Peltae

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Peltae (Peltæ) or Peltai (Ancient Greek: Πέλται) was a city and bishopric of ancient Phrygia in Asia Minor, which remains a Catholic titular see.

History[edit]

Peltae was a considerable town of Phrygia, was situated, according to Xenophon, at a distance of 10 parasangs from Celaenae, at the head of the river Maeander. Xenophon describes it as a populous city, and states that the army of Cyrus the Younger remained there three days, during which games and sacrifices were performed.[1] The Tabula Peutingeriana, where the name is erroneously written Pella, places it, quite in accordance with Xenophon, 26 miles from Apamea Cibotus, to the conventus of which Peltae belonged.[2][3][4] Strabo mentions Peltae among the smaller towns of Phrygia,[5] and the Notitiae Episcopatuum name it among the episcopal cities of the Roman province of Phrygia Pacatiana Prima to be a suffragan of its capital Laodicea in Phrygia's metropolitan Archbishopric. The district in which the town was situated derived from it the name of the Peltaean plain (Πελτηνόν or Πελτινὸν πεδίον).[6]

Location[edit]

Peltae's site is not known, and several scholars have offered opinions as to its location. It is probable that it is located southwest of Eumeneia.[7]

Titular see[edit]

The diocese was nominally restored in 1933 as Titular bishopric under the names of Peltae (Latin), adjective Pelten(us) / Pelte (Curiate Italian).

It is vacant since decades, having only had the following incumbent(s), so far of the fitting Episcopal (lowest) rank :

  • Stephen Stanislaus Woznicki (1937.12.13 – 1950.03.28) as Auxiliary Bishop of Detroit (USA) (1937.12.13 – 1950.03.28), later Bishop of Saginaw (USA) (1950.03.28 – 1968.10.30), emeritate as Titular Bishop of Thiava (1968.10.30 – death 1968.12.10).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Xenophon. Anabasis. 1.2.10.
  2. ^ Pliny. Naturalis Historia. 5.29.
  3. ^ Ptolemy. The Geography. 5.2.25.
  4. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. s.v.
  5. ^ Strabo. Geographica. xii. p. 576. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  6. ^ Strabo. Geographica. xiii. p. 629. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  7. ^ Getzel M. Cohen (1995). The Hellenistic Settlements in Europe, the Islands, and Asia Minor. University of California Press. p. 318.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Peltae". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

External links[edit]