Pelynt (Cornish: Pluwnennys, Pluwnonna) is a civil parish and village in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is situated 20 miles (32 km) west of Plymouth and four miles (6.5 km) west-northwest of Looe. Pelynt has a population of around 1,124 (2001 census),which increased to 1,296 at the 2011 census In addition an electoral ward with the same name exists but extends towards Widegates avoiding Looe at all times. The population at the 2011 for this ward was 4,453.
The manor of Pelynt is mentioned in the Domesday Book (1086) when it was valued much higher than Looe; it was held by Algar from Robert, Count of Mortain. There was half a hide of land and land for 8 ploughs. There were three and a half ploughs, 6 serfs, 4 villeins, 12 smallholders, 30 acres of woodland, 40 acres of pasture, 2 cattle, 14 pigs and 37 sheep. The value of the manor was £1 sterling though it had formerly been worth £2-10s.
The parish church is dedicated to St Nonna and built in the Perpendicular style. In about 1680, one of the arcades was remodelled in Tuscan Doric style. The tower is of the 14th century, earlier than the rest of the church. There are a number of interesting memorials including that to Bishop Jonathan Trelawny, whose pastoral staff is preserved in the church. Other notable members of the locally resident Trelawny family are also commemorated. The village has a school, founded in 1882, and a 16th-century inn, The Jubilee.
The first mention of a post office in Pelynt was in May 1852, when a type of postmark known as an undated circle was issued. Details of some of the people who have run the post office, including William Churchill (1856), Harriet Andrews (1910) and Samuel Harvey (from 1929) appeared in a book published in 1988.
There is an ancient barrow cemetery nearby: ten barrows still exist and others have been destroyed. The Rillaton Cup and the Pelynt Dagger are two artefacts that have been found in Cornwall that have been claimed to show contact with the Mycenaean world. However a 2006 study of gold cups by Stuart Needham and others sees no reason to look so far afield for parallels, and locates the cup in a group with other "unstable" cups (round-bottomed and unable to stand up) in precious materials found in north-western Europe. They propose a date around 1700 BC for the Rillaton Cup, though it may have been buried a long time after it was made. In contrast, the Pelynt Dagger might actually be Mycenaean, but have made its way slowly across Europe over a considerable period.
The parish contains historic estates including:
- Trelawny (modern: Trelawne) long the seat of the Trelawny family, later Trelawny baronets, one of the most eminent of Cornish gentry families.
- Sir Jonathan Trelawny, 3rd Baronet of Trelawny, Bishop of Bristol, Exeter and Winchester
- Eliza Fenwick, writer, was born in Pelynt
- Seven sons of the Rev. Canon William Shuckforth Grigson M.A. and Mary Beatrice Boldero were born in the vicarage; five died in the two world wars. They included:
- Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 201 Plymouth & Launceston ISBN 978-0-319-23146-3
- "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 10 February 2015.
- "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 10 February 2015.
- Dowling, Jeremy. Church Trails in Cornwall. The Looe Area. The North Cornwall Heritage Coast & Countryside Service and the Diocese of Truro. ISBN 9781900046053.
- Thorn, C. et al., ed. (1979) Cornwall. Chichester: Phillimore; entry 5,15,3
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1970) The Buildings of England: Cornwall; pages 133-134; Second edition revised by Enid Radcliffe; Harmondsworth: Penguin ISBN 0-300-09589-9
- Allen, Natalie (1988) Through the Letter-box, pp. 109-116, Liskeard, Cornwall: The Breton Press, ISBN 0-9508408-2-3
- Christie, P. M. "Cornwall in the Bronze Age" in: Cornish Archaeology; 25
- Budin, Stephanie Lynn (2009), The Ancient Greeks: An Introduction, Oxford University Press US, ISBN 978-0-19-537984-6
- Needham et al., 53-63
- Needham et al., 60-63
- Needham, Stuart; Parfitt, Keith; Varndell, Gillian (Eds) The Ringlemere Cup: Precious Cups and the Beginning of the Channel Bronze Age, 2006, British Museum Research Publication 163, ISBN 978-086159-163-3
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pelynt.|