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Directed byQuirino Cristiani
Music byJosé Vázquez Vigo
Release date
  • September 18, 1931 (1931-09-18) (Argentina)
Running time
80 minutes

Peludópolis is a 1931 Argentine animated film directed by Quirino Cristiani.[1] It was released on September 18, 1931 in Buenos Aires.[2] The film was released with a Vitaphone sound-on-disc synchronization system soundtrack, making the film generally credited as the first animated feature film with sound. The film is now considered a lost film.


The story revolves around the then Argentine president, Hipolito Yrigoyen, floating around his boat Peludo City (which represented Argentina) while constantly being harassed by hungry sharks (the Radicals).


A year into production for the film, president Yrigoyen was ousted by a military coup d'état, and production on the film halted.

Still wanting this film to see the light of day, Critiani began de-emphasizing Yrigoyen and the sharks and started adding in the generals that overthrew Yrigoyen as the heroes. During this time, Cristiani added an everyman character named Juan Pueblo to act as the moral center of the film. After the delay and plot rearrangement, Peludópolis was finally released on September 16, 1931.

The single most notable feature of Peludópolis was the fact that it was the first animated film to be released with sound. Cristiani added this feature partway through production, before the plot had been rearranged, using the Vitaphone sound-on-disc system to record the sound that was to play alongside the film. While sound-on-film systems did exist at the time, Argentine theaters were simply unable to support the system. Peludópolis included multiple songs during the film, none of which are known to exist.

Instead of drawing on cels which would then be laid over a background, the drawings were made on cardboard, a technique Cristiani by then had perfected, and then cut out and laid over the background in the same way as with cels.[3][4]


In both 1957 and 1961, fires broke out where the now-retired Cristiani stored his films, destroying most, if not all, of his work. Among the lost materials included the only prints of Peludópolis left in existence, as well as the soundtrack, making it a lost film. A making-of feature of the film, along with several stills and posters for the film, are still in existence.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Quirino Cristiani: "Making Peludopolis" (1930)
  2. ^ Manrupe, Raúl; Portela, María Alejandra (2001). Un diccionario de films argentinos (1930-1995) (in Spanish). Editorial Corregidor, Buenos Aires. ISBN 950-05-0896-6. Retrieved 20 January 2013.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  3. ^ Argentine Cinema: An Animated Voyage
  4. ^ Quirino Cristiani: "Making Peludopolis" (1930)

External links[edit]