Pen-y-ghent

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Pen-y-ghent
Pen-y-ghent 2.jpg
From the path from Horton
Highest point
Elevation 694 m (2,277 ft)
Prominence c. 306 m. (1,004 ft)
Parent peak Whernside
Listing Marilyn, Hewitt, Nuttall
Coordinates 54°09′19″N 2°14′59″W / 54.15528°N 2.24972°W / 54.15528; -2.24972Coordinates: 54°09′19″N 2°14′59″W / 54.15528°N 2.24972°W / 54.15528; -2.24972
Naming
Translation Hill on the border (Cumbric)
Pronunciation /ˈpɛnɪɡɛnt/
Geography
Pen-y-ghent is located in Yorkshire Dales
Pen-y-ghent
Pen-y-ghent
Location of Pen-y-ghent in the
Yorkshire Dales National Park
Location Yorkshire Dales, England
OS grid SD838733
Topo map OS Landranger 98

Pen-y-ghent or Penyghent is a fell in the Yorkshire Dales, England. It is the smallest of the Yorkshire Three Peaks at 2,277 feet (694 m);[1] the other two being Ingleborough and Whernside.[2] It lies 1.9 miles (3 km) east of Horton in Ribblesdale.[3] It features a number of interesting geological features such as Hunt Pot, and further down, Hull Pot. The waters that flow in have created an extensive cave system which rises at Brants Gill head.

Walking routes[edit]

The Pennine Way links the summit to the village; the route is around 3.1 miles (5 km) in length as the Way curves initially to the north before turning east to reach the summit.[4] The more direct route that traverses the southern 'nose' of the hill is the route usually taken by those attempting the Yorkshire Three Peaks Challenge, as the walk is usually (but not exclusively) done in an anti-clockwise direction starting and finishing in Horton in Ribblesdale. The other main hillwalking route on the hill heads north from the summit to reach Plover Hill before descending to join Foxup Road, a bridleway at the head of Littondale.[3]

Geography[edit]

Pen-y-Ghent is made up of a millstone grit top sat upon a bed of carboniferous limestone.[5] The summit acts as a watershed with water flowing east into the River Skirfare and on through to the Humber Estuary, and water flowing west dropping into the River Ribble, to ultimately flow into the Irish Sea.[6] The distinctive rakes that adorn the hillside (particularly on the western edge of Pen-y-Ghent) were revealed during a great storm in July 1881. The ferocity of the water cascading down the hillside removed the topsoil and revealed the rakes beneath.[1][6]

Hull Pot Beck spilling into Hull Pot. Taken looking north-westwards

Hull Pot Beck rises on the western side of Plover Hill and flows into Hull Pot, which is the largest natural hole in England.[7] Hull Pot measures 300 feet (91 m) long by 60 feet (18 m) wide and 60 feet (18 m) deep.[4] The water then flows under Horton Moor before re-appearing just east of Horton in Ribblesdale as Brants Ghyll Beck, where it flows into the River Ribble.[8] Local legend has it that the waters from Hull Pot and Hunt Pot cross each other underground without mixing. This is said to have first been noted when a sheep wash was undertaken in one stream thereby making it muddy, and oaks being dropped into the other stream and both having exited into the Ribble without mixing together.[9]

Etymology[edit]

In the Cumbric language, exactly as in today's Welsh, Pen meant 'top' or 'head', and y is most likely the definite article (the), exactly as in Modern Welsh y. These elements are common in placenames throughout the island, and especially in Wales (compare Penyberth 'end of the hedge/copse', or Penyffordd 'head of the road/way', etc.). The element ghent is more obscure, however: it could be taken to be 'edge' or 'border'.[10] The name Pen-y-ghent could therefore mean 'Hill on the border' (compare Kent).[11] Alternatively, ghent could mean 'wind' or 'winds' – from the closest Welsh transliteration, gwynt ('wind'). Thus it might mean simply 'Head of the Winds'. It is also possible that ghent may have been a tribal name and that the hill may have once been an important tribal centre. It is also acceptable to write the name as Pen y Ghent rather than Pen-y-ghent.

Notable events[edit]

In 2004 the body on an unidentified female was found near to the entrance of Sell Gill Hole.

Three Peaks Challenge

Photographs[edit]

A panoramic image of Pen-y-ghent viewed from the west, on the footpath from Horton in Ribblesdale, January 2012. Plover Hill is the lower, more distant hill to the left.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Picture Post: More snow forecast for Pen Y Ghent". The Yorkshire Post. 24 January 2016. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  2. ^ Fletcher, Terry (17 May 2017). "Yorkshire Dales walk - Pen-Y-Ghent and Plover Hill". yorkshirelife.co.uk. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "OL2" (Map). Yorkshire Dales - Southern & Western Area; Whernside, Ingleborough & Pen-y-ghent. 1:25,000. Explorer. Ordnance Survey. 2016. ISBN 9780319263310. 
  4. ^ a b "Walk 33; Pen-y-ghent from Horton" (PDF). nationaltrail.co.uk. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  5. ^ "BBC - Seven Wonders - Three Peaks". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  6. ^ a b "Pen-y-ghent". yorkshiredales.org.uk. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  7. ^ "Weekend Walk: Hull Pot". The Yorkshire Post. 14 January 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  8. ^ "Brantsghyll Beck". Environment Agency. Retrieved 29 May 2017. 
  9. ^ Speight, Harry (1892). "XL; All about Pen-y-Ghent". The Craven and North-West Yorkshire Highlands (1 ed.). London: Elliot Stock. p. 391. OCLC 650329471. 
  10. ^ Bibby, Andrew (2008). The backbone of England : landscape and life on the Pennine watershed (1 ed.). London: Frances Lincoln. p. 120. ISBN 9780711228252. 
  11. ^ Ekwall, Eilert (1960). The concise Oxford dictionary of English place-names (4 ed.). Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 363. ISBN 0-19-869103-3. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]