Pelham Parkway (neighborhood), Bronx
White Plains Road and Pelham Parkway South
Location in New York City
|City||New York City|
|Community District||Bronx 11|
|• Total||1.95 km2 (0.754 sq mi)|
|• Density||15,000/km2 (40,000/sq mi)|
|• Median income||$58,860|
|Area code||718, 347, 929, and 917|
Pelham Parkway is a working- and middle-class residential neighborhood geographically located in the center of the Bronx, a borough of New York City in the United States. Its boundaries, starting from the north and moving clockwise are: Waring Avenue to the north, the IRT Dyre Avenue Line tracks (5 train) to the east, Neill Avenue to the South, and Bronx River Parkway to the west. White Plains Road is the primary commercial thoroughfare through Pelham Parkway. The neighborhood is named after Pelham Parkway, a major west-east parkway that travels through the East Bronx.
The road named Pelham Parkway was officially called the Bronx and Pelham Parkway since it connects Bronx Park and Pelham Bay Park. It is also an integral part of the Mosholu-Pelham Greenway. The road was established in 1911 and was originally only one lane, which is today’s westbound lane. The parkway was one part of John Mullaly's vision of creating a vast system of six parks along with connecting parkway roads to link them.
The parkway was lined with trees on both sides and had a strict building code. Nobody was allowed to build within 150 feet (46 m) of the center. No railroads were allowed to cross over the parkway; this is why the roadbed of the New York, Westchester and Boston Railway, which is now the Dyre Avenue subway line, had to be laid in a tunnel underneath the parkway. Bars and hotels are also prohibited alongside the parkway. Land in 1900 cost between $3,500 and $5,000 for one lot; near Bronx Park the prices were even higher. The neighborhood was named after the Parkway.
After a late 20th-century deterioration of the neighborhood, coinciding with what was known as white flight from the Bronx, the Pelham Parkway neighborhood showed signs of revitalization in the new century. Many apartments have been rehabilitated and offered as rentals to the growing middle income population found in the area. A number of buildings have been converted to cooperative ownership and the business section on White Plains Road and Lydig Avenue is a beehive of activity. Their stores reflect the neighborhood's polyglot lineage with many ethnic restaurants side by side with Kosher and Italian butchers and bakeries.
Today’s parkway was constructed in the 1930s and is 2.3 miles (3.7 km) in length and 400 feet (120 m) wide and features wide expanses of lawn with full canopies of trees. The center of the parkway, prior to World War II, was closed off on Sunday mornings for professional bicycle racing. Today, a recreational bikeway runs alongside the westbound motor lanes of the parkway, near the north side of the Parkway.
Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Pelham Parkway was 30,073, an increase of 67 (0.2%) from the 30,006 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 531.08 acres (214.92 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 56.6 inhabitants per acre (36,200/sq mi; 14,000/km2). The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 36.2% (10,875) White, 10.7% (3,223) African American, 0.2% (59) Native American, 11.3% (3,389) Asian, 0.0% (4) Pacific Islander, 0.7% (196) from other races, and 1.5% (466) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 39.4% (11,861) of the population.
The neighborhood has a significantly diverse population including Albanians (the largest concentration in New York City), Arabs, African Americans, Bosnians, Dominicans, Filipino, Germans, Guyanese, Indians, Irish, Italians, Jamaicans, Jews, Muslims, Pakistanis, Puerto Ricans, and Russians. Hispanics of various races account for 45% of the community; 38% of the community are non-Hispanic White and 20% non-Hispanic Black. Like most neighborhoods in New York City, the vast majority of households are renter occupied. However, there is a large community of co-op owners in the area. There is significant income diversity on a block by block basis, spanning from low wage immigrant households to solid upper middle class. While the poverty rate for The Bronx as a whole is 28%, the poverty rate in the neighborhood, at less than 20%, is much closer to the overall New York City rate of 15%.
The entirety of Community District 11, which comprises Pelham Parkway, Allerton, and Morris Park, had 116,180 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 79.9 years.:2, 20 This is lower than the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods.:53 (PDF p. 84) Most inhabitants are youth and middle-aged adults: 22% are between the ages of between 0–17, 30% between 25–44, and 24% between 45–64. The ratio of college-aged and elderly residents was lower, at 9% and 14% respectively.:2
As of 2017, the median household income in Community District 11 was $48,018. In 2018, an estimated 21% of Pelham Parkway and Morris Park residents lived in poverty, compared to 25% in all of the Bronx and 20% in all of New York City. One in eight residents (12%) were unemployed, compared to 13% in the Bronx and 9% in New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 55% in Pelham Parkway and Morris Park, compared to the boroughwide and citywide rates of 58% and 51% respectively. Based on this calculation, as of 2018[update], Pelham Parkway and Morris Park are considered high-income relative to the rest of the city and not gentrifying.:7
Land use and terrain
Pelham Parkway is dominated by 6 and 7-story elevator apartment and coop buildings but the residential streets are lined with a vibrant blend of housing types including detached houses and larger Art Deco and Tudor Style apartment buildings. In the last decade, construction of modern 2 and 3 unit row-houses and apartment buildings have increased the percentage of owners versus renters. The total land area is roughly one square mile. The terrain is relatively low laying and flat.
The neighborhood has long served as home to working and middle class New York families. The six-story apartment houses in which they reside provide comfortable living at affordable prices and stand in large numbers throughout the metropolitan area. This commonality of the speculative six-story elevator apartment building has long left this type of construction under-recognized and unappreciated. Though many of these dwellings stand alone or in large concentration; a survey of similar communities affirm that the area is one of few truly cohesive neighborhoods of this typology, offering an unusually compact and well-preserved stretch of these buildings. These structures have proven vital as they contain facilities to meet resident's commercial, religious, and educational needs.
Bronx House, a settlement house that moved to Pelham Parkway in the 1950s is the heart of the neighborhood. It is run by the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies as a community center and provides social services, support networks, English Language classes, free lunches for the elderly, and a gym for all neighborhood residents.
Bronx Park is located on 718 acres (291 ha) along the Bronx River, much of which contains the New York Botanical Garden and the Bronx Zoo. The remainder of the park is operated by the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation and is bounded by Southern Boulevard, Webster Avenue, Burke Avenue, Bronx Park East, and East 180th Street.
Police and crime
Pelham Parkway and Morris Park are patrolled by the 49th Precinct of the NYPD, located at 2121 Eastchester Road. The 49th Precinct ranked 43rd safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010. With a non-fatal assault rate of 64 per 100,000 people, Pelham Parkway and Morris Park's rate of violent crimes per capita is slightly more than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 372 per 100,000 people is lower than that of the city as a whole.:8
The 49th Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 80.6% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 7 murders, 25 rapes, 176 robberies, 307 felony assaults, 171 burglaries, 439 grand larcenies, and 95 grand larcenies auto in 2018.
Preterm and teenage births are slightly more common in Pelham Parkway and Morris Park than in other places citywide. In Pelham Parkway and Morris Park, there were 90 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 19.7 teenage births per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide).:11 Pelham Parkway and Morris Park has a low population of residents who are uninsured. In 2018, this population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 12%, the same as the citywide rate of 12%.:14
The concentration of fine particulate matter, the deadliest type of air pollutant, in Pelham Parkway and Morris Park is 0.0074 milligrams per cubic metre (7.4×10−9 oz/cu ft), less than the city average.:9 Fifteen percent of Pelham Parkway and Morris Park residents are smokers, which is slightly higher than the city average of 14% of residents being smokers.:13 In Pelham Parkway and Morris Park, 32% of residents are obese, 14% are diabetic, and 31% have high blood pressure—compared to the citywide averages of 24%, 11%, and 28% respectively.:16 In addition, 23% of children are obese, compared to the citywide average of 20%.:12
Eighty-three percent of residents eat some fruits and vegetables every day, which is lower than the city's average of 87%. In 2018, 80% of residents described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," slightly higher than the city's average of 78%.:13 For every supermarket in Pelham Parkway and Morris Park, there are 17 bodegas.:10
The nearest large hospitals are Calvary Hospital, Montefiore Medical Center's Jack D. Weiler Hospital, and NYC Health + Hospitals/Jacobi in Morris Park. The Albert Einstein College of Medicine campus is also located in Morris Park.
Post offices and ZIP codes
Pelham Parkway is located within four ZIP Codes. South of the road named Pelham Parkway, the eponymous neighborhood is located in 10462 west of Paulding Avenue and 10461 east of Paulding Avenue. North of the road named Pelham Parkway, the neighborhood is located in 10467 west of Bronxwood Avenue and 10469 east of Bronxwood Avenue. The United States Postal Service operates two post offices nearby: Parkway Station at 2100 White Plains Road and Esplanade Station at 2488 Williamsbridge Road.
Pelham Parkway and Morris Park generally have a lower rate of college-educated residents than the rest of the city. While 32% of residents age 25 and older have a college education or higher, 24% have less than a high school education and 44% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 26% of Bronx residents and 43% of city residents have a college education or higher.:6 The percentage of Pelham Parkway and Morris Park students excelling in math rose from 32% in 2000 to 48% in 2011, though reading achievement remained constant at 37% during the same time period.
Pelham Parkway and Morris Park's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is slightly higher than the rest of New York City. In Pelham Parkway and Morris Park, 23% of elementary school students missed twenty or more days per school year, a little more than the citywide average of 20%.:24 (PDF p. 55):6 Additionally, 74% of high school students in Pelham Parkway and Morris Park graduate on time, about the same as the citywide average of 75%.:6
Christopher Columbus High School is in the neighborhood, on the north side of Pelham Parkway, in 2014 it permanently closed. CUNY Prep High School is in the southwest part of the neighborhood. The Albert Einstein College of Medicine is also nearby.
The New York Public Library (NYPL)'s Pelham Parkway-Van Nest branch is located at 2147 Barnes Avenue. The branch opened in 1912 as one of NYPL's "Travelling Libraries", and between 1917 and 1968, moved to a series of permanent locations. The current building, which opened in 1968, has been known as the Van Nest or Van Nest Pelham branch through its history.
The neighborhood is served by several New York City Subway stations, as well as local bus route and an express bus to midtown Manhattan. The Pelham Parkway and Bronx Park East stations on the IRT White Plains Road Line (served by the 2 and 5 trains) and Morris Park on the IRT Dyre Avenue Line (served by the 5 train) service the area.
Two Bronx-Manhattan express buses, the BxM10 (Morris Park Avenue route) and BxM11 (White Plains Road route), provide service to Midtown Manhattan along Fifth Avenue and returns to Pelham Parkway along Madison Avenue. The Bx12 and Bx12 Select Bus Service goes through Bronx Park East on Pelham Parkway, beginning at 207th Street in Manhattan and ending in Bay Plaza (Co-Op City). Additionally, the Bx8, Bx22, Bx31 and Bx39 buses all run through Pelham Parkway.
- Robert Abrams (born 1938), former Attorney General of New York; lived along Holland Avenue "on the same block as P.S. 105"
- Ronnie Landfield (born 1947), abstract artist; grew up on Wallace Avenue between Lydig Avenue and Pelham Parkway South.
- Andrea Mitchell (born 1946), television journalist, anchor, and commentator for NBC News; grew up in Pelham Parkway.
- Regis Philbin (born 1931), talk show host who grew up on Cruger Avenue between Sagamore Street and Bronxdale Avenue, which has been co-named Regis Philbin Avenue.
- "NYC Planning | Community Profiles". communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
- "Pelham Parkway neighborhood in New York". Retrieved September 26, 2015.
- Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016.
- "Center for Urban Research". Retrieved 26 September 2015.
- NY Times, Living in Pelham Parkway, the Bronx
- "NYPD – 49th Precinct". www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
- "White Plains Road Business Improvement District - History". pelhamparkway.com. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- "Pelham Parkway History - NYC Parks". Retrieved 30 September 2015.
- "If You're Thinking of Living In /Pelham Parkway; A Polyglot Enclave In Central Bronx". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
- "Pelham Parkway Historic Overview". Retrieved 30 September 2015.
- Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2016.
- "Pelham Parkway neighborhood in Bronx, New York (NY), 10461, 10462 subdivision profile - real estate, apartments, condos, homes, community, population, jobs, income, streets". city-data.com. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- "Morris Park and Bronxdale (Including Allerton, Bronxdale, Indian Village, Morris Park, Pelham Gardens, Pelham Parkway and Van Nest)" (PDF). nyc.gov. NYC Health. 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
- "2016-2018 Community Health Assessment and Community Health Improvement Plan: Take Care New York 2020" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
- "New Yorkers are living longer, happier and healthier lives". New York Post. June 4, 2017. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
- "NYC-Bronx Community District 11--Pelham Parkway, Morris Park & Laconia PUMA, NY". Retrieved July 17, 2018.
- "Bronx House Website". Retrieved 3 October 2015.
- "Bronx Park Highlights : NYC Parks". www.nycgovparks.org. Retrieved June 28, 2019.
- "Pelham Parkway: Baychester, Westchester Square – DNAinfo.com Crime and Safety Report". www.dnainfo.com. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- "49th Precinct CompStat Report" (PDF). www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
- "Engine Company 90/Ladder Company 41". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- "FDNY Firehouse Listing – Location of Firehouses and companies". NYC Open Data; Socrata. New York City Fire Department. September 10, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- "Best 30 Hospitals in Bronx, NY with Reviews". Yellow Pages. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- "Morris Park, New York City-Bronx, New York Zip Code Boundary Map (NY)". United States Zip Code Boundary Map (USA). Retrieved March 17, 2019.
- "Location Details: Parkway". USPS.com. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
- "Location Details: Parkway". USPS.com. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
- "Morris Park / Bronxdale – BX 11" (PDF). Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy. 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
- Beloved Bronx high school named for Christopher Columbus sets sail
- "About the Pelham Parkway-Van Nest Library". The New York Public Library. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 21, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- "Bronx Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- McQuiston, John T. (1994-09-12). "Recalling a Pelham Parkway Past; A Nostalgic Gathering Celebrates a 1950's Neighborhood". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-02-12.
- Landfield, Ronnie. [ronnielandfield.com/journal/2014/9/22/my-story.html "My Story"], Ronnie Landfield; Modern Painter, November 27, 2005. Accessed February 12, 2020. "1947-1963 Lives with parents, Hilda and Nathan Landfield and brother Barry Sanford Landfield at 780 Pelham Parkway, Bronx New York in apartment B9"
- Mitchell, Andrea. "The Bronx of the 1950s could not have imagined Ocasio-Cortez's political victory", NBC News, June 27, 2018. Accessed February 12, 2020. "I was born and spent my early childhood in what later became a part of Joe Crowley’s district, playing on the Bronx sidewalks and in the leafy parks of a neighborhood known as Pelham Parkway."
- Jaccarino, Mike. "Regis Philbin wants to save Pelham Parkway trees slated to be cut down by city for guardrail space", New York Daily News, August 13, 2010. Accessed July 1, 2016. "Locals fighting the removal of 87 trees along Pelham Parkway in the Bronx found a champion this week when Philbin bashed the city on his Live with Regis and Kelly show. Philbin grew up in the neighborhood that the picturesque parkway runs through."