient Greek: Πελασγός, Pelasgós means "ancient"[1]) was the eponymous ancestor of the Pelasgians, the mythical inhabitants of Greece who established the worship of the Dodonaean Zeus, Hephaestus, the Cabeiri, and other divinities. In the different parts of the country once occupied by Pelasgians, there existed different traditions as to the origin and connection of Pelasgus. The ancient Greeks even used to believe that he was the first man.

  • Thessalian Pelasgoí
    • Pelasgus, an Argive prince as son of Poseidon and Larissa, daughter of the Pelasgus, son of Triopas. Together with his brothers Phthius and Achaeus, they left Achaean Argos with a Pelasgian contingent for Thessaly. They then established a colony on the said country naming it after themselves: Pelasgiotis, Phthiotis and Achaea.[16] Pelasgus was also the founder of the Thessalian Argos.[17][18] He was also said to be the father of Phrastor by the nymph Menippe.[19] Pelasgus is also said to have been the ancestor of the Tyrrhenians through the following lineage: Pelasgus - Phrastor - Amyntor - Teutamides - Nanas. In the latter's reign, the Pelasgians were believed to have left Greece and to have settled in a new land that later came to be named Tyrrhenia.[20]
    • Pelasgus, father of Chlorus and grandfather of Haemon[21] or the father of Haemon and grandfather of Thessalus instead.[22] He may be the same man with the above Pelasgus.
  • Homeric Pelasgus
  • In the Iliad, Homer characterizes the Pelasgians as brave fighters. To fight the war, they migrated from the Balkan peninsula into Asia Minor. The Pelasgians fought against the tribes of Greeks in the war of Troy.
    • Pelasgus, father of Hippothous, one of the Trojan leaders who fought alongside the Dardanians and other allies defending the walls of the city of Troy.[23] In some accounts Hippothous' father was called Lethus, son of the above Teutamides.[24]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Robert Graves. The Greek Myths, section 12 s.v. Hera and her Children
  2. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 1.14.2 & 2.22.1
  3. ^ Scholia on Euripides, Orestes 920
  4. ^ Eustathius on Homer, p. 385
  5. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 145
  6. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 2.16.1
  7. ^ Hesiod in Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2.1.1
  8. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 2.14.3 & 8.1.2
  9. ^ a b Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.8.1
  10. ^ Tzetzes on Lycophron 481
  11. ^ Scholia ad Euripides, Orestes 1642
  12. ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae 1.11.2 & 1.13.1
  13. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 225
  14. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 8.22.2
  15. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 2.14.4
  16. ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae 1.17.3
  17. ^ Eustathius on Homer, p. 321
  18. ^ Clinton, Fast. Hell. vol. 1. p. 9
  19. ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae 1.28.3
  20. ^ Hellanicus' Phoronis as cited in Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Antiquitates Romanae 1.28.3 (Hellanicus fr. 4 Fowler, pp. 156–176)
  21. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium, Ethnica s.v. Haimonia
  22. ^ Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 3.1089
  23. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca Epitome of Book 4.3.35
  24. ^ Homer, Iliad 2.843

References[edit]

  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.