Pelham Bay Park (IRT Pelham Line)

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 Pelham Bay Park
 "6" train "6" express train
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Pelham Bay Park (IRT Pelham Line) by David Shankbone.jpg
Station platform
Station statistics
Address Bruckner Boulevard & Westchester Avenue
Bronx, NY 10461
Borough The Bronx
Locale Pelham Bay
Coordinates 40°51′10″N 73°49′38″W / 40.852871°N 73.827138°W / 40.852871; -73.827138Coordinates: 40°51′10″N 73°49′38″W / 40.852871°N 73.827138°W / 40.852871; -73.827138
Division A (IRT)
Line IRT Pelham Line
Services       6 all times except weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (all times except weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction) <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction)​
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: Bx5, Bx12, Bx12 SBS, Bx24, Bx29
Bus transport MTA Bus: Bx23, BxM8, Q50
Bus transport Bee-Line Bus: 45
Structure Elevated
Platforms 1 island platform (in service)
2 side platforms (unused)
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened December 20, 1920; 97 years ago (1920-12-20)
Station code 360[1]
Accessible This station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Traffic
Passengers (2016) 2,208,725[2]Decrease 5.5%
Rank 224 out of 422
Station succession
Next north (Terminal): 6 all times except weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
Next south Buhre Avenue (local): 6 all times except weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
Parkchester (express): no regular service


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 north none: 6 all times except weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 south Hunts Point Avenue: 6 all times <6> weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction

Pelham Bay Park is the northern terminal station of the IRT Pelham Line of the New York City Subway. Located by Pelham Bay Park, at the intersection of the Bruckner Expressway and Westchester Avenue in the Bronx, it is served by the 6 train at all times, except weekdays in the peak direction, when the <6> serves it.

History[edit]

Service to Pelham Bay Park began on December 20, 1920, when the Pelham Line was extended from Westchester Square.[3][4][5] Service to Pelham Bay Park was originally provided by a mix of through and shuttle trains during the 1920s.[6]:73–74

In 1981, the MTA listed the station among the 69 most deteriorated stations in the subway system.[7]

Station layout[edit]

Track layout
P
Platform level
Side platform, not in service
West track "6" express train AM rush, "6" train other times toward Brooklyn Bridge (Buhre Avenue)
(No service: Parkchester)
Island platform, doors will open on the left or right Handicapped/disabled access
East track "6" express train AM rush, "6" train other times toward Brooklyn Bridge (Buhre Avenue)
(No service: Parkchester)
Side platform, not in service
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent, MetroCard machines
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevator at back of station beyond escalators, near corner of Westchester Avenue and Bruckner Boulevard)
G Street level Exit/entrance
Pedestrian overpass and headhouse

This is an elevated station which has two tracks, one island platform and two disused side platforms. The tracks end at bumper blocks at the north end of the platforms. The station was formerly set up as a Spanish solution with alighting passengers using the side platforms and boarding passengers using the island platform. Now all passengers use the island platform.[8]

During 2005, rooms were located on the side platforms for temporary crew use while the crew quarters at the north end of the station was rebuilt. At the south end is a staff-only crossover bridge between the center and west side platform. It also used to connect to the east side platform but that portion has been removed. There is also a tower and crew facilities at the south end. There are old style signs which are covered over on the main platform.

Pelham Bay Park is the only New York City Subway terminal that does not use numerical track labels, but rather track labels based on the compass points of the world (i.e. East track, West track).[9] Punch boxes exist, however, at the south end of the island platform where the corresponding track numbers (Track 1 and 2) are used,

Exits[edit]

Fare control is in the mezzanine below the platforms. There are two staircases, an escalator, and an elevator that lead to Westchester Avenue. There is also a pedestrian bridge from the station entrance that crosses the Bruckner Expressway and leads to Pelham Bay Park.[10] The elevators were renovated from June 2015 to April 2016.[11]

Unbuilt line expansion[edit]

As part of the 1968 Program for Action, the Pelham Line would have been extended to a modern terminal nearby in the Co-op City housing complex, and the Pelham Line would have been converted to B Division standards so lettered trains could use the line.[12][13] Because of the 1975 New York City fiscal crisis, most of the remaining projects did not have funding, so they were declined.[14] If built, the extension would have been completed by the mid-1970s or early 1980s.[15][16]

The Taking of Pelham One Two Three superstition[edit]

In the novel The Taking of Pelham One Two Three by Morton Freedgood and its film adaptations (the 1974 original and the 1998 and 2009 remakes), the train that gets hijacked leaves the Pelham Bay Park station at 1:23 p.m. (hence the title). Realizing that it would become too much of a reminder to the public, after the 1974 film's release, the New York City Transit Authority, for many years, banned any schedule of a train leaving this station either at 1:23 in the afternoon or in the morning. Eventually this policy was rescinded, but due to the superstitions involved, dispatchers have continued to avoid scheduling a Manhattan-bound train to leave at 1:23.[17]

Nearby points of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2011–2016". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 31, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017. 
  3. ^ York, Bronx Board of Trade, New (1931). A Comprehensive General and Industrial Survey: The Bronx in the City of New York. Bronx Board of Trade. p. 27. 
  4. ^ Brooklyn Daily Eagle Almanac. Brooklyn Daily Eagle. 1922. p. 372. 
  5. ^ Moodys Manual of Railroads and Corporation Securities. Moody Manual Company. 1922. 
  6. ^ Annual Report. J.B. Lyon Company. 1922. 
  7. ^ Gargan, Edward A. (June 11, 1981). "AGENCY LISTS ITS 69 MOST DETERIORATED SUBWAY STATIONS". The New York Times. Retrieved August 13, 2016. 
  8. ^ Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books. 
  9. ^ Tricarico, Michael (April 12, 2004). "Track labels with service sign and 6 train on East track". www.nycsubway.org. Pelham Bay Park: www.nycsubway.org. Retrieved July 27, 2016. 
  10. ^ "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Pelham Bay" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved July 20, 2016. 
  11. ^ "mta.info | Station Information". web.mta.info. Retrieved March 25, 2016. 
  12. ^ "Full text of "Metropolitan transportation, a program for action. Report to Nelson A. Rockefeller, Governor of New York."". Internet Archive. November 7, 1967. Retrieved October 1, 2015. 
  13. ^ Witkin, Richard (February 29, 1968). "$2.9-BILLION TRANSIT PLAN FOR NEW YORK AREA LINKS SUBWAYS, RAILS, AIRPORTS; 2-PHASE PROPOSAL Program by Governor Calls for $1.6-Billion in First 10 Years 2-PHASE PROPOSAL FOR TRANSIT GIVEN" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved October 11, 2015. 
  14. ^ Raskin, Joseph B. (November 1, 2013), The Routes Not Taken: A Trip Through New York City's Unbuilt Subway System, Fordham University Press, ISBN 978-0-8232-5369-2 
  15. ^ "New Line May Get Double Trackage: Transit Unit Shift on Queens Super-Express" (PDF). The New York Times. February 21, 1971. Retrieved September 26, 2015. 
  16. ^ Burks, Edward C. (October 24, 1973). "Work Begun on Queens Subway Extension" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved September 26, 2015. 
  17. ^ Dwyer, Jim (1991). Subway lives : 24 hours in the life of the New York City subway. New York: Crown. ISBN 0-517-58445-X. 

External links[edit]