|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2014)|
Location of Peligros
|• Total||9 km2 (3 sq mi)|
|Elevation||680 m (2,230 ft)|
|• Density||1,153.9/km2 (2,989/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Peligros is a municipality located in the province of Granada, Spain. According to the 2013 census (INE), the city has a population of 11126 inhabitants. It is located next to Pulianas, Maracena, Albolote, Calicasas and Güevejar. It includes a small urbanization called Monteluz.
Peligros is one of the fifty two entities that compose the Metropolitan Area of Granada. In 2013 it had 11,126 inhabitants. Its surface area is about 10 km² and it has population density of 1097,24hab/km². It is at an altitude of 680 meters above sea level, and is 5 km from the centre of Granada.
Some centuries after, the Muslims (trying to reach the Northern part of Spain) transformed the place, and renamed it as "Bericulos". Finally, the name was influenced in Peligros by the Spanish language.
It is known that there were Roman settlements, and during the Muslim domination it was a farmstead from "La Vega". In 1431, it took place the battle of "La Higueruela" between Christians and Muslims. Here, the army of Granada lost more than 10,000 men.
After the ejection of the Moors, Peligros' population suffered a decline to a hundred of inhabitants, and its development took place during the 18th century.
When the Reconquest finished and the settlement of the owners was normalized at their respective places, of the 20 families who returned to Peligros, 16 were of Muslim origin, the other 4 were Christians. Between the last decade of the 15th century and 1578, the population did not change.
At the time the moors were expelled, there were only 5 families in the village, but 16 more settlers arrived. In 1578 the population was of 21 families with 84 total people. in the 17th century there were 57 vecinos, but in 1840 the population had increased by 200%, so 157 vecinos.
Nowadays there is a population of 10,385 inhabitants, due to its proximity to the city of Granada, like many other towns in the metropolitan area, has become a "dormitory town", has been developed enough, both in population and infrastructure. 1.81% of the registered population is foreign (189 inhabitants), mostly from Morocco, although lately there are many Portuguese and Latin, mostly building workers.
Its economy is mainly based on agriculture (oats, melon, olive oil) and trade (with 1221 places) that employ about 1080 employees. The labor market in 2006 recorded an unemployment rate of about 442 unemployed and about 5339 contracts of which about 690 are undefined. Household disposable income per capita is between 9300 and €10,200.
- On 19 April 1956, there was an earthquake in Albolote. Thirteen people died. Due to the proximity between both municipalities, Peligros also suffered this seism. The alarm was general, objects fell down and affected about 400 houses to some extent. However, only 50 of the houses had big fissures and 7 of them were abandoned due to danger of collapse.
- The disappeared neighborhood of Las Cuevas suffered from several floods. On one occasion, due to torrential rains, a couple (not from Peligros), were found drowned inside their car between Guevéjar and Granada.
The results of the last municipal elections in Peligros, in May 2011, were:
Celebrations and manners
- The 23rd of January is celebrated the festivity of holy patron, San Ildefonso, where its religious brotherhood surprise the population with a procession and fireworks.
- The "Carnavals" is another festivity where kids and old people dress up at schools, kindergarten and pubs which organisate events.
- The Easter week is characterized for its procession of "Domingo de Ramos", the procession of "La Virgen de los Dolores" (which follows the crucified Christ), "Viernes Santo".
- The first medieval market in Peligros was done in 2013 but people are thinking to celebrate it again because of its succeed.
- The 3rd of May, "Día de la Cruz" is celebrated. In 2013, it has been celebrated during all the weekend.
- From the 6th to the 31st of May, the II Tapas Route in this municipality.
- The "Fiesta de las Mozuelas" is celebrated the 25th of May. It is a curious religious tradition, in which women without boyfriends follow the "Santísimo Sacramento" in a parade, throwing flowers to it and been accompanied by the young kids that have recently taken the 1º Communion. It recalls the fact that French people expropriated the Church during their stay.
- Since just a few years ago, the "Hoguera de la noche de San Juan" bonfire has been held on 23 June.
- With Albolote, both municipalities celebrate a meet, in which clowns and comics appear.
- In mid-June, Peligros received an International Folk Music Festival.
- The "Fiestas Populares" are celebrated at the end of July. Some years before, they usually went in pilgrimage to the Cubillas fen. But nowadays, the pilgrimage has been replaced by a fair, in the outskirts.
- In August, they project films in the "Anfiteatro del Parque Blas Infante".
- The 7th of August, it is celebrated the day of the patroness: Virgen del Rosario. They make some offers, such as white flowers.
- During the second fortnight of October, they celebrate the "Semana de la Oralidad" (with old songs and compositions.
- Halloween is celebrated on 31 October.
- On the night of the 16th of November, it is celebrated the "Noche de la Castaña y el Mosto". Around 1500 people start the autumn with 200 kilos of chestnuts, and 300 litres of wine without alcohol and mosto.
- At Christmas the streets are decorated. New Year is received in the big clock in the Town Hall square, where they usually give out the twelve grapes and some party stuff. There is also the Three Wise Men parade the night of 5 January, where they give some toys to children.
Places of interest
- The parish church of San Ildefonso (set in the square "25 de mayo") created in the 16th century in Moorish style was built over a mosque, and suffered from several reforms:
- In 1522 the first one.
- The second one was done by Villegas from 1561 to 1568.
- In 1610, Vico restored the roof.
- In 1625, Francisco Potes y Martín de Escobar reformed it.
- In 1656, Juan Sarabia y Juan Marín made the most important reform.
- A century after, there have been other reforms such as a new roof, the priest's house, the automatics bells, etc.
- It has an altarpiece (baroque style) from 1755, and two important images: a crucified from José de Mora school, and a "Inmaculada Concepción" from Alonso Cano.
- The new church of "Ntra, Sra del Rosario" inaugurated 6 April 2003, in modern style, and it situated among "Casasnuevas".
- Antonio García Angulo became the parish priest of Peligros Parish on 12 September 2004.
- The "Casa Árabe", with a moorish style, is an important building from the 19th century in the alleged medieval gate of Granada . It is a small fortress. Next to it, there is the "Fuente de los Patos" and municipal park with the amphitheater.
Culture and sports
- Peligros has a football team, Vandalia C.F.
- A regular newspaper, "Peligros", is connected with the newspaper "Ideal". There are also three schools, one college and some nurseries.
The most representatives dishes of Peligros are rice with game (rabbit, partridges, etc.) and "gachas" of figs (also made in Algarinejo).
- Excmo. Ayuntamiento de Peligros
- Microweb turística de Peligros realizada por el Patronato de Turismo de Granada