Igreja da Misericórdia de Penafiel
|Intermunic. comm.||Tâmega e Sousa|
|• Total||212.24 km2 (81.95 sq mi)|
|• Density||340/km2 (880/sq mi)|
|Time zone||WET/WEST (UTC+0/+1)|
Penafiel (Portuguese pronunciation: [pɨnɐfiˈɛɫ] or [ˌpenɐfiˈɛɫ]) is a municipality in Porto District of Portugal. The population in 2011 was 72,265, in an area of 212.24 km². The municipality of Penafiel is located east of Porto in Tâmega subregion, of which is one of the main cities.
During the reign of King Joseph, the region was known as Arrifana de Sousa. A royal letter of March 3, 1770 changed it to Penafiel, and be raised the city.
The 28 parishes of the county are, for the large part, industrialized, while others are rural in nature. Villages have houses made with small stones and granite, both of which are common in locality of Penafiel
The origin of Penafiel name is different in several legends, and yet the most common which states that the origin of the name came from existing fortifications in the locality. When did the founding of the city, stood here two castles: one of them stood by the river Sousa, north to his bed, and was called Castle of Aguiar de Sousa; The second on the south bank is denominated castle Pena (Pennafidelis). Attacked several times by the Moors, the latter fortification never surrendered, earning him the Epictetus of "faithful" thus becoming known as Castle Penafiel.
Despite this episode, the village kept for centuries its old name Sousa Arrifana. The origin of the name Arrifana is in doubt because it is speculated have come from Ariana, daughter of Hermenegildo González and D. Mumadona Days. After his father's death, Arriana inherited this land that was Lady in century X. Several plots in the area were also owned by Mafalda in the first half of the thirteenth century.
The beginning of Arrifana de Sousa parish dates from the sixteenth century. In the same century, in 1519, King Manuel I of Portugal grants charter letter to raise the village, which would only happen in the reign of John V of Portugal by decree of 7 October 1741.
A law of King Joseph I of Portugal dated March 3, 1770, finally changes the place name of the town to Penafiel and gives the city category. Also in 1770, a bull of Pope Clement XIV is created, who created the diocese of Penafiel, which was thus separated ecclesiastically of the diocese of Porto. He was appointed bishop Carmelite Bishop Frei Inácio São Caetano, confessor of Maria I of Portugal, who was then still Princess of Brazil. For meeting with the future Queen Bishop never came to administer the diocese. Maria I when she was elected queen persuaded Frei to give the bishopric and in 1778 Pope Pius VI extinguishes the diocese, incorporating it back into the port.
There are some megalithic remains here.
The menhir of Luzim,laandmark sepulchral twsoanding t and a half meters high, whdates fromhree thousand to four thousand years. Still in the parish Luzim, are the Rock engravings of Lomar, that last for three thousand years.
There are various forts but still have not been the subject of archaeological studies. The only where it has been carried out archaeological excavations and which is the greatest of all is the Citânia Mount Mozinho, known as the "dead city". This castro, one of the largest in the Iberian Peninsula, have been according to some historians, the "Cividade Gallaeci" capital of the Galicians. The citadel retains traces of various cultures: Galician-Lusitanian, Roman, Visigoth and Arabic. It has not yet found a warrior statue, characteristic of Celtic influence.
Penafiel began building its Library in 1863. On 6 June 1917, a new Municipal Library of Penafiel was inaugurated., located on Avenue Araújo e Silva. This would close in October 1919. It was reopened to the public on June 6, 1927 and was transferred to a small lounge on Avenida Sacadura Cabral.
|Population of Penafiel Municipality (1801–2008)|
|18 576||26 944||31 799||37 496||49 924||64 267||68 444||71 800||72 265|
Penafiel is one of few municipalities in Northern Portugal that attracts more tourists for its natural beauty than its human heritage.
Penafiel is a county of strong vocation and tourist appeal. Their expressions of interest pervade various sectors, such as, its heritage, its gastronomy, its natural landscapes, its traditions, fairs and festivals, which added the built tourist facilities and construction. Penafiel is a county of mountains, valleys and rivers, which can be brought to fruition from various points and places like the beautiful water levels resulting from Tamega bayou or the wild slopes of the Douro.
Penafiel is also a county where one realizes the intense humanization that its territory was targeted over several millennia. Thus, several monuments that human art offered the light of day since the ancient prehistoric times can be enjoyed. Here can be visited Anta de Santa Marta, the menhir of Luzim, petroglyphs and several necropolis.
Another offer that the tourist that Penafiel has to offer is the thermal tourism, Spa in St. Vincent and the Inatel Entre-os Rios. The big differentiator of St. Vincent de Spa is the characteristic and quality of its water, one of the most sulphurous sodic, strong, hipomineralizadas, carbonaceous sodic (alkaline) silicate, and fluoridated Europe. They are considered the most alkaline among the sulphurous waters of Portugal and Europe. Its temperature is 18.5 degrees Celsius. The waters are indicated for the treatment of respiratory diseases and musculo-skeletal system.
In Penafiel you can visit one of the largest Portuguese theme parks: the Magikland. This former park called Bracalândia saw its location change for Braga Penafiel, its area increased 4 times and its name changed to Magikland.
Paço de Sousa Monastery
It is also in this area that can be visited most castro of the Iberian Peninsula - the Castro Mozinho Monte (Oldrões / Galicians). This is a proto-Roman city, coeval the beginning of the era, which many scholars and visitors has drawn into its limits. It integrates the newly created Route Castros and verracos Border Hispano-Lusa, along with Deputations of Avila and Salamanca (Spain) and Miranda do Douro and municipalities Mogadouro, Interrreg IIIA funded project. Ali recently opened its Interpretive Center, the archaeologists and vigilant host zone (supported by ON measured Culture) and four modern sculptures by many other artists. It is City's intention to continue to benefit the area for the reception of visitors.
Also deserve special attention, the monuments that are part of the Romanesque Route of the Sousa Valley (supported by ON - AIBT Sousa Valley), namely the Monastery of Paço de Sousa Benedictine (where the Egas Moniz tomb) the Church of S. Gens (Boelhe), the Church of Gandara (Santa Head), the Church of St. Michael of Entre-os-Rios (Eja), the Tombs of the Church of St. Peter of Abragão, the Memorial Chapel (Irivo) and Espindo bridge (between Bustelo and Lodares / Lousada).
It is also to highlight the heritage and rural architecture, existing in several places and villages of the county, with particular focus on Preserved Villages Quintandona (Lagares) and Cabroelo (Chapel), and Entre-os-Rios, in recovery.
It is also recommended to visit the Benedictine Monastery of Bustelo and the aqueduct that stands in its surroundings as well as the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Mercy (Sameiro) and the historic city center.
Tomb of Egas Moniz
The top of the Castle of loyal Pena  should be regarded as the cradle of the municipality Penafidelense.O site began to be invested in the prehistory by Galaicos; rock art of this era still find themselves on the site. Then, in the Middle Ages, a castle was built there to defend the so-called Land of Pena loyal, that the origin of the municipality and the name of the city of Penafiel. Also you can visit the Municipal Museum of Penafiel, a reference to national level, and it has attracted many people.
In some times of the year recorded an increase in the influx of tourists to the city for events such as the famous fair of St. Martin, the newly created literary festival Escritaria and agricultural fair AGRIVAL.
Football is the sport most practiced in the county, leading hundreds of young people to the various existing club in the county. The largest county club and representing the entire county is FC Penafiel, this club was founded in 1951 and has had regular presence in professional competitions Portuguese football: The first and second League. At this time (2014/2015) the club will play in the Premier League after has achieved the long-awaited division rise in the previous season, finishing in 3rd place behind Moreirense (Champion) and FC Porto B. At a time of financial restraint and a squad with only three foreign players, FC Penafiel managed to climb with in 42 games achieved 18 wins, 19 draws and 5 defeats scoring 47 goals and conceding 24, so the best defense of the race. This club beyond football has sports such as athletics and fishing, where its athletes have won several national and international competitions.
The county has several kindergartens and schools, primary education, primary and secondary. Penafiel has invested in this area, having built new schools or renovating others throughout the county.
The board has several health centers around a hospital and several clinics. Padre Américo Hospital is located in Guilhufe.
The council has has some train stations in their territory of buses throughout the country and a vast road system.
- Cabeça Santa
- Duas Igrejas
- Fonte Arcada
- Guilhufe e Urrô
- Lagares e Figueira
- Luzim e Vila Cova
- Paço de Sousa
- Rio de Moinhos
- Rio Mau
- São Mamede de Recezinhos
- São Martinho de Recezinhos
- Termas de São Vicente
- Instituto Nacional de Estatística
- Direção-Geral do Território
- "ALTO DO CASTELO DA PENA FIEL". sites.google.com. Retrieved 2016-07-28.
- "DGPC | Pesquisa Geral". www.patrimoniocultural.pt. Retrieved 2016-07-28.
- Diário da República. "Law nr. 11-A/2013, pages 552 90-91" (pdf) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 29 July 2014.
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