Pemiscot County, Missouri

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Pemiscot County, Missouri
Pemiscot Co MO Courthouse 20170128-3732.jpg
Pemiscot County Courthouse in Caruthersville
Map of Missouri highlighting Pemiscot County
Location in the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded February 19, 1851
Named for A Native American word meaning "liquid mud"
Seat Caruthersville
Largest city Caruthersville
Area
 • Total 513 sq mi (1,329 km2)
 • Land 493 sq mi (1,277 km2)
 • Water 21 sq mi (54 km2), 4.1%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 17,482
 • Density 37/sq mi (14/km2)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website www.pemiscotcounty.org

Pemiscot County is a county located in the southeastern corner in the Bootheel in the U.S. state of Missouri, with the Mississippi River forming its eastern border. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,296.[1] The largest city and county seat is Caruthersville.[2] The county was officially organized on February 19, 1851,[3] and is named for the local bayou, taken from the Fox dialect word, pem-eskaw, meaning "liquid mud".[4] This has been an area of cotton plantations and later other commodity crops.

Murphy Mound Archeological Site has one of the largest platform mounds in Missouri. It is a major earthwork of the Late Mississippian culture, which had settlement sites throughout the Mississippi Valley and tributaries. The site is privately owned and is not open to the public. The site may have been occupied from as early as 1200 CE and continuing to about 1541.[5]

History[edit]

Bordering the river and floodplain, the county has been devoted to agricultural development and commodity crops. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, its major commodity crop was cotton, developed first by enslaved African Americans.

After the Reconstruction era, whites lynched four African Americans, all in the early 1900s in the county seat of Caruthersville.[6] This was a period of disfranchisement of blacks and heightened violence against them by whites.[7]

To leave such conditions, many African Americans left the area in the Great Migration to urban areas for work. With mechanization of agriculture requiring fewer workers, the county population has continued to decline since a peak in 1940.

Geography[edit]

Ditch No. 70, a drainage ditch near Bragg City

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 513 square miles (1,330 km2), of which 493 square miles (1,280 km2) is land and 21 square miles (54 km2) (4.1%) is water.[8] Fishing is a popular activity among residents in the area.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18602,962
18702,059−30.5%
18804,299108.8%
18905,97539.0%
190012,115102.8%
191019,55961.4%
192026,63436.2%
193037,28440.0%
194046,85725.7%
195045,624−2.6%
196038,095−16.5%
197026,373−30.8%
198024,987−5.3%
199021,921−12.3%
200020,047−8.5%
201018,296−8.7%
Est. 201617,073[9]−6.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2015[1]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 20,047 people, 7,855 households, and 5,317 families residing in the county. The population density was 41 people per square mile (16/km²). There were 8,793 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 71.76% White, 26.23% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. Approximately 1.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among the major first ancestries reported in Pemiscot County were 31.9% American, 7.8% Irish, 5.6% English, and 5.5% German ancestry.

There were 7,855 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.00% were married couples living together, 18.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.30% were non-families. 28.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the county, the population was spread out with 30.00% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 21.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 88.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,992, and the median income for a family was $33,945. Males had a median income of $27,476 versus $17,358 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,599. About 24.80% of families and 30.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.20% of those under age 18 and 23.20% of those age 65 or over.

Religion[edit]

According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report (2000), Pemiscot County is a part of the Bible Belt with evangelical Protestantism being the majority religion. The most predominant denominations among residents in Pemiscot County who adhere to a religion are Southern Baptists (69.98%), Methodists (7.56%), and Churches of Christ (4.76%).

Politics[edit]

Local[edit]

The Democratic Party completely controls politics at the local level in Pemiscot County. Democrats hold every elected position in the county.

Pemiscot County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Patsy Hinklin Democratic
Circuit Clerk Kelly Cagle Maners Democratic
County Clerk Pam Treece Democratic
Collector Rhonda Parkinson Price Democratic
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Mark Cartee Democratic
Commissioner
(District 1)
Steve Watkins Democratic
Commissioner
(District 2)
Ben Baker Democratic
Coroner James Brimhall Democratic
Emergency Management Director Jim Atchison Democratic
Prosecuting Attorney Jereme Lytle Democratic
Public Administrator Carol DeRousse Miller Democratic
Recorder Pam Strawbridge Democratic
Sheriff Tommy Greenwell Democratic
Surveyor Darrall Hirtz Democratic
Treasurer Frankie R. Stewart Democratic

State[edit]

All of Pemiscot County is a part of Missouri’s 162nd District in the Missouri House of Representatives and is currently represented by Terry Swinger (D-Caruthersville).

Missouri House of Representatives - District 162 - Pemiscot County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Terry Swinger* 2,851 100.00 0

All of Pemiscot County is a part of Missouri's 25th District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by State Senator Rob Mayer (R-Dexter). In 2008, Mayer defeated Democrat M. Shane Stoelting 65.32-34.68 percent in the district. The 25th Senatorial District consists of Butler, Dunklin, New Madrid, Pemiscot, Ripley, Stoddard, and Wayne counties.

Missouri Senate - District 25 - Pemiscot County (2008)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Rob Mayer 3,586 55.61
Democratic M. Shane Stoelting 2,862 44.39

Federal[edit]

Pemiscot County is included in Missouri’s 8th Congressional District and is currently represented by Jason T. Smith (R-Salem) in the U.S. House of Representatives. Smith won a special election on Tuesday, June 4, 2013, to finish out the remaining term of U.S. Representative Jo Ann Emerson (R-Cape Girardeau). Emerson announced her resignation a month after being reelected with over 70 percent of the vote in the district. She resigned to become CEO of the National Rural Electric Cooperative.

U.S. House of Representatives - District 8 – Pemiscot County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jo Ann Emerson 3,782 62.57 -0.25
Democratic Jack Rushin 2,184 36.14 +0.95
Libertarian Rick Vandeven 78 1.29 +0.51
U.S. House of Representatives - District 8 - Special Election – Pemiscot County (2013)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Jason T. Smith 506 58.36
Democratic Steve Hodges 338 38.99
Constitution Doug Enyart 13 1.50
Libertarian Bill Slantz 10 1.15
Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2012 38.64% 2,338 58.83% 3,559 2.53% 153
2008 37.26% 2,491 60.50% 4,045 2.24% 150
2004 44.93% 2,965 53.46% 3,528 1.61% 106
2000 34.61% 2,053 63.80% 3,784 1.59% 94
1996 26.24% 1,461 72.31% 4,026 1.45% 81
1992 34.78% 2,275 65.22% 4,267 0.00% 0
1988 48.65% 3,033 50.87% 3,171 0.48% 30
1984 46.17% 3,112 53.83% 3,629 0.00% 0
1980 42.25% 3,067 57.60% 4,181 0.15% 11
1976 40.99% 2,743 58.86% 3,939 0.15% 10

Political culture[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 65.6% 3,964 32.2% 1,947 2.2% 132
2012 56.8% 3,598 42.2% 2,671 1.0% 66
2008 56.1% 3,954 43.0% 3,029 0.9% 64
2004 49.9% 3,398 49.7% 3,381 0.4% 27
2000 45.4% 2,750 53.6% 3,245 1.1% 65
1996 32.1% 1,820 59.4% 3,371 8.6% 486
1992 31.9% 2,161 58.0% 3,924 10.1% 683
1988 48.2% 3,066 51.7% 3,288 0.2% 10
1984 53.1% 3,733 46.9% 3,293
1980 45.5% 3,519 53.5% 4,140 0.9% 73
1976 35.1% 2,541 64.7% 4,681 0.2% 14
1972 70.0% 4,697 30.0% 2,017
1968 28.0% 2,191 34.3% 2,681 37.7% 2,950
1964 34.3% 2,658 65.7% 5,083
1960 37.9% 4,464 62.1% 7,312
1956 33.0% 3,969 67.0% 8,064
1952 31.6% 4,118 68.3% 8,913 0.1% 12
1948 18.0% 2,249 82.0% 10,269 0.1% 8
1944 36.9% 4,333 62.9% 7,380 0.2% 20
1940 38.9% 6,011 60.8% 9,391 0.3% 51
1936 33.6% 4,139 66.3% 8,171 0.1% 14
1932 35.7% 4,415 64.0% 7,909 0.3% 32
1928 54.3% 6,256 45.7% 5,259
1924 45.5% 4,811 53.1% 5,616 1.4% 146
1920 52.6% 4,443 46.2% 3,901 1.3% 109
1916 44.9% 2,076 53.0% 2,447 2.1% 98
1912 30.8% 973 51.1% 1,617 18.1% 574
1908 43.9% 1,390 54.5% 1,725 1.6% 49
1904 39.4% 923 58.7% 1,375 1.9% 45
1900 32.2% 655 67.4% 1,370 0.3% 7
1896 21.9% 355 77.9% 1,260 0.2% 3
1892 15.7% 133 82.8% 700 1.4% 12
1888 21.9% 168 78.0% 599 0.1% 1

At the presidential level, Pemiscot County is a fairly independent-leaning or battleground county although, like many counties in the impoverished Bootheel with a large African American population, it has a significant tendency to vote Democratic. While George W. Bush carried Pemiscot County by just 17 votes in 2004, Al Gore won the county in 2000, although both times the margin of victory was significantly closer than in many other rural areas. Bill Clinton also carried Pemiscot County in both 1992 and 1996 by double-digit margins. As was the case in many of the other rural counties in Missouri, Pemiscot County favored John McCain over Barack Obama in 2008, although the margin of victory was smaller than in many of the other rural areas.

In 1968, Pemiscot County was the only county in Missouri to be won by George Wallace, the former Governor of Alabama who ran as a pro-segregationist presidential candidate. In 2008, Pemiscot County swung the most Republican of all counties in the state, despite the state swinging Democratic as a whole.

As in most rural areas throughout Missouri, voters in Pemiscot County generally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles, but are more moderate or populist on economic issues, typical of the Dixiecrat philosophy. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it passed Pemiscot County with 84.73 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters, as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in Pemiscot County, with 52.41 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters, as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Pemiscot County’s longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes, such as increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Pemiscot County with 78.01 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 78.99 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)[edit]

In the 2008 Missouri Presidential Preference Primary, voters in Pemiscot County from both political parties supported candidates who finished in second place in the state at large and nationally.

  • Former U.S. Senator Hillary Clinton (D-New York) received more votes, a total of 1,270, than any candidate from either party in Pemiscot County during the 2008 Missouri Presidential Preference Primary. She also received more votes than the total number of votes cast in the entire Republican Primary in Pemiscot County.
Pemiscot County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain 233 (23.75%)
Mike Huckabee 565 (57.59%)
Mitt Romney 149 (15.19%)
Ron Paul 20 (2.04%)
Pemiscot County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Clinton 1,270 (70.83%)
Barack Obama 466 (25.99%)
John Edwards (withdrawn) 34 (1.90%)
Uncommitted 19 (1.06%)

Education[edit]

Of adults 25 years of age and older in Pemiscot County, 58.2% possess a high school diploma or higher, while 8.4% hold a bachelor's degree or higher as their greatest educational attainment.

Public schools[edit]

Alternative/vocational schools[edit]

  • Diagnostic Center - Hayti - (K-12) - Special education
  • External Locations - Hayti - (K-12) - Special education
  • Oak View Learning Center - Hayti - (K-12) - Special education
  • Pemiscot County Vocational School - Hayti - (11-12) - Vocational/technical

Public libraries[edit]

  • Caruthersville Public Library[16]
  • Conran Memorial Library[17]
  • Steele Public Library[18]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Village[edit]

Former village[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Other unincorporated places[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved September 12, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Douglass, Robert Sidney. History of Southeast Missouri. I. Chicago and New York: Lewis Publishing. p. 313. 
  4. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1917). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 338. 
  5. ^ O'Brien, Michael J. and Robert C. Dunnell. (1998) 1998 Changing Perspectives on the Archaeology of the Central Mississippi Valley. University of Missouri Press, Columbia
  6. ^ "Lynching in Missouri", Saline County, Missouri/GenWeb Project
  7. ^ Lynching in America/ Supplement: Lynchings by County, 3rd edition, Montgomery, Alabama: Equal Justice Initiative, 2015, p. 7
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 18, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 18, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 18, 2014. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-26. 
  16. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "Caruthersville Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017. 
  17. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "Conran Memorial Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017. 
  18. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "Steele Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°13′N 89°47′W / 36.21°N 89.78°W / 36.21; -89.78