Pelmadulla Divisional Secretariat

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Pelmadulla Divisional Secretariat
Divisional Secretariat
Country Sri Lanka
Province Sabaragamuwa Province
District Ratnapura District
Time zone Sri Lanka Standard Time (UTC+5:30)

The Pelmadulla Divisional Secretariat is a divisional secretariat of the Ratnapura District, in the Sabaragamuwa Province of Sri Lanka.

During the final period of the Kandy era, the Sabaragamuwa region was divided into six cantons:

  • Kuruvita Korale
  • Nawadun Korale
  • Kolonna Korale
  • Gravets and Center Korale
  • Atakalan Korale
  • Kukulu Korale

The Pelmadulla Divisional Secretariat belongs to the upper and middle parishes of Nawadun Korale.

It is located in the center of the Ratnapura district. Compared with other divisional secretariats in the district, it is the twelfth largest by area. It spans about 14,674 ha (146.74 km2 or 36,260.25 acres) and covers 4.46% of the Rathnapura district and 0.22% of Sri Lanka.

Location[edit]

The province of Sabaragamuwa is located in the south of Sri Lanka.

The boundaries of the Pelmadulla divisional secretariat are:

Divisional Secretariat Grama Niladhari ("Village Officer")
North Ratnapura Hettikanda Egoda Malwala
Banagoda Kolandagala
Heen Berenduwa Angammana
Batugedara Galabada
Durekkanda Mudduwa
West Ratnapura Ethoya
Elapatha Hangamuwa Magurugoda
South Nivithigala Horangala Pathakada
Dombagammana Erabadda
Kiribathgala Noragalla
Wanniyawaththa
Kahawaththa Nugawela West Yainna
Nugawela East
Godakawela Kotakethana
East Opanayake Polwaththahena Hallina

History[edit]

P.E.P Deraniyagala discovered remains of homo sapiens balangodensis (Balangoda Man) in Bulathwatta, providing evidence that the region of the present day Pelmadulla secretariat has been inhabited since prehistoric times. A number of huts were also unearthed, originally built to provide shelter for ancient carters. This gave rise to the name 'Pelmadulla' for the area, meaning cluster of huts in Sinhalese.

The temple on the Denawaka and Kehelbaddala river basin was called Dronawakka Viharaya during the reign of King Vijayabahu I. The Nampotha (a book written in the Kandy period about important Buddhist centers) mentions this temple as a 203rd entry as Denawaka Viharaya, presently known as Aramunapola Viharaya. This latest renaming is credited to monks who arrived from Arammanadesh in Myanmar. The Pelmadulla divisional secretariat was established according to the sixth chapter of the Boundary Determination Act (no 22/1955) which was issued in 1955, as an assistant government agent division. Since then, the region has seen a marked increase in Grama Niladhari divisions:

Year Number of Grama Niladhari ("Village Officer") Divisions
1955 10
1974 12
1985 18
1990 37

Under the Gamsabha administration, the Pelmadulla divisional secretariat was administrated under 3 Gam Karya Sabhas (staff council) and one semi-urban council. They were:

  • Pelmadulla semi-urban council
  • Pelmadulla Gam karya sabha
  • Pathakada Gam karya sabha
  • Marapana Gam karya sabha

According to Act no. 58/1992, the Pelmadulla divisional secretariat's office was installed in 1992.

Currently, the Pelmadulla Divisional Secretariat area is locally administrated by the Pelmadulla Pradeshiya Sabha (Divisional Council).

Ancient places[edit]

Physical features[edit]

The Pelmadulla division can be divided to four main zones:

  • Kuttapitiya mountain range
  • Kiribathgala mountain range
  • Denawaka valley
  • Way valley

Kuttapitiya mountain range[edit]

This zone is located in the northern area of the division. The Kuttapitiya mountain (969 m) is the highest in the range, where the Kirindi Ella waterfall is also found.

Kiribathgala mountain range[edit]

This zone is located in the southern area of the division. The Kiribathgala mountain (948m) is the highest in the range, where the Pulun Ella waterfall is also found.

Denawaka valley[edit]

The Denawaka rivers flow in the valley between Kuttapitiya and Kiribathgala mountain ranges. This zone is the most populous.

Way valley[edit]

The Way river flows in the southern boundary of the division.

Drainage[edit]

The main rivers in division

  • Denawaka river
  • Way river
  • Hangamu river

Waterfalls[edit]

  • Kirindi Ella (116 m)
  • Pulun Ella (105 m)
  • Gerandi Ella (105 m)
  • Rajana Ella (67.5 m)
  • Lihini Ella (30 m)
  • Kuda Ella (30 m)
  • Hathbili Ella (11 m)
  • Marakkala Ella (10.5 m)
  • Ballan Damana Ella

References[edit]

External links[edit]