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Temporal range: Triassic–Recent
Penaeus monodon.jpg
Penaeus monodon
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Family: Penaeidae
Rafinesque, 1815

Penaeidae is a family of marine crustacean in the suborder Dendrobranchiata, which are often referred to as penaeid shrimp or penaeid prawns. The Penaeidae contain many species of economic importance, such as the tiger prawn, whiteleg shrimp, Atlantic white shrimp, and Indian prawn. Many prawns are the subject of commercial fishery, and farming, both in marine settings, and in freshwater farms. Lateral line-like sense organs on the antennae have been reported in some species of th Penaeidae.[1] At 210 metres per second (760 km/h), the myelinated giant interneurons of pelagic penaeid shrimp have the world record for impulse conduction speed in any animal.[2]


Of the 48 recognised genera in the family Penaeidae, 23 of them are known only from the fossil record (marked †):[3]


  1. ^ E. J. Denton; John Gray (1985). "Lateral-line-like antennae of certain of the Penaeidea (Crustacea, Decapoda, Natantia)". Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 226 (1244): 249–261. doi:10.1098/rspb.1985.0094. 
  2. ^ Ke Hsu & Susumu Terakawa (1998). "Fenestration in the myelin sheath of nerve fibers of the shrimp: A novel node of excitation for saltatory conduction". Journal of Neurobiology. 30 (3): 397–409. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-4695(199607)30:3<397::AID-NEU8>3.0.CO;2-#. 
  3. ^ Sammy De Grave; N. Dean Pentcheff; Shane T. Ahyong; et al. (2009). "A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans" (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Suppl. 21: 1–109.