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Penaeus monodon.jpg
Penaeus monodon
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Suborder: Dendrobranchiata
Superfamily: Penaeoidea
Family: Penaeidae
Genus: Penaeus
Fabricius, 1798

Penaeus is a genus of Papus, including the giant tiger prawn (P. monodon), the most important species of farmed crustacean worldwide. The genus has been reorganised following a proposition of Pérez Farfante and Kensley based on morphological differences, in particular the genital characteristics of these animals,[1] although this revision has not been universally accepted.[2] Following the revision, many species formerly in the genus Penaeus have been reassigned to new genera in the family Penaeidae: Farfantepenaeus, Fenneropenaeus, Litopenaeus and Marsupenaeus.[1] The following table gives an overview:

Old scientific name New scientific name Common name(s)
P. aztecus Farfantepenaeus aztecus northern brown shrimp
P. brasiliensis Farfantepenaeus brasiliensis redspotted shrimp, spotted pink shrimp
P. brevirostris Farfantepenaeus brevirostris crystal shrimp, pink shrimp
P. californiensis Farfantepenaeus californiensis yellowleg shrimp, brown shrimp
P. chinensis Fenneropenaeus chinensis fleshy prawn, Chinese white shrimp, oriental shrimp
P. orientalis
P. duorarum Farfantepenaeus duorarum northern pink shrimp
P. esculentus Penaeus esculentus brown tiger prawn
P. hathor Penaeus hathor
P. indicus Fenneropenaeus indicus Indian prawn
P. japonicus Marsupenaeus japonicus Kuruma shrimp, Kuruma prawn, Japanese tiger shrimp
P. merguiensis Fenneropenaeus merguiensis banana shrimp, banana prawn
P. monodon Penaeus monodon giant tiger prawn, black tiger shrimp
P. notialis Farfantepenaeus notialis southern pink shrimp
P. occidentalis Litopenaeus occidentalis western white shrimp
P. paulensis Farfantepenaeus paulensis São Paulo shrimp, Carpas shrimp
P. penicillatus Fenneropenaeus penicillatus redtail prawn
P. schmitti Litopenaeus schmitti southern white shrimp
P. semisulcatus Penaeus semisulcatus green tiger prawn
P. setiferus Litopenaeus setiferus northern white shrimp
P. silasi Fenneropenaeus silasi
P. stylirostris Litopenaeus stylirostris western blue shrimp, blue shrimp
P. subtilis Farfantepenaeus subtilis southern brown shrimp
P. vannamei Litopenaeus vannamei whiteleg shrimp, Pacific white shrimp, King prawn

A few more species that are sometimes given as Penaeus spp. are actually assigned to the genus Melicertus:[dubious ]

Invalid name Valid scientific name Common name(s)
P. canaliculatus Melicertus canaliculatus witch shrimp, tiger shrimp
P. kerathurus[3] Melicertus kerathurus Caramote prawn, triple-grooved shrimp
P. latisculatus Melicertus latisulcatus western king prawn
P. longistylus Melicertus longistylus redspot king prawn, red-spotted prawn
P. marginatus Melicertus marginatus Aloha prawn
P. plebejus Melicertus plebejus eastern king prawn[dubious ]


  1. ^ a b Isabel Pérez Farfante; Brian Frederick Kensley (1997). Penaeoid and Sergestoid Shrimps and Prawns of the World: Keys and Diagnoses for the Families and Genera. Mémoires du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle. 175. Muséum national d'histoire naturelle. pp. 1–233. ISBN 9782856535103. 
  2. ^ Patsy A. McLaughlin; Rafael Lemaitre; Frank D. Ferrari; Darryl L. Felder; R. T. Bauer (2008). "Letter to the Editor: A reply to T. W. Flegel" (PDF). Aquaculture. 275: 370–373. doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2007.12.020. 
  3. ^ Penaeus kerathurus , FAO.

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