Pelham, Ontario

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Pelham
Town of Pelham
Pelham place sign.JPG
Pelham is located in Regional Municipality of Niagara
Pelham
Pelham
Pelham is located in Southern Ontario
Pelham
Pelham
Coordinates: 43°02′N 79°20′W / 43.033°N 79.333°W / 43.033; -79.333Coordinates: 43°02′N 79°20′W / 43.033°N 79.333°W / 43.033; -79.333
Country Canada
Province Ontario
RegionNiagara
Formed1970
Government
 • MayorMarvin Junkin
 • Federal ridingNiagara West
 • Prov. ridingNiagara West
Area
 • Land126.43 km2 (48.81 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total17,110
 • Density135.3/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal Code
L0S
Area code(s)905, 289, 365
Websitewww.pelham.ca
Town Hall in Pelham Centre

The Town of Pelham (2016 population 17,110) is located in the centre of Niagara Region in Ontario, Canada.

The town's southern boundary is formed by the Welland River, a meandering waterway that flows into the Niagara River. To the west is the township of West Lincoln, to the east the city of Welland and the city of Thorold, and to the north the city of St. Catharines and the town of Lincoln. North Pelham contains the picturesque Short Hills (see attractions). Two important creeks have their headwaters within Pelham; Coyle Creek, which flows south into the Welland River, and Twelve Mile creek, a spring-fed stream that flows north into Lake Ontario.

History[edit]

Pelham Township was part of the original Welland County since the late 1780s. The Town of Pelham (est. 1970) derives its name from Pelham Township, which John Graves Simcoe named in the 1790s. Simcoe gave names to the Townships of Niagara created to provide land for Loyalist refugees, disbanded troops, former rangers, and others after the British defeat in the Revolutionary War (which ended in 1783). In the beginning, the townships were only numbered and not named. The policy of Simcoe was to adopt township names from England. Pelham was named after the Pelham family though it is uncertain which particular Pelham family member it is attributed to - either Henry Fiennes Pelham-Clinton (nephew to 2 Prime Ministers and considered powerful and influential) or Charles Anderson Pelham (a quiet MP who spoke only once in 26 years in the House of Commons). But in fact, it turns out that it was named after early landowner Joshua Pell's family manor in Westchester County, New York—Pelham Manor—lost by the Loyalist Pells during the American Revolution (Pell went first in exile to Nova Scotia in 1783, before later being granted lands in the Niagara area after a direct appeal to George III.).[2]

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