Pelham Gardens, Bronx
|City||New York City|
|Community District||Bronx 11|
|• Total||1.96 km2 (0.757 sq mi)|
|• Density||7,800/km2 (20,000/sq mi)|
|• Median income||$68,552|
|Area code||718, 347, 929, and 917|
Pelham Gardens is a neighborhood located in the Northeast section of the Bronx, New York City. Its boundaries, starting from the north and moving clockwise are East Gun Hill Road to the north and east, Pelham Parkway to the south, and the [[IRT Dyre Avenue Line 5 train to the west ending at the esplanade. Eastchester Road is the primary thoroughfare through Pelham Gardens.
The area was originally home to the Siwanoy, a Native American tribe affiliated with the Algonquian peoples. The name Pelham Gardens derives from Thomas Pell, who purchased the land from the Siwanoy on June 27, 1654 at Treaty Oak, located next to Shore Road in what is now Pelham Bay Park. The town of Westchester was established at this time at what is now Westchester Square; the entire area was part of Westchester County, New York until it was transferred to the city of New York City in 1895. The oldest house in the area is what was once a farmhouse, located at the corner of Woodhull Avenue and Fielding Street.
The neighborhood is socioeconomically diverse, with a considerable working class population as well as many upper middle class professionals, particularly in the eastern area of the community. The proximity to major hospitals and a high concentration of private medical facilities has drawn many health care professionals into the areas, as well as police officers, lawyers, and small business owners, particularly in the fields of construction and food services.
Land use and terrain
Pelham Gardens is dominated by single family homes with some small apartment buildings and 2-3 family homes. Many private homes have basement studio apartments but are classified as one family. The total land area is roughly two square miles. The area its largely flat but contains a significant valley between Eastchester Road and Laconia Avenue, with the most significant low point on Seymour Avenue. This dip was likely caused thousands of years ago by a glacier.
Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of the combined Allerton-Pelham Gardens neighborhood was 28,903, an increase of 393 (1.4%) from the 28,510 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 726.98 acres (294.20 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 39.8 inhabitants per acre (25,500/sq mi; 9,800/km2). The racial makeup of the Allerton-Pelham Gardens neighborhood was 25.3% (7,316) White, 32.5% (9,391) African American, 0.2% (55) Native American, 7.9% (2,282) Asian, 0.0% (12) Pacific Islander, 0.9% (252) from other races, and 1.4% (412) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 31.8% (9,183) of the population.
Demographically, the neighborhood has historically been home to a large Italian-American population as well as a sizable Jewish population, which has dramatically decreased since the 1970s. Smaller numbers of Irish-Americans and German-Americans have also made this largely Catholic community home since significant development began in the 1920s, with a construction boom in the 1950s. Large numbers of Puerto Rican families have moved into the area since the 1980s, with smaller but significant numbers of Filipino-Americans, African-Americans, Dominican-Americans, Albanian-Americans, Korean Americans, and Vietnamese Americans.
The entirety of Community District 11, which comprises Pelham Gardens, Allerton, and Morris Park, had 116,180 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 79.9 years.: 2, 20 This is lower than the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods.: 53 (PDF p. 84)  Most inhabitants are youth and middle-aged adults: 22% are between the ages of between 0–17, 30% between 25–44, and 24% between 45–64. The ratio of college-aged and elderly residents was lower, at 9% and 14% respectively.: 2
As of 2017, the median household income in Community District 11 was $48,018. In 2018, an estimated 21% of Pelham Gardens and Morris Park residents lived in poverty, compared to 25% in all of the Bronx and 20% in all of New York City. One in eight residents (12%) were unemployed, compared to 13% in the Bronx and 9% in New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 55% in Pelham Gardens and Morris Park, compared to the boroughwide and citywide rates of 58% and 51% respectively. Based on this calculation, as of 2018[update], Pelham Gardens and Morris Park are considered high-income relative to the rest of the city and not gentrifying.: 7
Police and crime
Pelham Gardens and Morris Park are patrolled by the 49th Precinct of the NYPD, located at 2121 Eastchester Road. The 49th Precinct ranked 43rd safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010. As of 2018[update], with a non-fatal assault rate of 64 per 100,000 people, Pelham Gardens and Morris Park's rate of violent crimes per capita is slightly more than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 372 per 100,000 people is lower than that of the city as a whole.: 8
The 49th Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 80.7% between 1990 and 2020. The precinct reported 6 murders, 17 rapes, 181 robberies, 253 felony assaults, 167 burglaries, 397 grand larcenies, and 191 grand larcenies auto in 2020.
As of 2018[update], preterm births and births to teenage mothers are slightly more common in Pelham Gardens and Morris Park than in other places citywide. In Pelham Gardens and Morris Park, there were 90 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 19.7 births to teenage mothers per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide).: 11 Pelham Gardens and Morris Park has a low population of residents who are uninsured. In 2018, this population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 12%, the same as the citywide rate of 12%.: 14
The concentration of fine particulate matter, the deadliest type of air pollutant, in Pelham Gardens and Morris Park is 0.0074 milligrams per cubic metre (7.4×10−9 oz/cu ft), less than the city average.: 9 Fifteen percent of Pelham Gardens and Morris Park residents are smokers, which is slightly higher than the city average of 14% of residents being smokers.: 13 In Pelham Gardens and Morris Park, 32% of residents are obese, 14% are diabetic, and 31% have high blood pressure—compared to the citywide averages of 24%, 11%, and 28% respectively.: 16 In addition, 23% of children are obese, compared to the citywide average of 20%.: 12
Eighty-three percent of residents eat some fruits and vegetables every day, which is lower than the city's average of 87%. In 2018, 80% of residents described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," slightly higher than the city's average of 78%.: 13 For every supermarket in Pelham Gardens and Morris Park, there are 17 bodegas.: 10
The nearest large hospitals are Calvary Hospital, Montefiore Medical Center's Jack D. Weiler Hospital, and NYC Health + Hospitals/Jacobi in Morris Park. The Albert Einstein College of Medicine campus is also located in Morris Park.
Post office and ZIP Code
Pelham Gardens and Morris Park generally have a lower rate of college-educated residents than the rest of the city as of 2018[update]. While 32% of residents age 25 and older have a college education or higher, 24% have less than a high school education and 44% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 26% of Bronx residents and 43% of city residents have a college education or higher.: 6 The percentage of Pelham Gardens and Morris Park students excelling in math rose from 32% in 2000 to 48% in 2011, though reading achievement remained constant at 37% during the same time period.
Pelham Gardens and Morris Park's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is slightly higher than the rest of New York City. In Pelham Gardens and Morris Park, 23% of elementary school students missed twenty or more days per school year, a little more than the citywide average of 20%.: 6 : 24 (PDF p. 55) Additionally, 74% of high school students in Pelham Gardens and Morris Park graduate on time, about the same as the citywide average of 75%.: 6
The New York Public Library (NYPL) operates the Eastchester branch at 1385 East Gun Hill Road. It has operated since 1950 and moved to its current one-story, 7,500-square-foot (700 m2) location in 1985.
- Bx12 Local and Select Bus Service: to Bay Plaza Shopping Center and Inwood–207th Street (A train) (via Fordham Road and Pelham Parkway)
- Bx26: to Co-op City and Lehman College (via Bedford Park Blvd and Allerton Av)
- Bx28 and Bx38: to Co-op City and Fordham (via East Gun Hill Road)
- Bx31: to Woodlawn and Westchester Square station (via Eastchester Road)
- BxM10: to East Side, Manhattan
- Lorraine Cortés-Vázquez, Commissioner of the New York City Department of Aging, former New York Secretary of State
- Philip Foglia (c.1951–2020), prosecutor, lawyer, and Italian American rights activist
- Jake Lamotta, boxer (lived on Pelham Parkway) 
- Lea Michele, actress, known for Glee (lived on Tiemann Avenue)
- "NYC Planning | Community Profiles". communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved March 3, 2018.
- "Pelham Gardens neighborhood in New York". Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- "NYPD – 49th Precinct". www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
- Wilson, Claire. "AutosIf You're Thinking of Living In/Pelham Gardens, the Bronx; Attractive, Affordable and Unheralded", The New York Times, December 8, 2002. Accessed August 14, 2016. "Interns and residents from the medical facilities rent apartments in the two- or three-family houses in Pelham Gardens and are part of a professional mix that includes small-business owners and merchants from Arthur Avenue as well as judges, nurses, professors and up-and-coming chefs."
- Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016.
- Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2016.
- Bronx Community District 11 Archived 2009-03-20 at the Wayback Machine
- Plambeck, Joseph. "The Merits of Safe and Sound". The New York Times. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- "Morris Park and Bronxdale (Including Allerton, Bronxdale, Indian Village, Morris Park, Pelham Gardens, Pelham Parkway and Van Nest)" (PDF). nyc.gov. NYC Health. 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
- "2016-2018 Community Health Assessment and Community Health Improvement Plan: Take Care New York 2020" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
- "New Yorkers are living longer, happier and healthier lives". New York Post. June 4, 2017. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
- "NYC-Bronx Community District 11--Pelham Parkway, Morris Park & Laconia PUMA, NY". Retrieved July 17, 2018.
- "Pelham Parkway: Baychester, Westchester Square – DNAinfo.com Crime and Safety Report". www.dnainfo.com. Archived from the original on April 15, 2017. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- "49th Precinct CompStat Report" (PDF). www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
- "Engine Company 97". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- "FDNY Firehouse Listing – Location of Firehouses and companies". NYC Open Data; Socrata. New York City Fire Department. September 10, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- "Best 30 Hospitals in Bronx, NY with Reviews". Yellow Pages. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- "Williams Bridge, New York City-Bronx, New York Zip Code Boundary Map (NY)". United States Zip Code Boundary Map (USA). Retrieved March 17, 2019.
- "Location Details: Baychester". USPS.com. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
- "Morris Park / Bronxdale – BX 11" (PDF). Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy. 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
- "About the Eastchester Library". The New York Public Library. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- "Bronx Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2020.
- "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2021. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
- "State AG Overhauls National Puerto Rican Day Parade", The Bronx Chronicle, February 13, 2014. Accessed July 11, 2020. "Ten new directors were appointed, including Pelham Gardens resident and former Secretary of State Lorraine Cortes-Vazquez, currently Executive Vice President for Multicultural Markets & Engagement at AARP."
- Cohen, Jason (April 23, 2020). "'He was a champion of Italian Americans': COVID-19 claims Bronx legend, Phil Foglia". Bronx Times. Archived from the original on April 23, 2020. Retrieved May 4, 2020.