Peltophorum dubium is a tree in the Fabaceae family, and subfamily Caesalpinioideae. This species is known as the Ibirá-pitá in Argentina and Paraguay, arbol de Artigas in Uruguay, and Cambuí  in Brazil. It is a large tree, growing around 20–25 meters, with a rectangular trunk.
- Foliage: bright green, and deciduous
- Leaves: compound, bipinnate, large. Numerous leaves with a central nervous system.
- Flowers: from 2 cm in diameter, arranged in bundles that end in spikes. The bright visible flowers are in corollas. They flower in the summer and at the beginning of autumn.
- Fruits: indehiscent legume, flat, leathery, and brown.
- Seeds: cylindrical with hard nuts.
They grow on the riverbanks in the south of Brazil, the northeast of Argentina and Paraguay and in the north of Uruguay. They have also been planted along the avenues of Buenos Aires and Montevideo. They are tropical trees, but can grow to quite large specimens in temperate climates.
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